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96 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
blast/o
germ or bud
chrom/o
chromat/o
color
chyl/o
juice
hem/o
hemat/o
blood
immun/o
safe
lymph/o
clear fluid
morph/o
form
phag/o
eat or swallow
reticul/o
spleen
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus gland
plasma
liquid portion of blood, and cellular components (leukocytes, erythrocytes, platelets)
serum
liquid portion of blood post-clotting
erythrocyte
red blood cell
hemoglobin
protein-iron compound used for carrying oxygen in red blood cell
leukocyte
white blood cel, protector
granulocytes
leukocytes containing granules in their cytoplasm
neutrophil
granular leukocyte, eats bacteria
polymorpho-nuclear leukocyte (PMN)
neutrophil
band
immature neutrophil
eosinophil
granular leukocyte, named for red coloring of it granular. increases in allergic and infection reactions
basophil
granular leukocyte, named for dark strain, brings antiocoagulant substances to inflamed tissues
agranulocytes
active in immune process. T,B,NK cells
monocyte
agranulocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection
platelets
thrombocytes, used in blood cloting
thymus
primary gland of the lymphatic system, produces T lymphocytes
spleen
organ between the stomach and diaphragm, removes dead blood cells, and removes cellular debris
lymph
fluid circulated through the lymph vessels
lymph capillaries
microscopic vessels that draw lymph from the tissues to the lymph vessels
lymph vessels
vessels that reveive lymph from the lymph capillaries and circulate it to the lymph nodes
lacteals
specialized lymph vessels in the small intestive that absorb fat
chyle
white or pale yellow substance in lymph that contains fatty substances
lymph nodes
small oval structures that filter lymph from the lympg vessels
lymph ducts
collecting channels that carry lymph from the lymph nodes to the veins
right lymphatic duct
recives lymph from the right upper part of the body
thoracic duct
recives lymph from the left side of the body
immunity
process of disease protection induced by exposure to antigen
antigen
substance that body forms antibodies against
antibody
substance producded by the body that destroys antigens
active immunity
immunity that protects the body against a future infection
passive immunity
immunity resulting from INTRODUCED antibodies
anisocytosis
presence of red blood cless of unequal size
pancytopenia
abnormally reduced number of all cellular components in the blood
erythropenia
abnormally reduced number of red blood cells
hemolysis
breakdown of the red blood cell membrane
immunocompromised
impaired immunologic defenses caused by an immunodeficiency disorder or therapy with immunosuppressive agents
immunosuppression
impaired ability to porvide an immune response
lymphadenopathy
enlarged ability to provide an immune response
lymphocytopenia
abnormaly reduced number of lynphocytes
macrocytosis
presence of large red blood cells
microcytosis
presence of small red blood cells
nuetropenia
decrease in the number of neutropholis
poikilocytosis
presence of large irregulary shaped red blood cells
reticulocytosis
increased number of immature erythrocytes in the blood
splenomegaly
enlargement of the spleen
aquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
renderes immune cells ineffective
anemia
condition of reduced numbers of red blood cells, hemogloben
iron deficiency anemia
microcytic normochromic type of anemia, caused by lack of iron
pernicious anemia
macrosytic normochromic type anemia characterized by an inadequate supply of vitamin B12
aplastic anemia
normocytic-normochromic type of anemia, failure of bone marrow to produce red blood cells
erythroblastosis fetalis
blood incompatability between mother and child
hemochromatosis
hereditary disorder with an excessive buildup of iron deposits in body
hemophilia
hereditary factors, defects in clotting factors
leukemia
chronic or acute cancer in blood-forming organs
lymphoma
neoplastic disorder of lymph tissue
metastasis
cances cells spread by blood or lymph systems
mononucleosis
viral condition characterized by an increase in mononuclear cells, enlarged lymph nodes
polycythemia
increased numbers of erythrocytes and hemoglobin in the blood
septicemia
systemic disease casued by the infection of microorganisms and their toxins in blood
thrombocytopenia
bleeding disorder, decreased number of platelets in the blood, impairing the clotting process
phlebotomy
incision into vein for blood draw and testing
blood chemistry
test of the fluid portion to measure amounts of chemical constituents
blood chemistry
specialized batteries of automated tests
basic metabolic panel
battery of test used as screen for disease
comprehensive metabolic panel
tests in addition to basic panel for expanded screeening purpose
blood culture
test to diagnose and infection in the blood stream
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
timed test that measures the rate at which red blood cells settle
partial thromboplastin time (PTT)
test to determine coagulation defects
thromboplastin
substance necessary for coagulation
prothrombin time (PT)
test to measure activity of prothrombin the the blood
prothrombin
protein substance in the blood that is essential to the clotting process
complete blood count (CBC)
common blood test, includes four counts
blood indices
manipulation of CBC tests results
mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
calculation of the volume of indivular cells in cubic microns
differential count
determination of blood content breakdown
red cell morphology
identifying and counting WBCs, condition, size, and shape of red blood cells
bone marrow aspiration
needle aspiration of bone marrow tissue for pathologic examination
lympangiogram
xray of a lymph node
bone marrow transplant
transplantation of healthy bone marrow for stimulate blood cell production
lympadenectomy
removal of a lymph node
lympadenotomy
incision into a lymph node
splenectomy
removal of spleen
thymectomy
removal of the thymus gland
chemotherapy
treatment with chemical agents to destory cells
plasmapheresis
removal of plasma from the body with separation and extraction of specific elements
hemostatic
drug that stops flow of blood in vessels