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115 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adip/o
lip/o
steat/o
fat
derm/o
dermat/o
cutane/o
skin
erythr/o
red
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o
histi/o
tissue
kerat/o
hard
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nail
plas/o
formation
purpur/o
purple
seb/o
sebum
oil
squam/o
scale
trich/o
hair
xer/o
dry
xanth/o
yellow
epithelium
cells covering external and internal surfaces of the body
epidermis
thin outer layer of the skin
squamous cell layer
flat, scalelike epithelial cells comprising the outermost epidermis
basal cell layer
deepest layer of epidermis
melanocyte
cell in basal layer that gives color to the skin
melanin
dark brown to black pigment contained in melanocytes
dermis
dense, fibrous connective tissue layer of skin
sebaceous glands
oil glands in the skin
subcutaneous layer
connective and adipose tissue layer just under dermis
collagen
protein substance in skin and connective tissue
hair
outgrowth of the skin composed of keratin
nail
outgrowth of the skin at the end of each digit, composed of keratin
keratin
hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, nails
lesion
an area of pathologically altered tissue
primary lesions
lesions arising from previously normal skin
macule
a flat, discolored spot on the skin up to 1cm across
(freckle)
patch
a flat, discolored spot on the skin larger than 1cm
(vitiligo)
papule
a solid mass on the skin up to 0.5cm in diameter
(nevus or mole)
plaque
a solid mass greater than 1cm in diameter, limited to the surface of the skin
nodule
a solid mass greater than 1cm extending deeper into the epidermis
tumor
solid mass larger than 1-2cm
wheal
an area of localized skin edema (swelling)
(hive)
vesicle
little bladder; an elevated, fluid-filled sac (blister) within or under the epidermius up to 0.5cm in diameter
(fever blister)
bulla
a blister larger than 0.5cm
(2nd degree burn, bulla=bubble)
pustule
a pus-filled sac
(pimple)
secondary lesions
lesions that result in changes in primary lesions
erosion
gnawed away; loss of superficial epidermis leaving an area of moisture but no bleeding
(area after rupture of a vesicle)
ulcer
an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar; sometimes with an infection
excoriation
scratch mark
fissure
linear crack in the skin
scale
thin flake of exfoliated epidermin
crust
dried residue of serum (body liquid) pus or blood on the skin
(impetigo)
cicatrix of the skin
mark left by the healing of a sore or wound, showing the replacement of destoyed tissue with fiberous tissue
(scar)
keloid
abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue that is thick and irregular
(kele=tumor)
vascular lesions
lesions of a blood vessel
cherry angioma
small, round, bright red blood vessel tumor on the skin, often on the trunk of the elderly
telangiectasia
spider angioma
tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole
purpuric lesions
purpura; lesions resulting from hemorrhages into the skin
petechia
spot; reddish-brown, minute hemorrhagic spots on the skin that indicate a bleeding tendency; a small purpura
ecchymosis
bruise;black and blue mark; large purpura
(chymo=juice)
epidermal tumors
skin tumors arising from the epidermis
nevus
birthmark; congenital malformation on the skin that can be epidermal or vascular; also called a mole
dysplastic nevus
mole with precancerous changes
verruca
epidermal tumor caused by a papilloma virus; also called a wart
alopecia
fox mange; baldness; natural or unnatural deficiency of hair
comedo
comedos
comedones
blackhead caused by a plug of sebum within the opening of a hair follicle
eruption
appearance of a skin lesion
erythema
redness of skin
pruitus
severe itching
rash
general term for skin eruption most often associated with communicable disease
skin pigmentation
skin color due to melanin
suppuration
production of purulent matter (pus)
urticaria
hives; eruption of wheals on the skin; itch
xeroderma
dry skin
acne
inflammation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin
albinism
hereditary condition characterized by lack of melanin pigment
first degree burn
burn involving only the epidermis, characterized by erythema and hyperesthesia
second degree burn
burn involving only the epidermis and dermis, characterized by erythema, hypersthesia, vesications (blisters)
third degree burn
burn involving all the layers of the skin, characterized byt the destruction of the epidermis and dermis or subcutaneous tissue
dermatitis
and disorder of the skin
exanthematous viral disease
eruption of the skin caused by a viral disease
rubella
german measles
rubeola
12-day measles
varicella
tiny spot, chicken pox
eczema
to boil out; swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale
furuncle
boil; painful nodule formed in the skin
carbuncle
skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
absess
localized collection of pus in a cavity
gangrene
eating sore, death of tissue, no blood supply
herpes simplex virus type 1
viral vesicles (cold sores) facial area infection
herpes simplex virus type 2
viral ulcers, sexually transmitted
herpes zoster
viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves, painful blisters; shingles
impetigo
highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted. around mouth and nose
keratoses
thickened areas of epidermis
actnic keratoses
solar keratoses
localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight, precursor to cancer
seborrheic keratoses
benign, wartlike tumors (old people)
lupus
chronic autoimmune disease; inflammation of body parts (joints)
malignant cutaneous neoplasm
skin cancer
onychia
inflammation of the nail
paronychia
inflammation of the nail fold
pediculosis
lice
psoriasis
skin disease, grey scales covering red patches on the skin
scabies
contagious disease, caused by mites
seborhea
skin condition, hypersecretion of sebum
tinea
fungal skin diseases, ringworm, athletes foot
vitiligo
white patches of skin
Biopsy
(Bx) removal of a small piece of skin for analysis
culture and sensitivity
(C&S) isolate and grow microorganisms for anaylsis
frozen section
cut a piece of a frozen sample for analysis
chemosurgery
chemical peel
cryosurgery
freeze and remove
dermabrasion
surgical removal of epidermis frozen by aerosol spray
debridement
removal of dead tissue from a wound or burn site
curettage
spoonlike instrument for debridement (removal of skin)
electrodesiccation
high-frequency electric currents to destroy tissue by drying it
fulguration
high-frequency sparks to destory tissue
Mohs surgery
remove tissue layer by layer until a normal layer is found
antipruritic
drug that relevies itching