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86 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
oro, stomato
mouth
pharyngo
throat
esophago
esophagus
gastro
stomach
entero
small intestine
colo/colono
large intestine
ano/procto/recto
rectum/anus
hepato
liver
cholecysto
gallbladder
pancreato
pancreas
ceco
cecum
chole
bile/gall
-lithiasis
slipping
-pepsia
digestion
sigmoido
sigmoid colon
amebic dysentary
frequent watery stools often w/ blood and mucus caused by the parasite entamoeba histolytica
anastomosis
a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance that leads to a refusal to maintain a normal body weight
anoscopy
the visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum using a short speculum called an anoscope
aphthous ulcers
grey-white pits with a red border in teh soft tissues lining the mouth; also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers
ascites
an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
bilirubin
a pigment produced from the destruction of hemoglobin is released by the liver in bile excess in blood is associated w/ jaundice
bolus
mass of food that has been chewed and is ready to swallow
borborygmus
rumbling noise caused by movement of gas in intestine
botulism
food poisoning characterized by paralysis and often death caused by bacterium clostridium botulinum
bruxism
involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth that usually occurs during sleep
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting
cholecystalgia
pain in the gall bladder
cholecystectomy
surgical removal of gallbladder
cholecystitis
inflammation of gallbladder
choledocholithotomy
an incision in the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones
cholelithiasis
the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
cholera
sever diarrhea vomiting and dehydration caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae
cirrhosis
a progressive degenerative desease of the liver in which scar tissue replaces normal tissue
colonoscopy
cdirect visual examination of the inner surface of the colon from the rectum the the cecum
colostomy
the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
dental prophylaxis
professional cleaning of the teeth to remove plaque and tartar
diverticulitis
inflammation of one or more diverticula in the wall of the colon
diverticulosis
the presence of a number of diverticula in the wall of the colon
dyspepsia
pain or discomfort in digestion aka indigestion
dsyphagia
difficulty in swallowing
emesis
to expel the contents of the stomach through the esophagus and out the mouth aka vomiting
emetic
medication that is administered to produce vomiting
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated w/ viral or bacterial pathogens
eructation
belching
esophageal reflux
the upward flow of stomach acid into the esophagus aka gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
esophageal varices
englarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
the endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach and upper duodenum
gastroduodenostomy
the removal of the pylorus of the stomach and the establishment of an anastomosis between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum
gastroenteritis
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestines
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums; earliest stage of peridontal disease
hematemesis
vomiting blood
hemoccult
a lab test for hidden blood in the stools aka fecal occult blood test
hemorrhoidectomy
surgical removal of hemorrhoids
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
herpes labialis
blister like sores on the lips and adjacent tissue caused by oral herpes simplex virus type 1 aka cold sores fever blisters
hiatal hernia
the protrusion of part of the stomach thru the esophageal sphincter in the diaphragm
hyperemesis
extreme persistent vomiting that may lead to dehydration
ileitis
inflammation of the ileum
ileus
partial or complete blockage of the small and or large intesting not caused by obstruction but by cessation of intestinal peristalsis
intussusception
the telescoping of one part of the small intesting into the opening of an immediately adjacent part
jaundice
a yellow discoloration of skin and eyes caused by more than normal amts of bilirubin in blood aka icterus
maxillofacial surgery
specialized surgery of hte face and jaws to correct deformities, treat disease, repair injuries
melena
the passage of stools w/ a black and tarlike appearance that is caused by the presence of digested blood
morbid obesity
the condition of weighing two or three times or more the ideal weight
nasogastric intubation
the placement of a tube thru the nose and into the stomach
peristalsis
the muscle movement of food thru digestive tract
proctoplasty
surgical repair of rectum
pyrosis
the burning sensation caused by the return of acidic stomach contents in to the esophagus aka heartburn
regurgitation
return of swallowed food into mouth
salmonella
severe darrhea nausea and vomiting accomanied by a high fever that are casued by bacteria salmonella
sigmoidoscopy
the edndoscopic exam of the interior of the rectum sigmoid colon and possibly portion of descending colon
ulcerative colitis
a chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation
volvulus
twisting of the intestine on itself causing obstruction
xerostomia
the lack of adequate saliva due to the absence of or diminished secretions by the salivary glands aka dry mouth
BMI
body mass index
chole
cholecystectomy
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
FPBT
fecal occult blood test
GB
gall bladder
GERD
gasteroesophageal reflux disease
HH
hiatal hernia
IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
O&P
ova and parasites
HSV-1
oral herpes simplex virus type 1
TMD
temporomandibular disorders