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96 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lympho-
lymph
lymphangio-
lymph vessel
lymphadeno-
lymph nodes
tonsillo-
tonsils
adenoido-
adenoids
spleno-
spleen
myelo-
bone marrow
lymphocyto-
lymphocytes
thymo-
thymus
immuno-
immune system
carcino-
cancerous
cervico-
neck
neo-
new
-oma
tumor
onco-
cancer
phago-
eat
-plasm
formative material in cells
sarco-
flesh
-tic
pertaining to
toxo-
poison
-cide
causing death
-genesis
creation
-lytic
break down
allergen
an antigen capable of inducing an allergic response
anaphylaxis
a severe response to a foreign substance such as a drug, food, insect venom, or chemical
antibody
a disease fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen
antigen
any substance the body regards as foreign such as viruses, bacteria, toxins, transplanted tissues.
aspergillosis
an infection caused by the fungus of the genus asperigillus
autoimmune disorder
a condition in which the immune system reacts incorrectly to normal antigens and creates antibodies against the bodies own tissues
bacilli
rod-shaped spore forming bacteria
bacteria
a group of one-celled microscopic organisms
bactericide
substance that causes the death of bacteria includes antibiotic groups of penicillins
bacteriostatic
agent that slows or stops the growth of bacteria
brachytherapy
the use of radioactive materials in contact with, or implanted into the tissues to be treated
carcinoma
a malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue
complement
a series of more than 25 complex proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form. activated by contact w/ an antigen they puncture the antigen's cell membrane
cytomegalovirus
a group of large, herpes-type viruses that cause a variety of diseases
cytotoxic
fatal to cells
ductal carcinoma in situ
breast cancer at its earliest stage before the cancer has broken through the wall of the milk duct
hemolytic
distruction of red blood cells
herpes zoster
an acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow the underlying foute of the inflamed nerve
Hodgkin's lymphoma
a malignancy of the lymphatic system that is distinguished from non-Hodgkin's by the presence of reed-sternberg cells
immunodeficiency disorder
a condition that occurs when one or more parts of the immune system are deficient, missing or not working properly
immunoglobulins
secreted by B cells also known as antibodies
immunologist
specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the immune system
immunosuppressant
a substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response
immunotherapy
a treatment of disease by either stimulating or repressing the immune response
infectious mononucleosis
an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus that is characterized by fever, a sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes
infiltrating ductal carcinoma
breast cancer that starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of that duct and invades the surrounding fatty breast tissue aka invasive ductal carcinoma
interferon
produced by the T cells, is a family of proteins whose speciality is fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication
lymphadenitis
inflammation of the lymph nodes; aka swollen glands
lymphadenopathy
any disease process usually envolving the englargement of the lymph nodes
lymphangiography
a radiographic exammination of the lymphatic vessels after an injection of a contrast medium
lymphangioma
a benign tumor caused by a collection of lymphatic vessels
lymphedema
swelling due to an accumulation of an abnormal accumulation of lymph w/in the tissues
lymphocytes
formed in bone marrow as stem cells, are white blood cells that specialize to act as antibodies so they can attack specific antigens
lymphokines
produced by the T cells, direct the immune response by signaling between the cells of the immune system.
lymphoma
a general term applied to malignancies that develop in the lymphatic system
macrophage
protects the body by eating invading cells and by interacting with the other cells of the immune system
metastasis
the noun that describes a new cancer site that results from the spreading process
metastasize
the verb that describes the process by which cancer spreads from one place to another
moniliasis
infections of the skin or mucous membranes caused by the pathogenic yeast candida albicans
myoma
a benign tumor made up of muscle tissue
myosarcoma
a malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
neoplasm
a new and abnormal tissue formation in which the multiplication of cells is uncontrolled, abnormally rapid, and progressive; aka tumor
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
the term used to describe all other lymphomas other than Hodgkin's
oncologist
specializes in diagnosing and treating malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer
oncology
study of malignant disorders such as tumors/cancer
opportunistic infection
pathogen that normally does not cause disease; however if host is dibilitated by another condition the pathogen is able to cause illness in a weakened host
osteosarcoma
a malignant tumor usually involving the upper shaft of long bones, the pelvis, or knee
parasite
plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of that organism
pathogen
microorganism that causes disease
phagocytosis
process by which phagocytes eat and destroy substances
rabies
a viral infection transmitted to humans by the blood, tissue, or saliva of an infected animal
rickettsia
a small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks and mites; causes rocky mountain spotted fever
rubella
a viral infection characterized by a fever and a diffuse, fine, red rash
sarcoma
a malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue
spirochetes
spiral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement, causes lyme disease
splenomegaly
an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
splenorrhagia
bleeding from the spleen
staphylococci
bacteria that form irregular groups or clusters cause pus forming infections
streptococci
bacteria that form a chain causes strep throat
teletherapy
radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body that is precisely targeted w/ the use of 3D computer imaging
BACT
bacteria
BSE
breast self examination
CA
carcinoma
CMV
cytomegalovirus
DCIS
ductal carcinoma in situ
ELISA
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EBV
Epstein-Barr Virus
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
IDC
infiltrating ductal carcinoma, invasive ductal carcinoma
ILC
infiltrating lobular carcinoma, invasive "
MET
metastasis
met
metastasize
TB
tuberculosis