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105 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adip/o, lip/o, steat/o
fat
cutane/o, dermat/o, derm/o
skin
hidr/o, sudor/o
sweat
ichthy/o
dry, scaly
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard; cornea
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o, ungu/o
nail
pil/o, trich/o
hair
scler/o
hardening; sclera(white of eye)
seb/o
sebum, sebaceous
squam/o
scale
xen/o
foreign, strange
xer/o
dry
-cyte
cell
-derma
skin
-logist
specialist in the study of
or/o, stomat/o
mouth
gloss/o, lingu/o
tongue
bucc/o
cheek
cheil/o, labi/o
lip
dent/o, odont/o
teeth
gingiv/o
gum(s)
sial/o
saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o
esophagus
pharyng/o
pharynx(throat)
gastr/o
stomach
pylor/o
pylorus
duoden/o
duodenum (first part of small intestine)
enter/o
intestine (usually small intestine)
jejun/o
jejunum (second part of small intestine)
ile/o
ileum (third part of small intestine)
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
col/o, colon/o
colon
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
rect/o
rectum
proct/o
anus, rectum
an/o
anus
cholangi/o
bile vessel
chol/e
bile, gall
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
bile duct
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
-prandial
meal
nas/o, rhin/o
nose
sept/o
septum
sinus/o
sinus, cavity
adenoid/o
adenoids
tonsill/o
tonsils
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
alveol/o
alveolus
pneum/o, pneumon/o
air; lung
pulmon/o
lung
pleur/o
pleura
anthrac/o
coal, coal dust
atel/o
incomplete; imperfect
coni/o
dust
cyan/o
blue
lob/o
lobe
orth/o
straight
ox/o, ox/i
oxygen
pector/o, steth/o, thorac/o
chest
phren/o
diaphragm; mind
spir/o
breathe
-capnia
carbon dioxide (CO2)
-osmia
smell
-phonia
voice
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
androgen
generic term for an agent, usually a hormone that stimulates activity of the accessory male sex organs or stimulates the development of male characteristics
ductule
a very small duct
hypodermis
subcutaneous tissue layer below the dermis
integument
a covering (the skin) consisting of the epidermis and dermis, or corium
systemic
pertaining to the entire body rather than to one of its individual parts
asymptomatic
without symptoms
defecation
elimination of feces from the gastrointestinal tract through the rectum
duodenal bulb
upper duodenal area just beyond the pylorus
exocrine
pertaining to a gland that secretes outwardly through excretory ducts to the surface of an organ or tissue or into a vessel
friable
easily broken or pulverized
pepsin
enzyme secreted in the stomach that begins the digestion of proteins
punctate
having pinpoint punctures or depressions on the surface; marked with dots
varices
tortuous dilations of a vein
sphincter
circular muscle constricting an orifice, such as the pyloric sphincter around the opening of the stomach into the duodenum
granuloma
any type of nodular, inflammatory lesion; usually small; may be granular, firm, and persistent and may contain compactly grouped mononuclear phagocytes
naris
nostril; opening to the nasal cavity
respiratory failure
inability of the cardiac and pulmonary systems to maintain an adequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs
septum
wall dividing two cavities; for example, the nasal septum that separates the nostrils
sputum
secretions produced in the lungs and bronchi that are expelled by coughing and may conatin such pathological elements as cellular debris, mucus, blood, pus, caseous material, and microorganisms
status asthmaticus
severe, prolonged asthma attack that does not respond to repeated doses of bronchodilators and may lead to repiratory failure and death
surfactant
lipoprotein that decreases the surface tension of alveoli and contributes to their elasticity, thereby reducing the work of breathing
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
leaflet
thin, flattened structure; term used to describe the leaf-shaped structures that compose a heart valve
lumen
tubular space or channel within any organ or structure of the obdy; space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube
malaise
vague, uneasy feeling of body weakness, distress, or discomfort, commonly marking the onset of and persisting throughout a disease
occlusion
blockage in a canal, vessel, or passage of the body; the state of being closed
patent
open and unblocked, such as a patent artery
prophylaxis
preventive measure or technique commonly involving the use of a biologic, chemical, or mechanical agent to destroy or prevent the entry of infectious organisms
viscosity
state of being sticky or gummy
aneurysm/o
a widening, a widened blood vessel
ather/o
fatty plaque
embol/o
plug
hemangi/o
blood vessel
sphygm/o
pulse