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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cardio-
heart
angio-, vaso-
blood vessels
arterio-
atreries
capillo-
capillaries
phlebo-, veno-
veins
hemo-, hemato-
blood
aorto-
aorta
brady-
slow
corono-
coronary
-emia
blood, blood condition
erythro-
red
leuko-
white
tachy-
fast, rapid
thrombo-
clot
aneurysm
a localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery
angiitis
inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel; also known as vasculitis
angina pectoris
episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium; also known as angina
angiostenosis
abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel
antiarrhythmic
meds administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat
anticoagulant
medication that slows coagulation and prevents new clots from forming; also known as a thrombolytic or clot busting drug
antihypertensive
meds administered to lower blood pressure
aplastic anemia
a condition marked by the absence of all formed blood elements
atherectomy
surgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery
atheroma
a deposit of fatty plaque within the arterial wall that is characteristic of atherosclerosis
atherosclerosis
hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a build-up of cholesterol plaque
automated external defibrillator
designed for nonprofessionals, if necessary shocks heart to restore natural cardiac rhythm
bradycardia
an abnormally slow heartbeat, usually 60 beats per minute or less
cardiac arrhythmia
a change in the rhythm of the heartbeat
cardiac catheterization
a diagnostic procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and guided into the heart
cardiomegaly
abnormal enlargement of the heart
cholesterol
a waxy fat-like substance that travels in blood packages called lipoproteins
defibrillation
the use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm; aka cardioversion
digital subtraction angiography
a diagnostic technique that makes it possible to view vascular structures without superimposed bone and soft tissure densities
dyscrasia
any pathological condition of the cellular elements of the blood
electrocardiogram
a record of the electrical activity of the myocardium that is produced by electrocardiography
embolism
the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus
embolus
a foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantitiy of air or gas, or a bit of tissure or tumor, that is circulating in the blood
endarterectomy
the surgical removal of the lining of an artery that is clogged w/ plaque
endocarditis
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
erythrocytes
red blood cells
hemangioma
a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels
hemochromatosis
a genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron; also known as iron-overload disease
hemolytic anemia
the condition in which red blood cells are destroyed more rapidly than the bone marrow can replace them
hemostasis
to stop or control bleeding
hypoperfusion
a deficiency of blood passing thru an organ or body part
ischemic heart disease
a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
leukemia
a malignancy characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal white blood cells found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and in the circulating blood
leukocytes
white blood cells
megoblastic anemia
a blood disorder in which red blood cells are larger than normal
myelodysplastic syndrome
a progressive condition of dysfunctional bone marrow that may eventually develop into leukemia, aka preleukemia
myocardial infarction
the occlusion of one or more coronary arteries resulting in an infarct of the affected myocardium; also known as a heart attack or MI
myocarditis
inflammation of the myocardium
orthostatic hypotension
low blood pressure that occurs at a standing posture
palpitation
a pounding or racing of the heart w/ or w/out irregularity in rhythm
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
an episode that begins and ends abruptly during which there are very rapid and irregular heartbeats that originate in the atrium
pernicious anemia
an autoimmune disorder in which the red blood cells are abnormally formed due to an inability to absorb vitamin B12
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein or veins
plasmapheresis
the removal of whole blood from the body, separation of its cellular elements, and reinfusion of these cellular elements suspended in saline or a plasma substitute
polyarteritis
inflammation of several arteries
Raynaud's phenomenon
intermittent attacks of pallor, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes
septicemia
a systemic disease caused by the spread of microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood aka blood poisoning
tachycardia
an abnormally fast heartbeat usually 100 beast per minute plus
thallium stress test
the assessment of the flow of blood through the heart during activity with the use of the radiopharmaceutical thallium during a stress test
thrombolytic
meds that slow coagulation and prevents new clots from forming aka anticoagulant
thrombosis
the abnormal condition of having a thrombosis
thrombotic occlusion
a blocking of an artery by a thrombosis
AF
atrial fibrillation
BP
blood pressure
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CHF
congestive heart failure
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
DVT
deep vein thrombosis
ECG, EKG
electrocardiogram
Hb
hemoglobin
HDL
high-density lipoprotein
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
MI
myocardial infarction
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
tPA
tissue plasminogen activator
VF
ventricular fibrillation