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65 Cards in this Set

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Plasma
liquid
Blood cells
solid part of blood
Erythrocytes
red blood cells
Leukocytes
white blood cells
Thrombocytes
platlets
Hemocytoblasts
stem cell
Hematopoiesis
growing and maturing of all blood cells
Erythropoiesis
growing and maturing of all red blood cells.
Leukopoiesis
growing and maturing of white blood cells
Thrombopoiesis
growing and maturing of platelets
Reticulocyte
an immature red blood cell
Erythrocytes
have hemoglobin
Hemoglobin
carries oxygen
Leukocytes
fights infection
What are the 5 types of red blood cells?
eosinophils, basophils, neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes.
what do Thrombocytes and platelets do?
help blood to clot
What is plasma?
a chemical communication between yourselves.
What are the 3 plasma proteins?
albumin, globulins, fibrinogen.
What is blood serum?
clotting proteins or fibrogen removed.
What is lymph?
fluid
What does lympgh vessels do?
transports the lymph
What do lymph nodes do?
filters
What does the spleen do?
filters, helps destroy old RBC'S, and stores platelets.
What does the thymus do?
changes lymphocytes to T-cells.
What does the tonsils do?
filter
What is the functions of the lymph system?
to drain fluid from tissue spaces and return it to the blood, transport materials, and transports waste products from body tissues back to the blood stream.
What is the function of the immune system?
helps keep you safe and healthy.
What is acquired?
over time you build up a resistance
what do lymphocytes contain?
T-cells, and B-cells
Antigens
bad, they make you sick
T-cells
comes from thymus and will directly attack the antigen.
B-cells
comes from bone marrow and creates antibodies to fight the antigen.
Anemia
low amount of red blood cells and hemoglobin.
Normocytic
normal red blood cells
Normochromic
normal color of red blood cells
Macrocytic
large red blood cells
microcytic
small red blood cells
hypochromic
decreased color of red blood cells
What does AIDS stand for?
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome
What does HIV stand for?
Human Immundeficiency Virus
Lymphadenopathy
disease of the lymph nodes and glands
Opportunistic infections
when someone goes from HIV to AIDS
What are two examples of Opportunistic infections?
Kaposi's sarcoma
Pneumocystitis carinii pneumonia
What is Autoimmune Disease?
when the body is attacking itself, and one example is lupus.
Exacerbations
systems are getting worse
Latent Periods
symptoms are getting better/ remission
Edema
swelling
Intercellular
between cells
Hemophila
persons blood does not clot and they keep bleeding
What is Infectious monomucleosis?
when a person is very tired and it is caused by Epstein-Barr virus.
What is an allergy?
when the body over reacts to the allergy.
What is Oncology?
the study of tumors or cancer
What is Leukemia?
cancer of the bone marrow
What is Hodgkins disease?
cancer of the lymph nodes
What is RH?
there is an antigen on the Red blood cells, and it is bad when the mom is negative and the baby is positive.
What is plateletpheresis?
removing platelets, and the donor gives the platelets.
Plasmapheresis
removing plasma, and donor gives blood.
Name 2 examples of Anticoagulant Medication?
Aspirin

Warfarin

Heparin

Coumadin
What is Dyscrasia?
abnormal condition of the blood
Hemolysis?
destruction of red blood cells
Hemostasis?
arrest of bleeding or circulation.
Septicemia?
presence of pathogenic bacteria in the blood?
Serology?
the study of blood serum.
Activated Partial Thromboplastin time (APTT)?
A test that screens for deficiencies of some clotting factors.
Complete blood cell count (CBC)?
a series of test that include hemoglobin, hematocrit, red and white blood cell counts.