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179 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
foundation of the word
root
word ending
suffix
links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
combining vowel
combination of the root and the combining vowel
combining form
Read the meaning of medical terms from the _____ back to the _____ of the term and _____.
suffix
beginning
across
Drop the _____ before a suffix beginning with a vowel.
combining vowel (usually o)
Keep the combining vowel between _____.
two roots (e.g. gastroenterology - not gastrenterology)
adeno/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cis/o
to cut
crin/o
to secrete (to form and give off)
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
cyt/o
cell
derm/o
dermat/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestine)
erythro/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
gnos/o
knowledge
gynec/o
woman, female
hemat/o
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
iatr/o
treatment, physician
leuk/o
white
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
ped/o
child
psych/o
mind
radi/o
x-rays
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
sect/o
to cut
thromb/o
clot, clotting
ur/o
urinary tract, urine
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision, removal
-emia
blood condition
-genic
pertaining to
producing, produced by
produced in
-globin
protein
-gram
record
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
-ion
process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-logy
process of study
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy
process of viewing
-osis
condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
-pathy
disease condition
-scope
instrument to visually examine
-scopy
process of visually examining with an endoscope
-sis
state of; condition
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
-y
process, condition
a-, an-
no, not, without
aut-, auto-
self, own
dia-
through, complete
end-, endo-
within
epi-
above, upon
ex-
out
exo-
outside of, outward
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hypo-
deficient, below, under, less than normal
in-
into, in
peri-
surrounding, around
pro-
before, forward
re-
back, backward, again
retro-
behind
sub-
below, under
trans-
across, through
tumor of a gland
adenoma
inflammation of a gland
adenitis
inflammation of a joint
arthritis
process of study of life
biology
removal/viewing living tissue from the body
biopsy
cancerous tumor
carcinoma
process of the study of the heart
cardiology
pertaining to the head
cephalic
pertaining to the cerebrum
cerebral
process of cutting into
incision
process of cutting out
excision
secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
endocrine glands
secrete chemicals through tubes to the outside of the body
exocrine glands
process of the visual examination of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy
process of the study of cells
cytology
inflammation of the skin
dermatitis
under, below the skin
hypodermic
record of electricity in the heart
electrocardiogram (ECG)
record of electricity in the brain
electroencephalogram (EEG)
inflammation of the intestines
enteritis
red blood cell
erythrocyte
removal of the stomach
gastrectomy
stomach incision
gastrotomy
complete knowledge; a decision about the nature of the patient's condition after the appropriate tests are done
diagnosis
prediction about the outcome of an illness
prognosis
process of the study of women (women's diseases)
gynecology
process of the study of blood
hematology
mass/collection of blood
hematoma
blood protein
hemoglobin
inflammation of the liver
hepatitis
adverse side effects that result from the treatment of a physician
iatrogenic
white blood cell
leukocyte
inflammation of the kidney
nephritis
process of the study of the kidney
nephrology
process of the study of nerves
neurology
process of the study of tumors
oncology
one who specializes in the study of tumors
oncologist
instrument for the visual examination of the eye
ophthalmoscope
inflammation of a bone
osteitis
bone and joint inflammation
osteoarthritis
study of disease
pathology
physician specializing in the study of disease
pathologist
pertaining to children
pediatric
study of the mind
psychology
physician specializing in the study of the mind (mental disorders)
psychiatrist
study of x-rays
radiology
pertaining to the kidney
renal
inflammation of the nose
rhinitis
fleshy cancerous, malignant tumor; grows from connective tissue such as muscle, bone, and fat
sarcoma
cancerous tumor that grows from epithelial cells that line the outside of the body or the inside of organs in the body
carcinoma
the process of cutting back, as in cutting out or removal (excision)
resection
cells that help clot blood (also known as platelets)
thrombocyte
the condition of clot formation
thrombosis
blood clot
thrombus
study of the urinary tract
urology
occurs when damage to blood vessels in the cerebrum causes injury to nerve cells of the brain
cerebrovascular accident (CVA); stroke
vascul/o
blood vessels
blood that helps the body fight disease
leukocyte
pertaining to the heart
cardiac
pertaining to the nerves
neural
joint pain
arthralgia
pain of the nervous system
neuralgia
red blood cell
erythrocyte
removal of the kidney
nephrectomy
a condition of blood in which cancerous white blood cells proliferate
leukemia
cancer producing
carcinogenic
disease producing
pathogenic
produced by a physician
iatrogenic
blood protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells
hemoglobin
pertaining to the stomach
gastric
record of brain electricity
electroencephalogram
pertaining to the study of the nervous system
neurologic
process of cutting
excision
bladder inflammation
cystitis
liver tumor
hepatoma
kidney condition
nephrosis
white blood cell condition
leukocytosis
disease of the intestines
enteropathy
gland disease (enlargement)
adenopathy
instrument to look within
endoscope
bone incision
osteotomy
study of the stomach and intenstines
gastroenterology
a decreased number of erhthrocytes or an abnormality of the hemoglobin within the RBCs
anemia
process of "viewing by oneself"
autopsy
visualization of the interior of organs and cavities of the body
endoscopy
above the stomach
epigastric
outermost layer of skin
epidermis
the membrane that surrounds the heart
pericardium
high blood sugar because of a lack of insulin
type 1 diabetes
high blood sugar because of ineffective insulin
type 2 diabetes
the hormone normally released by the pancreas to "escort" sugar from the bloodstream into cells
insulin
frequent urination
polyuria
sugar in the urine
glycosuria
nerve damage
neuropathy
kidney disease
nephropathy