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757 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
@
at
a
before
ABE
actute bacterial endocarditis
ADA
American Diabetic Association
A Fib.
Atrial fibrillation
A
Assessment
A&P
Auscultation and percussion
A/G ratio
alubumin-globulin ratio
A2
Aortic valve closure
AAA
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
AAL
Anterior Axillary line
AAPA
American Academy of Physician Assistants
AB or ab
Abortion
Abd
Abdomen
ABGs
Arterial Blood gases
ABO
Three main blood types
ac
Before meals (ante cibum)
ACLS
Advanced Cardiac Life support
ACTA
automated computerized transverse axial scanner
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Ad lib
as desired
AD
Right ear (auris dextra)
ADH
Antidiuretic hormone
ADHD
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADL
Activities of Daily living
Adm
Admission
ARDS
acute respiratory distress syndrome
AF
Atrial fibrillation
AFB
acid fast bacillus
Afeb
Afebrile
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein
AgNO3
Silver nirtrate
AHA
American Heart Association
AI
Aortic insufficiency
AIDS
Aquired Immunodeficiency syndrome
AKA
Above the knee amputation
Alb
albumin
A-line
arterial line
Alk phos (AP)
alkaline phosphatase
ALL
actute lymphocytic leukemia
ALS
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
ALT
alanine transaminase (formally known as SGPT)
AMA
Against Medical Advice
American Medical Association
Amb
ambulate, ambulatory
AML
Acute myelocytic (myelogenous) leukemia
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein
AgNO3
Silver nirtrate
AHA
American Heart Association
AI
Aortic insufficiency
AIDS
Aquired Immunodeficiency syndrome
AKA
Above the knee amputation
Alb
albumin
A-line
arterial line
Alk phos (AP)
alkaline phosphatase
ALL
actute lymphocytic leukemia
ALS
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
ALT
alanine transaminase (formally known as SGPT)
AMA
Against Medical Advice
American Medical Association
Amb
ambulate, ambulatory
AML
Acute myelocytic (myelogenous) leukemia
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein
AgNO3
Silver nirtrate
AHA
American Heart Association
AI
Aortic insufficiency
AIDS
Aquired Immunodeficiency syndrome
AKA
Above the knee amputation
Alb
albumin
A-line
arterial line
Alk phos (AP)
alkaline phosphatase
ALL
actute lymphocytic leukemia
ALS
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
ALT
alanine transaminase (formally known as SGPT)
AMA
Against Medical Advice
American Medical Association
Amb
ambulate, ambulatory
AML
Acute myelocytic (myelogenous) leukemia
Amp
ampule
ANA
antinuclear antibody
Anes
Anesthesia
Angio
angiography
A&P
anterior and posterior
Aniso
anisocytosis
ANL
Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia
Ant
Anterior
A&O x3
Alert and oriented times three(person, place, and time)
AP, A/P
Anteroposterior
APAP
Association of Physician Assistant Programs
AR
Aortic regurgitation
ARC
Accreditation Review Committee
ARC-PA
Accreditation Review Committee on the Education for the Physician Assistant
ARF
Acute Renal failure
AROM
Active Range of motion
ATN
Acute tubular necrosis
AS
Aortic stenosis
ASA
Acetylsalicylic acid (asprin)
ASAP
as soon as possible
ASD
Arterial septal defect
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASO
Antistreptolysin-O titer
AST
Aspartate aminotransferase (formally known as SGOT)
AU
Both ears
AV
arteriovenous, atrioventricular
AVR
aortic valve replacement
Augmented electrocardiography lead
AZT
azidothymidine (Zidovudine)
Ba
Barium
Bands
Banded neutrophils
Baso
Basophils
BBB
Bundle branch block
BC
bone conduction
BE
barium enema
bid
twice a day
bil
bilateral
Bili (T/D)
bilirubin (total and direct)
Biop
biopsy
BKA
Below the knee amputation
BM
bowel movement
BMR
basal metabolic rate
BP
blood pressure
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy
bpm
beats per minute
BPV
benign postural vertigo
BRP
bathroom privileges
BRBPR
bright red blood per rectum (hematochezia)
Bronch
bronchoscopy
B.S.
breath sounds
bowel sounds
BSO
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
BSP
bromsulphalein
BT
bleeding time
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
Bx
biopsy
C
Celsius or centigrade
c (with a line above it)
with
C1, C2
first and second cervial vertebra
CA
Cancer carcinoma
Chronological age
Cardiac arrest
Ca
Calcium
CAAHEP
Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs
CABG
coronary artery bypass
CAD
coronary artery disease
Cal
calories
Caps
capsule(s)
CASHD
coronary artherosclerotic heart disease
Cath
catheter, catheterization
CAT scan
computerized axial tomography
CBC, c.b.c
complete blood count
CBC c(line above) diff
complete blood count with differential count
cc
cubic centimeter
C.C.
chief complaint
CCU
coronary care unit
CDC
centers for disease control
CEA
carcinoembryonic antigen
CEO
chief executive officer
CF
cystic fibrosis
CHB
complete heart block
CHD
coronary heart disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
Chol
Cholesterol
chr
chronic
CIN
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CIS
carcinoma in situ
CK
Creatine kinase
Cl
Chloride
CLD
chronic liver disease
CLL
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
cl. liq
clear liquids
cm
centimeter
CME
continuing medical education
CMG
cystometrogram
CML
chronic myelogenous leukemia
CMV
cytomegalovirus
CN
Cranial nerve(s)
CNM
certified nurse midwife
CNS
central nervous system
C.O
cardiac output
c/o
complains of
CO2
carbon dioxide
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
cond
condition
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP
chest pain
CPA
costophrenic angle
CPAP
continuous positive airway pressure
CPD
cephalopelvic disproportion
CPK
creatine phosphokinase
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF
chronic renal failure
creat.
creatinine
CS
cesarean section
C&S
culture and sensitivity
CSF
cerebral spinal fluid
C-section
cesarean section
C-spine
cervical spine films
CTA
clear to auscultation
CTS
carpal tunnel syndrome
CT scan
computed tomography
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
costovertebral angle
CVAT
costovertebral angle tenderness
CVP
central venous pressure
CVS
cardiovascular system
CXR
chest xray
Cx
cervix
cysto
cystoscopy
D/C
discontinue
D&c
dilatation and curettage
DDI
didanosine
DEA
drug enforcement agency
Derm.
dermatology
DES
Diffuse esophogeal spasm
Diethylstillbestrol
DI
diabetes insipidus
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation
diff.
differential count (white blood cells)
Dig.
digoxin: digitalis
DIP
distal interphalangeal joint
dl
deciliter
DJD
degenerative joint disease
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
DLE
descoid lupus erythmatosus
DM
diabetes mellitus
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DOA
dead on arrival
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DOB
date of birth
DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
DR
Delivery room
DRG
diagnosis-related group
DSA
digital subtraction angiography
DSD
Dry sterile dressing
DSM
diagnostic and statistical manuel of mental disorders
DTs
delirium tremens
DTR
deep tendon reflexes
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DVT
deep vein thrombosis
Dx
diagnosis
EBL
estimated blood loss
EBV
Epstein-Barr virus
ECF
extended care facilty
ECG
electrocardiogram
ECHO
echocardiography
ECMO
extracorporeal membrane circulation
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
ED
emergency department
EDC
estimated date of confinement
EEG
electroencephalogram
EENT
eyes, ears, nose, and throat
EGD
Esophoagogastroduodenoscopy
EKG
electrocardiogram
ELISA
enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (Aids test)
elix.
elixer
EM
emergency medicine
electron microscope
EMG
electromyogram
ENT
ears, nose, throat
EOM
extraocular movement
eos, eosins
eosinophils
ER
emergency room
estrogen receptor
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography
ERT
estrogren replacement therapy
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD
end stage renal disease
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
ET
endotracheal tube
ETA
estimated time of arrival
etiol.
etiology
exc.
excision
Expl. Lap.
Exploratory laparotomy
ext.
external
F
Fahrenheit
FCAP
Fellow, american college of Physicians
FACS
Fellow, American College of Surgeons
FB
foreign body
fingerbreadth
FBS
fasting blood sugar
FDA
Food and Drug Administration
Fe
iron
FEF
forced expiratory flow
FEV
forced expiratory volume
FH
Family history
FHT
fetal heart tones
FROM
full range of motion/movement
FSH
follicle-stimulation hormone
FTA
fluorescent treponemal antibody
FTT
failure to thrive
F/U
follow-up
FUO
fever of unknown/undetermined origin
FVC
forced vital capacity
Fx
fracture
fx urine
fractional urine
G
gravida
g
gram
Ga
gallium
GB
gallbladder
GBS
gallbladder series (xray)
GC
gonorrhea
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
GFR
glomerular filtration rate
GH
growth hormone
GI
gastrointestinal
Glu
glucose
gm
gram
Grav. 1, 2, 3
first, second, third pregnancy
GSW
gunshot wound
GTT
glucose tolerance test
gt., gtt
drop, drops
GU
genitourinary
GYN
gynecology
h
hour
HA
headache
HCFA
health Care financing Administration
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
Hcl
hydrochloride
HCO3
bicarbonate
Hct.
hematocrit
HDL
high density lipoprotein
HEENT
head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
Hg
mercury
Hgb
hemoglobin
hGH
human growth hormone
H&H
hematocrit and hemoglobin
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
HJR
hepatojugular reflux
HMO
health maintenance organization
HMSA
health manpower shortage area
h/o
history of
H&P
history and physical
HPDP
health promotion and disease prevention
hpf
high-power field
HPI
history of present illness
HPV
human papilloma virus
HR
heart rate
qhs
at bedtime
HSV
herpes simplex virus
HTN
hypertension
hx
history
H2O
water
H202
hydrogen peroxide
I
iodine
131I
radioactive isotope of iodine
IBD
inflammatory bowel disease
IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
ICCU
intensive coronary care unit
ICP
intracranial pressure
ICU
intensive care unit
ID
infectious diseases
I&D
incision and drainage
IDDM
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IHSS
idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
IM
intramuscular
Imp.
impression
IMV
intermittent mandatory ventilation
inc
incistion
inf.
infusion
inferior
INH
isoniazid
inj.
injection
I&O
intake and output
IOL
intraocular lens
IOP
intraocular pressure
IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing
I.Q
intelligence quotient
IRDS
infant respiratory distress syndrome
IUD
intrauterine device
IUP
intrauterine pregnancy
IV
intravenous
IVF
in vitro fertilization
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
IV push
intravenous push
IVSD
interventricular septal defect
JCAHCO
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations
JVD
jugular venous distention
JVP
jugular venous pressure
K
potassium
KCl
Potassium chloride
kg
kilogram
KS
Kaposi's sarcoma
KUB
kidney, ureter, bladder (xray)
KVO
keep vein open
L
liter
left
L1, L2
first, second lumbar vertebra
LA
left atrium
LAD
left anterior descending (coronary artery)
lab
laboratory
lac
laceration
LAD
left axis deviation
lap.
laparotomy
lat, Lat.
lateral
LBBB
left bundle branch block
LCM
left costal margin
LD, LDH
lactate dehydrogenase
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
LE
lupus erythmatosus
LES
lower esophageal sphincter
LFT's
liver function tests
LGA
large for gestational age
LH
leutinizing hormone
LLE
lower left extremity
LLL
lower left lobe (lung)
LLQ
lower left quadrant (abd)
LMP
last menstural period
LNMP
last normal menstrual period
LN, ln
lymph node
LOC
loss of consciousness
LOM
limitation of motion
LP
lumbar puncture
LPN
licensed practical nurse
L/R
Lactated Ringers
LS
lumbrosacral spine
LSD
lysergic acid diethylamide
LT
left
LUE
left upper extremity
LUL
left upper lobe
LUQ
left upper quadrant
LV
left ventricle
LVH
left ventricular hypertrophy
L&W
living and well
lymphs
lymphocytes
lytes
electrolytes
m
murmur
MA
mental age
MAI
Mycobacterium avium intracellulare
MAO
monoamine
MAOI
monoamine inhibitor
mcg
microgram
MCH
mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCL
midclavicular line
MCP
metacarpophalangeal
MCV
mean corpuscular volume
mEq
millequivalent
mEq/L
millequivalent per liter
mets
metastases
MG
myasthenia gravis
mg
milligram
mg/cc
milligram per centimeter
mg/dl
milligram per deciliter
MH
marital history
MI
myocardial infarction
mitral insufficiency
ml
milliliter
mm
millimeter
mmHG
millimeters of mercury
MMPI
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality inventory
MMSE
mini-mental state examination
MOM
milk of magnesia
Mono
mononucleosis
mono
monocyte
MP
metacarpophalangeal
MR
mitral regurgitation
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
mRNA
messanger RNA
MS
mitral stenosis
multiple sclerosis
morphine sulphate
MSH
melanocyte-stimulating hormone
MSL
midsternal line
MTX
methotrexate
MUGA
multiple-gated acquisition scan
multip
multipara, multiparous
MVA
motor vehicle accident
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
MVR
mitral valve replacement
myelo.
myelogram
N
nitrogen
Na
sodium
N/A
not applicable
NAB
no active bleeding
NAD
no acute distress
NBME
national board of Medical examiners
NCCPA
national commission on Certification of physician assistants
ND
normal development
normal delivery
NEC
necrotizing enterocolitis
neg.
negative
neuro
neurological
NG
nasogastric
NG tube
nasogastric tube
NHSC
national health service corps
NIDA
national institute of drug abuse
NIDDM
non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIOSH
national institute for occupational safety and health
NKA
no known allergies
NKDA
no known drug allergies
nitro
nitroglycerine
NM
nuclear medicine
NP
nurse practitioner
NPH
neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin
NPO
nothing by mouth
NS
normal saine
NSAID
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSVD
normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
NT
nasotracheal
NTG
nitroglycerine
N&V
nausea and vomiting
N/V/D
nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
O
objective
O2
oxygen
OA
osteoarthritis
OB/GYN
obstetrics and gynecology
OBS
organic brain syndrome
Obst.
obstruction
OCPs
oral contraceptive pills
OD. O.D.
right eye
overdose
OGTT
oral glucose tolerance test
17-OH
17-hydroxycorticosteriods
oint
ointment
O.M.
otitis media
OOB
out of bed
O&P
ova and parasites
OP
operation
O.P.
out patient
Ophth.
ophthamology
OR
operating room
ORIF
open reduction and internal fixation
ORTHO, ortho
orthopedics
OS, O.S
left eye
os
opening, mouth, bone
OSHA
occupational safety and health administration
OT
occupational therapy
OU
both eyes
oz.
ounce
P
plan
phosphorus
pulse
P2
pulmonary valve closure
PA
posteroanterior
P&A
percussion and ausculatation
PAC
premature atrial contraction
PA-C
Physician Assistant, certified
PaCO2, pCO2
partial pressure of carbon dioxide
Palp.
palpation, palpable
PaO2, pO2
partial pressure of oxygen
Pap smear
Papanicolaou's smear
PARU
postanesthesia recovery unit
Para 1, 2, 3
unipary, bipara, tripara (number of live biths)
PAT
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
Path
pathology
PBI
protein bound iodine
pc
after meals
PCP
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PCWP
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD
peritoneal dialysis
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PDR
physician's desk reference
PE
physical examination
Pulmonary embolus
Peds
pediatrics
PEEP
positive end-expiratory pressure
PEFR
peak expiratory flow rate
PEG
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
per os
by mouth
PERRL
pupils equal, round and reactive to light
PET
positron emission tomography
PFT's
pulmonary function tests
PH
past history
pH
hydrogen ion concentration
PI
present illness
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP
proximal interphalangeal joint
P.I.P.
peak inspiratory pressure
pit.
pituitary
PKU
phenylketonuria
PM
post mortem
PMH
past medical history
PMI
point of maximal impluse
PMN
polymorphonuclear leukocyte
PMP
previous menstrual period
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
p.o
by mouth
pos
positive
postop
postoperative
PP
postpartum
PPBS
postprandial blood sugar
PPD
purified protein derivative
PPO
preferred provider organization
preop
preoperative
prg.
prognosis
Primip
primipara
PRL
prolactin
prn
as required
procto.
proctoscopy
Pro. time
prothrombin time
PSA
prostatic specific antigen
PSP
phenylsulfonphthalein
PSPA
pennsylvania society of Phyisican assistants
PT
prothrombin time
P.T.
physical therapy
pt.
patient
PTA
prior to admission
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH
parathyroid hormone
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
PUD
peptic ulcer disease
PVC
premature ventricular concraction
PVD
peripheral vascular disease
Px
physical examination
Q
each, every
qam
every morning
qd
every day
qh
every hour
qhs
every night, at bedtime
q.i.d.
four times a day
qns
quantity not sufficient
qod
every other day
qpm
every evening
R, r, rt
right
R
respiration
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
right atrium
Ra
radium
RAI
radioactive iodine
rad
radiation absorbed dose
RBC
red blood cells
red blood cell count
RCM
right costal margin
RCM
right costal margin
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
REM
rapid eye movement
retic
reticulocyte count
RF
rheumatoid factor
rheumatic fever
Rh
Rhesus (monkey) factor in blood
RHD
rheumatic heart disease
R/I
Rule in
RAI
radioimmunoassay
RBBB
right bundle branch block
RLL
right lower lobe
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RML
right middle lobe
R.N.
registered nurse
RNA
ribonucleic acid
R/O
rule out
ROM
range of motion
ROS
review of systems
RPR
rapid plasma regain (test for syphilis)
RR
recovery room
RT
right
radiation therapy
R.T.
respiratory therapy
RUL
right upper lobe
RUQ
right upper quadrant
RV
right ventricle
Rx
Treatment, therapy, prescription
s(with line)
without
s(line)s(line)
one-half
S1, S2, S3, S4
heart sounds
S1, S2, etc
first, second sacral vertebra
SA
sinoatrial
SAAAPA
student academy of the American Acadamy of Physician Assistants
SAD
seasonal affective disorder
SAH
subarachnoid hemorrhage
SBE
subacute bacterial endocarditis
Sed. rate
sedimentation rate
segs
segmented neutrophils, polys
SDH
subdural hematoma
SGA
small for gestational age
SGOT
serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (AST)
SGPT
serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (ALT)
SH
social history
SIADH
syndrome of inapporpriate antidiuretic hormone
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
sig.
let it be labeled (directions for a perscription)
SLE
systemic lupus erythmatosus
SMA#
blood chemistry tests
SMAC
sequential multiple analyzer computer
SNF
skilled nursing facility
SOAP
Subjective, objective, assessment plan
SOB
shortness of breath
sol.
solution
sono.
sonography
sos
if necessary
S/P
status post (refers to a previous disease condition)
SPECT
single-photon emission computed tomography
SpG
specific gravity
SR
sustained release
SSE
soap suds enema
Staph.
staphylococus
stat
immediately
STD
sexually transmitted disease
STH
somatotrophin (growth hormone)
Strep.
streptococcus
Subq.
subcutaneous
subling.
sublingual
supp.
suppository
surg.
surgical
sut.
suture
SVC
superiour vena cava
SVD
spontaneous vaginal delivery
SVT
supraventricular tachycardia
T
temperature
T1, T2
thoracic vertebra
T3
triiodothyronine test
T4
thyroxine test
TA
therapeutic action
T&A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
tab
tablet
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TAT
thematic appreciation test
TB
tuberculosis
Tc
technicium
T&C
type and crossmatch
T cells
lymphocytes produced by the thymus gland
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TFT
thyroid function test
TIA
Transient ischemic attack
TIBC
total iron binding capacity
tid
three times a day
tinc
tincture
TLC
total lung capacity
TMs
tympanic membranes
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
TNI
total node irradiation
TNM
tumor, nodes, metastases (cancer staging)
tomos
tomograms
TOP
termination of pregnancy
top.
topically
TORCH
toxoplasmosis, rubella, CMV, herpes
tPA
tissue plasminogen activator
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
TPR
temperature, pulse, respiration
TR
tricuspid regurgitation
Trig.
triglycerides
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
T.T.
tetanus toxoid
TUR, TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
TV
tidal volume
Tx
treatment
U
unit
UA, U/A
urinalysis
UC
uterine contractions
UE
upper extremity
UGI
upper gastrointestinal series
umb.
umbilical
U/O
urinary output
Ur.
urine
URI
upper respiratory infection
Urol
urology
US, U/S
ultrasound
USP
United States Pharmacopoeia
UTI
urinary tract infection
UV
ultraviolet
VA
visual acuity
Vag.
vaginal, vagina
Vag. Hyst.
vaginal hysterectomy
vasc.
vascular
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram
VD
venereal disease
VDRL
venereal disease research laboratories
VF
visual field
ventricular fibrillation
V. fib
ventricular fibrillation
via
by route
VIP
voluntary interruption of pregnancy
vit.
vitamin
VLDL
very low density lipoprotein
V.O.
verbal orders
VPCs
ventricular premature contractions
V/Q scan
ventilation-perfusion scan
VS
vital signs
VSD
ventricular septal defect
VT
ventricular tachycardia
WAIS
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
WBC, wbc
white blood cell
WBC/hpf
white blood cells per high-power field
WD
well developed
WDWN
well developed, well nourished
W-E
wide excision
WISC
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
WN
well nourished
WPW
Wolff-Parkinsons-White syndrome
Wt
weight
X, x
times
X-match
crossmatch (blood)
y/o
year(s) old