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81 Cards in this Set

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temporals
lifts the jawbone (manidible)
fascilcles
cells held together by fascilcles (bundles) by connecitve tissue
fascia
covering each muscle is a shealth of connective tissue or (fasia)
tendons
The origin of a tendon is where it joins to a muscle
neuromuscular junction (NMJ)
A neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is the synapse or junction of the axon terminal
muscle action
skeletal muscle are stimulated to contract by motor neurons of the nervous system
flexion
closing the angle at a joint, (beding at the knee or elbow)
extension
opening the angle at a joint (straighting at the knee or elbow)
abduction
movement away from the midline of the body (outward movement of the arms at the shoulders)
adduction
movement toward the midline of the body (return of lifted arms to the body)
rotation
turning of a body part on its own axis (turning of the forearm from the elbow)
circumduction
circular movement from a central point (describing a circle with an outstretched arm)
pronation
turning downward (turning the palm of the hand downward)
supination
turnin upward, (turning the palm of the hand upward)
eversion
turning outward, (turning the sole of the foot outward)
inversion
turning inward (turning the sole of the foot inward)
dorsiflexion
bending backward, (moving the foot so that the toes point upward, away from the sole of the foot)
plantar flexion
bending the sole of the foot, (pointing the toes downward)
actin
The protein actin is one of the most highly conserved throughout evolution because it interacts with a large number of other proteins, with 80.2% sequence conservation at the gene level between Homo sapiens and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (a species of yeast), and 95% conservation of the primary structure of the protein product.
my/o
muscle, (myositis) inflammation of the muscle.
muscul/o
muscle (ex.musculotropic) acting on or attached to muscle tissue
in/o
FIBER (ex.inosclerosis), hardening of tissue from an increase of fibers
fasci/0
FASCIA (ex. fasciodesis), binding (suture) ofa fascia to a tendon or other fasia
ten/o, tendin/o
TENDON (ex.tenostosis), ossification of tendon
ten/tendin/o
TENDON (ex tenostosis) ossification of a tendon
ton/o
TONE (cardiotonic) having a stengthening action on the heart
erg/o
WORK (ex ergommics) study of the efficient use of energy to work
kin/o, kine, kinesi/o, kinet/o
MOVEMENT (ex kinesis) movement (adjective kinetic)
atony
lack of muscle tone
tenodesis
binding or fusion of tendon
dyskinesia
Abnormity of movement
myalgia
pain in a muscle
musculotendinous
pertaining to muscle and tendon
polymyositis
a disease of unknow cause involving muscle inflammation and weakness
strain
trauma to a muscle because of overuse of excessive stretch if severe, may involve tearing of muscle, bleeding, or separation of muscle from its tendon or separation of a tendon from bone.
deltoid
triangular muscle that covers the shoulder
pectoralis major
large muscle of the upper chest
latissimus dorsi
large muscle across the back below the trapezius
gastrocnemius
main muscle of the calf
gluteus maximus
main muscle of the buttocks
dystrophy
waising of tissue
ergograph
instrument for measuring muscle work
inotropic
acting on muscle fibers
bradykinesia
slowness of movement
dystonia
abnormal muscle tone
glycogen
complex sugar stored in muscles
tetany
muscular spasms and cramps
isometric
type of muscle contraction
creatine
a substance that stores energy in muscle cells
lactic acid
substances that accumlates in muscles working anaerobically (Anaerobic is a technical word which literally means without air (where "air" is generally used to mean oxygen)
aponeurosis
flat white sheetlike tendon
ataxia
lack of muscle coordination
rhabdomyolysis
disease involving destruction of muscle cells
clonus
intermittent muscle contractions
kinesthesia
awareness of movement
torticollis
wryneck, Torticollis, or wry neck, is a condition in which the head is tilted toward one side, and the chin is elevated and turned toward the opposite side.
arthetosis
condition marked by slow, twisting movements,Athetosis
spasm
sudden involuntary muscle contractions
tetanus
acute infectious disease that affects muscles,
avulsion
a forcible tearing away of a part.
a-
lack of
troph/o
nurishment
-ic
pertaining to
shen/o
strength
-ia
condition of
dys
abnormal
syn
together
erg/o
work
-ia
condion of
olfactory
carries impulses for the sense of smell
optic
carries the impulses of vision
oculomotor
controls a muscle of the eyeball
truchlear
contols a muscle of the eyeball
prigeminal
carries sensory impules from the face, controls chewing muscle.
abducens
controls a muscle of the eyeball
facial
controls muscles of facial expressions, salvary glands, and tear glands, conducts some impulses for taste
glossopharyngeal
The glossopharyngeal nerve is the ninth of twelve cranial nerves. It exits the brainstem out from the sides of the upper medulla, just rostral (closer to the nose) to the vagus nerve.
ventibulocochlear
conducts impulses fro hearing and equilbrium, also called auditory at acoustic nerve
vagus
supplies most organs of thorax and abdomen, controls digestive secrections
spinal accessory
contols musles of the neck
hypoglassal
controls muscld of for the tongue.