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108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
head
large ball-shaped end of a long bone
neck
narrow area that seperated the head of a bone from the shaft
condyle
smooth rounded portion at the end of a bone
epicondyle
projection located above or on a condyle
trochanter
large rought process on the femur for the attachment of muscle
tubercle
rough process that provides the attachment of tendons and muscles
sinus
hollow cavity within a bone
foramen
smooth round opening for nerves and blood vessels
fossa
shallow cavity or depression on the surface of a bone
fissure
a slit-type opening
bones
functions are to support, protection, movement, storage of minerals and production of blood
periosteum
outermost covering of bone
epiphysis
end of a long bone
diaphysis
shaft/main part of bone
bone marrow
production of red blood cells
zygomatic
cheeckbone
maxillary
upper jaw bone
mandible
lower jaw bone
true ribs
1-7 attached in front to sternum
false ribs
8-10 attached to cartilage that joins with sternum
floating ribs
11-12 not attached in front
sternum
breastbone
manubrium
upper portion of the sternum
xiphod
lower portion of the sternum
clavicle
collarbone
scapula
shoulder blade
acromion
extension of the scapula that forms the high point of the shoulder (tip of shoulder)
humerus
upper arm
radius
thumb side of the forearm (lower arm bone)
ulna
little finger side of the forearm (lower arm bone)
olecranon process
elbow
carpals
wrist
metacarpals
hands
phalanges
fingers
fingers
distal, medial, proximal (nearest hand)
thumb
distal proximal
acetabulum
hip socket
femur
upper leg bone
patella
knee cap
popiteal
back of knee
tibia
shin bone - large bone of lower leg
fibula
smaller bone of lower leg
tarsals
ankle
malleolus
rounded bony protrusion on each side of the ankle (medial and lateral)
calcaneal
heel bone
metatarsals
foot
phalanges
toes
big/great toe
distal and proximal (closer to foot)
lamina
part of the posterior portion of the vertebrae
pelvic girdle
ilium, ischium, and pubis
joints/articulations
connections between bones
suture joints
are not moveable, like in the skull
synovial joints
are moveable, like ball and socket, and hinge
ball and socket
movement in any direction hip and shoulder
hinge joint
movement in one direction, knee and elbow
bursa
sac that acts as custion to ease movement in areas subject to friction (elbow, shoulder) Lined with synovial membrane with synovial fluid
meniscus
curved fibrous cartilage in some joints like knee and temporomandibular
strated or skeletal muscle
voluntary muscle
smooth or visceral muscle
involuntary muscle
cardiac muscle
looks like striated, acts like smooth
fascia
covering of muscle
tendon
attaches muscles to bone
ligaments
attaches bone to bone
aponeurosis
large tendon
flexor
bends
extensor
straightens
pectoral
chest
rectus
straight
oblique
at an angle
transverse
accross
sphincter
ringlike muscles
bicepts
two divisions
tricepts
three divisions
quadricepts
four divisions
maximus
large
minimus
small
deltoid
shaped like triangle (delta - greek letter)
major
important
levator
lift
depressor
lower
fracture
broken bone
closed/simple fracture
broken bone, not through skin
open/compund fracture
broken bone through skin
comminuted
bone shattered into pieces
impacted
one bone shoved into another bone
greenstick fracture
bone breaks on one side and bends on the other
hairline fracture
incomplete break
pathological fracture
fracture caused by disease
Colles' fracture
fracture of the wrist (lower end of the radius)
reduction
treatment for a fracture
closed reduction
manipulating the fracture externally
open reduction
requires surgery and usuallly uses internal fixation (pins, screws..to hold bones together)
external fixation
rod internally and protrudes externally
osteoporosis
porous bone
scoliosis
curvature of spine
kyphosis
humpback
lordosis
swayback
spinal bifida
hole in spine spinal column did not close completely
rheumatoid arthritis
inflammation of joints
osteoarthritis
inflammation of bones and joints
gout
too much uric acid collects in joints
Ewing's sarcoma
bone cancer
ergonomics
makes the work place better split keyboard, breaks, furniture
crepitation
grinding noise when cartilage and bone rub together
electomyography EMG
process of recording electricity of muscle
sprain
injury
strain
over use of muscles no injury
talipes
deformity of foot - clubfoot