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152 Cards in this Set

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Accessory organs of the Integumentary System
Sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair, nails

Skin is included in system but not an accessory
Integument
skin
Pathogens
disease causing organisms
Sensory receptors
detect tempature, pain touch, and pressure. Located in the skin
Skin glands
sweat and sebaceous
Sweat gland
assist the body in maintaining internal tempature cooling effect when sweat evaporates
Sebaceous glands
Oil gland produce sebum
Sebum
Produced by the sebaceous gland lubricates the skin
Membrane types
Epithelial membranes and Connective tissue membranes
Epithelial membranes
superficial layer of epithelial tissue and underlying layer of connective tissue
Connective tissue membrane
containes only connective tissue
types of epithlial membranes
Cutaneous membrane
Serous membranes
Mucous membranes
Cutaneous membrane
another term for skin
Serous membranes
lines body cavity. Secretes a thin watery fluid to lubercate and reduce friction when organs rub against each other
Mucous membranes
lines body passages that open directly to the exterior of the body. Example Mouth , reproductive tract. Secrete a sticky fluid called mucus to trap pathogens
Synovial membranes
most common connective tissue membrane. lining found in joint capsules, secrete fluid for joints
Layers of skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Subcutaneous
Subcutaneous
innermost layer of the skin containing fatty tissue
Epidermis
Thin outermost membrane layer of the skin
No blood supply or connective tissue
Dermis
the middle layer of the skin, fibrous connective tissue layer

Meaning = "True skin"
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
the flat scale like squamous cells overlapping in a strata layer makes up the epidermis
Basal layer
deepest layer of the epidermis. Cells here continually grow and multiply
Keratin
hard protein that fills old cells as they get pushed to the outerlayer, skrink and die. These cells make the skin waterproof
Melanocytes
special cells in the basal layer produce black pigment
Melanin
Produce black pigment responsible for the color of skin protects from ultraviolet rays
Corium
also known as dermis
Collagen fibers
dermis is composed of these living connective tissues
located in the dermis
Hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, blood vessels, lymph vessels, sensory receptors, nerve fibers, and muscle fibers.
Lipocytes
layer of tissue found in the subcutaneous layer acts as insulation for heat and cold
Hair follicle
the hair shaft grows toward the surface inside this
Hair root
these deep cells force older keratinized cells to move upward forming the hair shaft
Hair shaft
formed by the hair root pusing older keratinized cells upward
Nail body
flat plate of keratin covering the ends of fingers and toes
Nail bed
connects the nail body to the tissue underneath
Nail root
found at the base of the nail the nail grows from here
Cuticle
soft tissue that covers and protects the nail root
Free edge
esposed edge of the nail
Lunula
light half moon at the base of the nail
Cyanosis
Deoxygenated blood that is very dark purple-red
Sweat duct
sweat travels throught the surface through this
Sweat pore
surface opening of a sweat duct
Apocrine glands
found in the pubis and underarm area secretes thicker sweat with an ordor if in contact with bacteria
Macule
Primary Skin lesion
flat change of color less than 1 cm
Example freckles
Papule
Primary Skin lesion
Elevated solid no color change smaller than .5 cm
Nodule
Primary Skin lesion
Elevated solid deeper than a papule .5 to 2 cm
Vesicle
Primary Skin lesion
Elevated, fluid filled, round or oval, thin translucent borders smaller than .5 cm
Example Herpes, chicken pox
Wheal
Primary Skin lesion
Elevated, reddish irregular border
Example: bites, hives
Pustule
Primary Skin lesion
Elevated, puss filled vesicle Size varies
Example: acne, impetigo
Cyst
Primary Skin lesion
Elevated encapsulated fliud mass from the subcutaneous or dermis layer 1 cm or larger
Ulcer
Secondary Skin lesion
Deep irregular shape of skin loss in dermis or subcutaneous
Example decubitus ulcer
Fissure
Secondary Skin lesion
Linear crack with sharp edges into dermis
Example corner of mouth
Cicatrix
Secondary Skin lesion
flat irregular connective tissue after a lesion or wound healed
Keloid
Secondary Skin lesion
Elevated irregular darkened area of excess scar caused by extra collagen formation
Abrasion
scraping away of the skin surface by friction
Abscess
collection of pus in the skin
albino
genetic condition person does not make melanin. White hair and skin red pupils
alopecia
absence or loss of hair
Comedo
Collection of hardened sebum in the hair follicle. Also called blackhead
Contusion
injury caused by blow to body
sweeling, pain, bruising no skin broken
Decubitus Ulcer
Open sore from pressure on bony prominences cutting off blood. Bead sore or Pressure sore
depigmentation
loss of normal skin color or pigment
Dermatologist
MD specializing in the integumentary system.
Diaphoresis
profuse sweating
Ecchymosis
Skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin. Bruise
Erythema
Redness or flushing of the skin
Frostbite
Effect of freezing on the body
hemangioma
benign tumor of dialated blood vessels
hirsutism
Excess hair growth over the body
hyperemia
redness of the skin caused by increased blood flow
hyperpigmentation
Abnormal amount of pigment in the skin
Male pattern baldness
Begins a receding hairline then bald on top hair on sides
nevus
pigmented congenital skin blemish, birthmark, mole
pediculosis
infestation with lice
Petechiae
pinpoint red or purple spots from minute hemorrhages under the sskin
photosensitivity
skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light
pruritus
severe itching
purpura
hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels
purulent
containing or producing pus
scabies
contagious skin disease caused by egg laying mite burrows in skin itching and redness
suppurative
containing or producing pus
urticaria
Hives
verruca
Warts benign growth caused by virus
Vitiligo
disappearance of pigment from skin in patches
leukoderma
disappearance of pigment from skin in patches
acne
inflammatory disease of sebaceous glands and hair follicles causing papules and pustules
acne rosacea
acne in adults nose and cheeks
acne vulgaris
acne in teenagers
basal cell carcinoma
cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer. Frequent skin cancer
burn
damage to skin caused from expose to open fire, electricity, sun, chemicals.
1st degree burn
Damage to the epidermis layer. no blisters or scars
2nd degree burn
Damage through epidermis into dermis causes vesicles to form. Scarring Also called partial thickness burn
3rd degree burn
damage to full thickness of skin and into underlying tissue. Infection is concern. Grafts may be required. Called full thickness burn
carbuncle
furuncle involving several hair follicles
cellulitis
a diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the skin
dry gangrene
late stages of gangrene area becoming black and leathery
eczema
superficial dermatitis of unknown cause. papules, vesicles and crusting
furuncle
bacterial infection of the hair follicle. redness pain swelling. Called boil
gangrene
tissue necrosis due to deficient blood supply
ichthyosis
condition skin dry, scaly and keratinized
impetigo
a bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and crust
Kaposi's sarcoma
Skin cancer seen in AIDS. Brownish purple papules spread over skin and metastasize to internal organs
leukoplakia
change in mucous membrane thick white plate like patches on tongue and cheek. Considered precancerous
Malignant melanoma
dangerous form of skin cancer caused by uncontrolled growth of melanocytes
onychia
infected nail bed
paronychia
infection in the nail
pemphigus vulgaris
blisters form in the skin and mucous membrane
psorisis
chronic inflammatory condition crusty papules
rubella
contagious viral skin infection. German measles
Shingles
Eruption of vesicles along the nerve path rash and pain. Same virus as chicken pox
Squamous cell carcinoma
epidermal cancer may go deeper but usualy does not metastasize
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic disease of the connective tissue. Injures skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system and mucous membrane. Butterfly rash on nose.
tinea
fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions
tinea capitis
fungal infection of the scalp
Ringworm
tinea pedis
fungal infection of the foot
Athlete's foot
varicella
Contagious viral skin infection.
Chicken pox
Wet gangrene
area of gangrene becoming infected by pus producing bacteria
biopsy
piece of tissue is removed to examine under microscope. Aid in diagnosis
culture and sensitivity
A lab test that grows a colony of bacteria from the infected area to determine the specific infecting bacteria and its sentitivity to antibotics
exfoliative cytology
scrapping cells from tissue and examining under microscope
Frozen section
thin piece of tissue is cut from frozen section for rapid examination
fungal scrapings
scrapings taken with scraper of tissue from lesions put on growth mediuim to examine and determine fungal growth
needle biopsy
sterile needle to remove tissue form examination
skin tests
test to see patients reaction to allergens by injecting small amount under the skin
sweat test
performed on sweat to determine level of chloride. An increase is seen with the disease cystic fibrosis
adipectomy
surgical removal of fat
allograft
skin graft from one to another
autograft
skin graft from self
cauterization
Destruction of tissue with caustic chemical, electric current, freezing, or hot iron
chemabrasion
abrasion with chemicals
Chemical peel
cryosurgery
use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue
curettage
removal of superfiscial skin lessions with curette or scraper
debridement
removal of foreign material dead damaged tissue from wound
dermabrasion
abrasion or rubbing with wire brushes or sandpaper. removes acne scars, tattoos
dermatome
instrument for cutting the skin
dermatoplasty
skin grafting transplantation of skin
electrocautery
destroy skin with electrical current
heterograft
skin graft from an animal to human. usually a pig
xenograft
skin graft from an animal to human. usually a pig
incision and drainage
make an incision to creat an opening for the drainage of material like pus
laser therapy
removal of skin lesions and birthmarks using a laser beam
liposuction
removal of fat beneath the skin by means of suction
plication
taking tucks surgically in a structure to shorten it
rhytidectomy
surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles
Face lift
skin graft
transfer skin from a normal area to cover another site
anesthetics
applied to the skin to deaden pain
antibiotic
kill bacteria causing skin infections
antifungals
kill fungi infecting the skin
anti-inflammatory drugs
reduce skin inflammation or itching
antiparasitics
kill mites or lice
antipruritics
reduce severe itching
antiseptics
used to kill bacteria in skin cuts wound or surgical site
corticosteroid cream
specific type of powerful anti-inflammatory cream