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77 Cards in this Set

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Infectious disease
caused by a certain harmful microorganisms and other parasites that live at the expense of another organism.
Pathogen
Any disease causing organism
Degenerative disease
from wear and tear, aging, or trauma that can result in a wound (lesion) and perhaps death of tissue (necrosis.
Necrosis
dealth of tissue
Neoplasia
abnormal and uncontrolled growth of tissue.
Immune disorder
failures of the immune system, allergies and autoimmune disease, in which the body makes antibodies to its own tissues.
Metabolic disorders
lack of enzymes or other factors needed for cellular functions.
Hormonal disorders
underproduction, or overproduction of hormones or by inbility of hormones to function property.
Example: diabetes
Mental and Emotional Disorders
affect the mind and adaptation of an indivdual to his or her enviroment.
sepsis
the presence of harmful microorganisms or their toxins the body.
Bateria's Three shapes
Round, rod shaped or bacilli, curved, including vibrios and spirochetes.
gram stained
most common laboratory bacteria stain, with which gram positive orgamisms stain purple and gram negative organisms stain red.
inflammation
common response to infection and other forms of disease. When cells are injured they release chemicals that allow blood cells and fluids to move into the tissues.
4 signs of inflammation
heat, pain, redness, swelling.
Suffix itis
indicates inflammation
phagocytosis
the body uses phagocyosis to get rid of invading microorganisms, damaged cells and other types of harmful debris.
mixture of pus
the remains of phagocytosis consisting of fluid and white blood cells.
Immunity
refers to all our defenses against infectious diseases.
adaptive immunity
is what we acquire during life from exposure to disease organisms.
neoplasim
an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of tissue, a tumor or growth.
benign
a neoplasm that does not spead of metastsize to other tissues, although it may cause damage to the site where it grows.
Malignant
a neplasia that metastasizes to other tissues and is commonly called cancer.
carcinoma
a malignant tumor that involves epithelial tissue.
sarcoma
a neoplasm that involves connective tissue or muscle.
osteomalacia
softening of a bone
bacillus
has a shape of a rod
ascites
accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
xero
a prefix that means dry
sreptocci
are bateria in chains
uridynia
pain of urination
bronchiectasis
is widening of the bronchus
mycosis
is caused by fungus
edematous
tissue that is swollen
necrosis
when tissue dies.
hemorrhagic
pertaining to profuse flow of blood
neuroma
tumor of the nerve
encephalitis
acute inflammation of the brain.
adenocarcinoma
cancer of the glandular tissue
gastromegaly
enlargement of the stomach
analgesia
absence of pain
oncolysis
destruction of a tumor
ysis
destroying, destruction, seperation, loosening, separation of substances by passage through (dia-) a membrane.
lithiasis
stone formation
lith
calculus, stone (lithiasis) stone formation.
xerotic
dry
xero
dry, dryness of the skin (xeroderma).
apyrexia
absence of a fever
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
dys
abnormal, painful, difficult.
Example: abnormal nouishment.
troph/o
of tissue
pachyderma
thickness of the skin
pachy
thick, abnormal thickness of the skull.
dactyedema
swelling of the finger and toes.
edema
accumulation of fluid, swelling.
pyorrhea
discharge of pus
rhea
flow, discharge
carcinolysis
destruction of cancer
lysis
separation, loosening, dissolving, destruction.
hemostasis
stoppage of blood flow
stasis
suppression, stoppage
cytology
study of cells
drug
is a substance that alters body function.
anaphlaxis
is an immediate and severe allergic reaction that may be caused by a drug.
substance dependence
drugs that act on the nervous system.
generic name
is usually a simple version of the chemical name for the drug and is not capitalized.
trade name
(brand name, proprietary name) is a register trademark of the manufacturer and is witen with an initial capital letter.
(USP) united states pharmacapeia
the standard ofr frug information.
phytomedicine
herbal medicine
potentiation
increased potency created by two drugs acting together.
polypharmacy
uses many different drugs
IV bolus
intravenously in rapid concentrated dose
ativan is what type of drug
anxiolytic
diuretic
pomoting excretion of water
antiemetic
agent that prevents vomitting
vasomotor
pertaining to vessel movement
hyperpyrexia
abnormal high body temperture
potentiation
combined drug action to greater effect