Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/169

Click to flip

169 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Eponym
a word that is named after someone
acronym
a word that is made up of the initial letter or letters of its main word. example: AIDS
Plurals:

words ending with "is"
change the "i" to an "e"

ex. diagnosis---->diagnoses
Plurals:

words ending with "us"
substitute the "us" for "i"

ex. bronchus----->bronchi
some exceptions: sinus is sinuses, and virus is viruses
Plurals:

words ending with "a"
add an "e" to the end

ex. scapula---->scapulae
Plurals:

words endind with "um"
change "um" to an "a"

ex. septum---->septa
plurals:

words ending with "ix" or "ex"
change "ix" or "ex" to "ices"

ex. cervix---->cervices
ex. index---->indices
Plurals:

words ending with "oma"
add "ta" or "s" at end

ex. adenoma-->adenomata or adenomas
Plurals:

words ending with "on"
change to "a" or add "s"

ex. ganglion---> ganglia or ganglions
Plurals:

words ending with "nx"
change "x" to "g" and add "es"

ex. larynx--->larynges
Plurals:

words ending with "ax"
change "ax" to "aces"

ex. thorax---->thoraces
Roots:

abdomin/o
abdomen
Roots:

arthr/o
joint
Roots:

bi/o
life
Roots:

cephal/o
head
Roots:

crani/o
skull
Roots:

cyst/o
bladder
Roots:

hist/o
tissue
Roots:

nas/o
nose
Roots:

cirrh/o
orange-yellow
Roots:

iatr/o
physician; treatment
Roots:

jaund/o
yellow
Roots:

xanthr/o
yellow
Suffixes:

-algia
pain
Suffixes:

-ac;-al;-ary;-eal;-ic;-ous
pertaining to
Suffixes:

-cele
hernia
Suffixes:

-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
Suffixes:

-cyte
cell
Suffixes:

-ectomy
excision; surgical removal
Suffixes:

-genic
produced by; producing
Suffixes:

-gram
record; writing
Suffixes:

-graph
instrument used to record
Suffixes:

-graphy
process of recording; producing images
Suffixes:

-ia
state of; condition
Suffixes:

-ician;-logist;-ist
specialist in the study of
Suffixes:

-itis
inflammation
Suffixes:

-logy
study of; process of study
Suffixes:

-malacia
softening
Suffixes:

-megaly
enlargement
Suffixes:

-oid
resembling
Suffixes:

-oma
tumor; mass
Suffixes:

-opsy
to view
Suffixes:

-osis
abnormal condition
Suffixes:

-pathy
disease process
Suffixes:

-pexy
surgical fixation
Suffixes:

-plasia
formation; development
Suffixes:

-rrhagia
bursting forth
Suffixes:

-sclerosis
hardening
Suffixes:

-scope
instrument used to visually examine a body cavity or organ
Suffixes:

-scopy
process of visually examining a body cavity or organ
Suffixes:

-spasm
sudden, involuntary contraction
Suffixes:

-stomy
new opening
Suffixes:

-tome
intrument used to cut
Suffixes:

-tomy
process of cutting; incision
Suffixes:

-y
process
Suffixes:

-gen
producing; forming
Suffixes:

-genous
producing; forming
Prefixes:

a-; an-
no; not; lack of
Prefixes:

ab-
away from
Prefixes:

ad-
toward
Prefixes:

anti-
against
Prefixes:

bi-; di-
two
Prefixes:

dia-
through; complete
Prefixes:

dys-
bad; abnormal; difficult; painful
Prefixes:

ecto-
outside
Prefixes:

endo-
withing
Prefixes:

epi-
upon; on; above
Prefixes:

ex-; exo-
out; outward; outside
Prefixes:

hemi-
half
Prefixes:

hyper-
excessive; above
Prefixes:

hypo-
below; under; deficient
Prefixes:

in-
in; into
Prefixes:

inter-
between
Prefixes:

macro-
large
Prefixes:

mono-
one
Prefixes:

multi-
many
Prefixes:

neo-
new
Prefixes:

per-
through
Prefixes:

peri-
around
Prefixes:

poly-
many
Prefixes:

post-
after
Prefixes:

pre-
before; in front of
Prefixes:

qaudri-
four
Prefixes:

sub-
under; below
Prefixes:

supra-
above
Prefixes:

trans-
across
Prefixes:

tri-
three
Prefixes:

uni-
one
Prefixes:

hetero-
different
Prefixes:

homo-
same
Prefixes:

pseudo-
false
LLQ
Left Lower Quadrant
LUQ
Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ
Right Lower Quadrant
RUQ
Right Upper Quadrant
anatomical position
body standing erect, arms at side, with head, palms, and feet facing forward
dorsal cavity
(back) contains the cranial cavity and spinal cavity
ventral cavity
(front) contains thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity
cranial cavity
contains the brain
spinal cavity
contains the spine
thoracic cavity
is separated by the abdominal cavity by diaphragm
diaphragm
major respiratory muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity
abdominal cavity
contains digestive organs such as stomach, large and small intestines, pancreas, gallbladder, and liver. also contains spleen, kidneys and ureters
pelvic cavity
contains reproductive and urinary organs except kidneys and ureters
abdominopelvic cavity
the abdominal and pelvic cavity, usually referred to as one.
Directions:

superior or cranial
above; toward the head
Directions:

inferior or caudal
below; toward the lower end of the body or tail
Directions:

anterior or ventral
front surface of the body; belly side of body
cranial cavity
contains the brain
spinal cavity
contains the spine
thoracic cavity
is separated by the abdominal cavity by diaphragm
diaphragm
major respiratory muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity
abdominal cavity
contains digestive organs such as stomach, large and small intestines, pancreas, gallbladder, and liver. also contains spleen, kidneys and ureters
pelvic cavity
contains reproductive and urinary organs except kidneys and ureters
abdominopelvic cavity
the abdominal and pelvic cavity, usually referred to as one.
Directions:

superior or cranial
above; toward the head
Directions:

inferior or caudal
below; toward the lower end of the body or tail
Directions:

anterior or ventral
front surface of the body; belly side of body
Directions:

posterior or dorsal
back surfaces of the body
Directions:

medial
toward the midline
Directions:

lateral
away from the midline
Directions:

proximal
nearest the point of attachment to the trunk (arms and legs); toward the point of origin (digestive)
Directions:

distal
farthest from the point of attachment to the trunk (arms and legs); farthest from the point of origin (digestive)
Directions:

superficial
near the surfaces of the body
Directions:

deep
away from the surfaces of the body
Directions:

supine
lying on back, face up
Directions:

prone
lying on abdomen, face down
Directions:

plantar
sole of the foot
Directions:

dorsum
upper portion of the foot
Directions:

peripheral
away from the center
Directions:

central
toward the center
Hypochondriac regions
right and left
upper left and right regions
Lumbar regions
right and left
middle left and right regions
Iliac regions
right and left
lower left and right regions
Epigastric region
upper middle region
Umbilical region
middle middle region (belly button region)
Hypogastric region
lower middle region
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
derm/o; dermat/o
skin
hidr/o
sweat
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nail
Bx
biopsy
SC
subcutaneous
decuib.
decubitis (act of lying down) ulcer
FS
frozen section
I&D
incision and drainage
epithelial cells
what the skin is primarily consisted of
epidermis
the outer-most layer of skin
dermis
the inner layer of the skin
subcutaneous
underneath the dermis, not regarded as part of the skin
1st to 4th degree burns
1st-->affects epidermis only
2nd-->affects epidermis and dermis, superficial or deep
3rd-->destroys epidermis and dermis, called full-thickness burn
4th-->extends deeply into subcutaneous layer and destroys skin
squamous cells
rise when someone has actinic keratosis
basal cell carcinoma
tumor that is most common and least harmful type of skin cancer caused by overexposure to the sun
squamous cell carcinoma
tumor that is more harmful and growsa faster and may go to other body systems
erythema
red discoloration to the skin
acne
an inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit.
actinic keratosis
sharply outlined, red or skin-colored, flat or elevated, verrucous or keratotic growth, which may develop into a cutaneous horn
decubitus ulcer
also called a bedsore; an ulceration caused by an arterial occlusion or by prolonged pressure
edema
swelling due to fluids in the subcutaneous tissue
gangrene
death of tissue
petechia
pinpoint, nonraised, perfectly round, purplish red spot caused by hemorrhage
pruritus
itching
allergy tests
too see if someone is allergic to something. injection of thing and see if reacts
histology
the study of tissues
debridement
removal of foreign materials and tissue from a cut
skin graft
piece of skin take off of one part of the body and put onto another part to cover a wound