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108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the genus and species name for the pig
Sus scrofa
breeding system that mates animals of same species but different breeds
birthing process of pigs
tendency for animals to deposit wastes in particular location
Dunging pattern
procedure that implants wire ring through pig’s nose to discourage rooting behavior
sturdy fencing that prevents animals from escaping
natural or artificially constructed shelter from sun and heat
natural or artificially constructed wading pool to cool swine
cooling system in which swine are manually or automatically misted
Spray cooling
system of cooling that draws fanned air in through cold water moistened pads
Evaporative cooling
cooling system in which swine are manually or automatically misted.
Zone cooling
male hog
castrated male hog
female hog
immature female hog
newborns of either sex
breeding system in which male is housed with females and breeds them as they come into heat
Pen mating
breeding method in which sow is brought to boar for controlled service
Hand mating
small crate that limits mobility of sow during delivery of her young
Farrowing crates
small pen used for sow parturition and designed with guardrails to protect newborns
Farrowing pen
area that limits access to certain animals
mechanical device that promotes safety for nursing pigs; when sow stands up, she interrupts infrared beam, which forces cold air to blow beneath her and cold air is uncomfortable to nursing young; when sow lies down, there is no interruption to light beam, enabling pigs to nurse safely.
Blow away unit
thick first milk produced by pregnant dam; rich in antibodies, thus conferring passive immunity to neonates
a full service swine operation that houses breeders, newborns, weanlings, and feeder stock
swine production unit that houses breeding sows and offspring until weaning age or weight
herd that permits animals from other herds to join existing herd
Open herd
management system that is costly but used to eradicate certain diseases; animals originate from cesarean section or hysterectomy and are raised in isolation; great attention to sanitation and contamination prevention are primary concerns
Specific pathogen free (SPF)
herd that prevents new animals form entering
Closed herd
management system that houses animals outdoors in free-range style
Extensive management
management system that houses large numbers of animals under confinement conditions
Intensive management
as much as desired
Ad lib
soft, white fat that results from rendering fatty tissue of pigs
method of restraining livestock that uses ropes to place animal on its side
a swine restraint device resembling a hammock, with four leg holes and a fifth hole under the neck for blood collection from the vena cava
eight temporary incisor and canine teeth of piglets (also called wolf teeth)
Needle teeth
overgrown canine tooth of boars
Include: Sheep, goats, llamas
Small Ruminants
an animal having a multi-chambered stomach for digestion
a swelling or pad on the tongue of ruminants
Lingual torus
a group of sheep
the coat of wool that is shorn off sheep in one piece
wool grease that is processed for use in the cosmetics industry
a potent growth factor for epithelial and fibroblast cells, used as a substitute for shearing wool from sheep
Epidermal growth factor (EGF)
meat obtained from adult sheep
a young sheep from birth to weaning age
goat meat
waste material deposited in one location
Communal dung pile
a species characteristic in which ovulation occurs near the end of estrus whether mating occurs or not
Spontaneous ovulation
the stage of the estrous cycle when the female allows mounting by males or other females
Standing heat
a young goat from birth to weaning age
clipping wool away from the udder and perianal areas of ewes before lambing
Crotching out
beginning of lactation cycle immediately after parturition
a natural method for synchronizing estrus in sheep; ewes who have had no previous exposure to males begin to cycle soon after the introduction of a ram into the flock
Ram effect
a natural method for synchronizing estrus in goats; does who have had no previous exposure to males begin to cycle soon after the introduction of a buck into the heard
Buck effect
removing undesirable animals from the group
males and females kept together so they can mate when ready
Pasture or pen bred
the practice of bringing a female in estrus to the male for the purpose of mating
Hand mating
the increased productivity and performance observed from the crossbreeding of animals of different breeds
Hybrid vigor (heterosis)
the cessation of milk flow at the end of a dairy animal’s lactation period
Dry off
the sternally recumbent position a female llama assumes when she is receptive to the male for mating
the guttural sound produced by male llamas during mating
a reproductive phenomenon in which ovulation occurs as a result of mating
Induced ovulation
regurgitating stomach contents; llamas do this as a means of defense when threatened
difficult parturition
an abnormally high body temperature
an abnormally low body temperature
a palpation method of pregnancy diagnosis in which the fetus is bounced gently away from the abdominal wall and felt as it rebounds
a female animal of breeding age that is not pregnant
a young llama from birth to weaning age
an infection of the umbilicus
Naval ill
placental tissues that are expelled after the birth of a newborn
a condition seen in male bottle-fed llamas, who lose an instinctive fear of humans; the llamas perceive humans as a threat and attack accordingly
Berserk male syndrome
to amputate the distal portion of the tail; the part of the tail that remains on the body after docking
infestation of skin by fly larvae (also called cutaneous myiasis)
Fly strike
naturally hornless
to remove the horn bud in very young animals
to surgically amputate the horn
fleshy appendages that hang from the necks of goats
an immature male goat
methods for creating and maintaining sterile conditions
Aseptic technique
shelter that an animal can stand behind to avoid the wind
animal that consumes bushes and shrubs rather than grasses
animals that consume pasture or cereal crops
a method of providing additional nutrients to young animals while denying access to mature animals
method of keeping livestock in a small area, as opposed to pasture; food and water are brought to the animals
the practice of suddenly increasing nutrition to breeding animals to improve semen quality, ovulation, and conception rates
a metabolic disorder in which ketone bodies accumulate in the blood and tissues
a type of food in which concentrates are ground, mixed, and compressed into a small, uniform bullet.
a mixture of whole, cracked, or rolled grains with molasses for increased palatability
Sweet feed
a drug that controls coccidia
the time needed for drug residues in food to fall to an acceptable level.
Drug withdraw time
a group of animals of the same species
tending to behave as a group rather than as individuals
Herd bound
a restraint method in which a sheep is placed on its hindquarters.
a restraint device that secures an animal behind the head with two vertical bars.
a device made of rope or leather straps that fits around the head of an animal and is used to lead or restrain it.
the bacteria that causes enterotoxemia
Clostridium perfringens
the bacteria that causes tetanus
Clostridium tetani
a zoonotic and fatal viral infection of the nervous system
a disease caused by nutritional deficiency of selenium or vitamin E.
White muscle disease
briefly submerging the animal in a tank of insecticide to control external parasites.
a system that permits drugs to be used in species for which the Food and Drug Administration has not approved their use.
Extralabel drug use
disease caused by the protozoan parasite coccidia
a disease caused by parasitic worm infestation
a disease that releases toxins from the intestinal tract into the blood.
a zoonotic, viral dermatitis affecting sheep, goats, and llamas; also known as orf or sore mouth
Contagious ecthyma
an inflammation of the lungs
a digestive disorder of llamas that is similar to colic in horses.
Acute abdomen
distension in the rumen or abomasum caused by an accumulation of gas