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86 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin
Dermis
Inner layer of skin
Epithelial Tissue
What the epidermis consists of
Melanocytes
Responsible for skin color
Keratinocytes
Makes epithelial layer tough, waterproof, and resistant to bacteria
How many layers of epithelium are there?
4 (5 in the soles of the feet and palms of the hand)
Basal Cell
Deepest layer of the epithelium
Stratum Corneum
Superficial layer of the epithelium
Are there blood vessels or cells in the epidermis?
NO
What does the epidermis consist of?
Epithelial cells, melanocytes and keratinocytes
Connective Tissue
What the dermis consists of
Does the dermis contain blood vessels?
YES
What are the four types of cells of the tissue of the dermis?
Fibroblasts, macrophages, mast cells, and plasma cells
Fibroblasts
Produce collagen, a protein that makes the skin tough and durable
Macrophages
Engulf bacteria and other potentially harmful substances
Mast cells
Produce histamine
Plasma cells
Produce antibodies
What does the subcutaneous tissue do?
Connects the dermis to inner structures and provides insulation
Eponychium
cuticle
Lunula
Moon of the nail where new cells are formed
Sebacous glands
Secrete an oil called sebum which keeps the skin soft and waterproof
Sudoriferous glands
Sweat glands
Ceruminous glands
Produce cerumen in the ear (ear wax)
What are the three skin glands?
Sebacous, Sudoriferous, & Ceruminous
cry/o
cold
leuk/o
White
papill/o
nipple-like
scler/o
hardening
xer/o
dry
-ism
process
-ium; -um
structure
-sis
state of; condition
albin/o
white
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
diaphor/e
profuse sweating
elect/o
electric
epitheli/o
covering
erythemat/o
red
erythr/p
red
hidr/o
sweat
kerat/o; keratin/o
hard; hornlike
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
necr/o
death
onych/y
nail
pil/o
hair
py/o
pus
ras/o
scrape
rhytid/o
wrinkle
seb/o
sebum
ungu/o
nail
derma-
skin
-therapy
treatment
Dorsal cavity
back
Ventral cavity
Front
What does the dorsal cavity contain?
Cranial and Spinal cavities
What does the Ventral cavity contain?
Thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavitites
Abdominal Cavity
contains stomach, large and small intestines, pancreas, gallbladder, and liver
Diaphragm
seperates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity
Abdominal and Pelvic cavities
Superior or cranial
above; toward the head
Inferior or Caudal
below; toward the lower end of the body
anterior or ventral
front surface of the body
posterior or dorsal
back suface of the body
medial
toward the midline
lateral
away from the midline
proximal
nearest the point of attachment to the trunk
distal
farthest from the poin of attachment
superficial
near the surface of the body
deep
away from the surface of the body
supine
lying on the back, face up
prone
lying on the abdomin, face down
plantar
sole of the foot
dorsum
upper portion of the foot
peripheral
away from the center
anter/o
front
caud/o
tail
dors/o
back
infer/o
inferior
inguin/o
groin
poster/o
posterior
proxim/o
near
super/o
superior
ventr/o
front
ili/o
hip