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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancerous,cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum(largest part of the brain)
cis/o
to cut
crin/o
secrete(to form and give off)
cyst/o
urinaru bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
cyt/o
cell
derm/o
dermat/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestine)
erythro/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
gnos/o
knowledge
sis
state of
gynec/o
woman, female
hemat/o
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
iatr/o
treatment
leuk/o
white
nephr/o
liver
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
ped/o
child
psych/o
mind
radi/o
x-rays
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
sect/o
to cut
thromb/o
clot, clotting
ur/o
urinary tract, urine
root
foundation of the term
suffix
word ending
prefix
word beginning
combining vowel
vowel (usually o) that links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
combining form
combination of the root and the combining vowel
how to read medical words
suffix first, prefix, root
(ex) epi/gastr/ic
ic=pertaining to
epi=above
gastr=stomach
pertaining to above the stomach
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision, removal
-emia
blood condition
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
-gram
record
-ic
-ical
pertaining to
-ion
process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy
viewing with a microscope
-osis
condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
-pathy
disease condition
-scope
instrument to visually examine
-scopy
viewing with an endoscope (process of viewing within)
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
-y
process, condition
a-
an-
no, not, without
auto-
self
dia-
through, complete
endo-
within
epi-
above, upon
ex-
out
exo-
out
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hypo-
deficient, below, under, less than normal
in-
into, in
peri-
surrounding, around
pro-
before, forward
re-
back, backward, again
retro-
behind
sub-
below, under
trans-
across, through
cardiologist
internal medicine specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease
gynecologist
internal medicine specialist and surgeon who diagnoses and treats disorders of the female reproductive system
psychiatrist
specialist in diagnosing and treating mental illness
oncologist
internal medicine specialist in the diagnosis and medical (drug) treatment of cancer
hematologist
internal medicine specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders
ophthalmologist
internal medicine specialist and surgeon in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye
neurologist
internal medicine specialists in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of nervous tissue (brain, spinal cord, and nerves)
nephrologist
internal medicine specialist in the diagnosis and medical (drug) treatment of kidney disease
gastroenterologist
internal medicine specialist in the diagnosis and medical treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract
urologist
surgical specialist who treats and operates on organs of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system