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142 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Achilles Tendon
Strong Tendon at the bag of the heel
Acuity
Clarity of Vision
Alopecia
Loss of Hair
Aneurysm
Swelling in the wall of an artery
Angina Pectoris
Chest pain caused by narrowing of the blood vessels in the heart muscle
Ankylosis
Joining of bone by fibrous tissue
Anterior Cruciate
Important Ligament in the knee joint
Anteverted
Normal position of the uterus
Ascites
Excessive fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Astigmatism
Defective vision caused by defect in the shape of the cornea lens
Atelactasis
Collapsed Lung
Atheroma
Fatty deposits causing thickening in the walls of blood vessels
Atrial Fibrillation
Cardiac Arrythmia
Atrial Septal Defect
Hole in the Heart
Auscultation
Use of Stethoscope
Berry Aneurysm
Leaking aneurysm in the brain
Bursa
Fluid filled sac
Calculus
Stones
Callus Formation
Occurs after fractures as part of the healing process
Carbuncle
Boil with many sites of infection
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Trapped nerve in the wrist
CCF
Congestive Cardiac Failure - Abnormal circulatory congestion
Cholangiogram
Picture of the bile duct
Cirrhosis
Degeneration of the liver often caused by alcohol
Claudification
Pain in the legs on walking a certain distance
COAD
Chronic Obstructive Airways Disease
Coeliac Disease
Inability to digest gluten
Cone Biopsy
Removal of part of the cervix following an abnormal smear
Cor Pulmonale
Serious condition with right ventricular failure
Coryza
Common Cold
Crepitation
Crackling sound heard when lungs are infected
Crohn's Disease
Inflammatory disease of the alimentary canal
CVA
Cerebral Vascular Accident - Stroke
Cystocele
Hernia of the Bladder
D&C
Dilatation and Curettage - scraping of the uterus
Defaecation
Evacuation of the bowels
Degenerative Changes
Due to ageing or arthritis
Dialysis
Artificial cleansing of the blood
Diplopia
Double Vision
Diuresis
Passing urine in increased amounts
Diverticuli
Pouches in the intestine wall
Dupuytren's Contracture
Flexion deformity of the finger
Dyspnoea
Difficulty in breathing
Embolus
Blockage in a blood vessel
Emphysema
Breakdown of the alveoli causing difficulty in breathing
Endometriosis
Endometrium speading to surrounding organs
Epilepsy
Fits which can be 'Petit' or 'Grand' mal
Episiotomy
Cutting into the perineum to facilitate childbirth
Epistaxis
Nose Bleed
Erythema
Redness of the skin - sunburn
Exopthalmus
Forward protrusion of the eyeballs
Exotosis
Excessive bony formation
Extra Systoles
Ectopics - Extra beats
Fibroids
Benign tumour of the uterus
Flatus
Wind
Foramen
A hole in a bone for the passage of nerves
Fossa
A depression in a bone
Furuncle
A small boil
Goitre
Enlarged thryoid gland
Gravida
A pregnant women - primagravida, first time
Haematemesis
Vomiting Blood
Haemorrhoids
Varicose Veins in the Rectum
Hallus Valgus
Bunions
Hiatus Hernia
Protusion of part of the stomach into the oesophagus
Hypermetropia
Longsightedness
IBS
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Icteric Schlera
Yellow discolouration of the white of the eye
Intussusception
Telescoping of the bowel
Ischaemia
Lack of blood supply to the heart
Jaundice
Yellowing of the body tissue
Kyphosis
Outward Curvature of the spine (Hunchback)
Laminectomy
Removal of part of a disc
LMP
Last Menstrual Period
Lochia
Discharge from vagina following delivery
Lordosis
Inward curvature of the spine
Meconium
First Stools passed by the newborn
Melaena
Blood in faeces
Menarche
Start of periods
Meniere's Disease
Disease caused by pressure of fluid
Micturiton
Passing of urine
Mitral Stenosis
Narrowing of the mitral orifice
Multiple Sclerosis
Progressive degenerative disease
Myocardial Infarction
Heart Attack
Myopia
Short sight
Myringotomy
incision to drain the middle ear
Nephrotic Syndrome
Degenerative lesions of the renal tubules
Neuroses
Less serious form of mental illness
Nystagmus
Involuntary movements of the eyeballs
Oesophageal Varices
Varicose Veins in the oesophagus
Orchidopexy
Operation for an undescended testicle
Orthopnoea
Difficulty Breathing unless upright
Ossification
Formation of bone
Osteoporosis
Loss of density in bones
Paget's disease
Rapid formation of bone causing pain
Papillodema
Swelling of the optic papilla within the eyeball
Para 2 + 1
Two live births and one miscarriage
Parkinson's Disease
Progressive degenerative disease characterised by a tremor
Pediculosis
Infestation with lice
Percussion
Tapping the chest with the fingers to see if cavities are blocked
Pes Planus
Flat feet
Petechiae
Small spots caused by haemorrhage
Placenta praevia
Placenta covering the internal os
Plantar
Relating to the soles of the feet
Pleural Effusion
Accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
PND
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnoea - Breathless at night
Pneumoconiosis
Industrial disease of the lungs
Pott's Disease
Tuberculosis of the spine
Pre-Eclamsia
Serious condition of pregnancy
Prolapse
The uterus descends down into the vagina
Prostatectomy
Removal of the prostate
Pruritis
Exessive skin irritation
Psychosis
More serious form of mental illness
Ptosis
Drooping eyelid
Peurperal
Pertaining to childbirth
Peurperium
A period of 6 weeks following childbirth
Pulmonary Embolism
Blockage in a blood vessel supplying the lungs
Radiculogram
X-ray of the spine using a contrast medium
Raynaud's Disease
Spasm in the arteries of the fingers and toes
Renal Failure
Failure of the Kidneys to function
Retention
Inability to pass urine
Retroversion
Uterus is tilted backwards
Sciatic
Pain along the course of the sciatic nerve
Scoliosis
Sideways deviation of the backbone
Shirodkar Suture
Purse like suture of the cervix to prevent miscarriage
Sphygmomanometer
Instrument for measuring blood pressure
Spina Bifida
Defect in the base of the spine causing paralysis
Sputum
May be purulent or mucoid
Steatorrhoea
Excessive fat in the faeces
Strabismus
Squint
Subarachnoid Haemorrhage
Bleeding in the subarachnoid space
Syncope
Fainting
Talipes
Club Feet
Tenesmus
Pain on passing faeces
TIA
Transient Ischaemic Attack - Mini Stroke
Tinnutus
Ringing or buzzing in the ears
TOP
Termination of Pregnancy - Abortion
Torticollis
Wryneck, a contracted state of cervical muscles
Tubal ligation
Type of sterilisation
Typanum
Ear Drum
Vasectomy
Male sterilisation cutting the sperm ducts
Vertigo
Giddiness - loss of balance
Vesicle
Blister (collection of fluid in the skin)