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106 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
alopecia
partial or complete loss of hair.
cellulitis
a diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain, and swelling
cerumen
ear wax
contusion
an injury to a part of the body w/out a break in the skin
curettage
process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material
cyanosis
a condition of a bluish discoloration of the skin
cryosurgery
a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue.
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatologist
a physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
dermatology
the study of skin
diaphoresis
the secretion of sweat
ecchymosis
a bluish black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area; a bruise
erythema
redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation; blushing or sunburn
exfoliation
peeling or sloughing off of tissue cells, as in peeling of the skin after a severe sunburn
hemangioma
a benign tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and had a reddish purple color
hirsutism
excessive body hair in an adult male distribution patter, occuring in women
histamine
a substance, found in all cells, that is released in allergic, inflammatory reactions.
hydrocele
a collection of fluid located in the area of the scrotal sac in the male
ichthyosis
an inherited dermatological condition in which the skin is dry, hyperkeratotic, and fissured, resembling fish scales
keratin
a hard, fibrous protein that is found in the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth, and horns of animals
lesion
any visable damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil
onychophagia
separation of a fingernail from its bed, beginning at the free margin.
pachyderma
abnormal thickening of the skin
paronychia
inflammatio of the fold of skin surrounding the fingernail
petechiaa
small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin
pruritus
itching
purpura
a group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes;
sebaceous cyst
a cyst filled with a cheesy material composed of sebum and epithelial debris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland
seborrhea
excessive secretion of sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales
xeroderma
a chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness
abrasion
a scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of frictio to the area
abscess
a localized collection of pus in any part of the body
bedsore/pressure ulcer/ decubitus ulcer
an inflammation, sore, ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part
blister/vesicle
a small thin walled skin lesion containing clear fluid
bulla
a large blister
carbuncle
a circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface
comedo
the typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle (closed comedo=whitehead; open comedo=blackhead)
cyst
a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semifluid or solid material
fistula
an abnormal passageway between two tubular organs or from an organ to the body surface
furuncle/boil
a localized pus producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle
hives/wheal/urticaria
a circumscribed slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surrounding edges
laceration
a tear in the skin
polyp
a small stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk
acne vulgaris
a common inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck, and which appears as papules, pustules, and comedos; commonly known as acne
albinism
a condition characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
carcinoma
cancer
basal cell carcinoma
the most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue, occuring most often on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun
squamous cell carcinoma
a malignancy of the squamous, or scalelike, cells of the epithelial tissue, which is a much faster growing cancer than basal cell carcinoma and which has a greater potential for metastasis if not treatedq
eczema
an acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs, and is accompanied by intense itching
gangrene
tissue death due to the loss of adequate blood supply, invasion of bacteria, and subsequent decay of enzymes, especially proteins producing an offensive foul odor
impetigo
contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria usually forming on the face
kaposi's sarcoma
rare malignant lesions that begin as soft purple brown nodules or plaques on the feet and gradually spread throughout the skin
keloid
an enlarged irregularly shaped and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the formaion of the scar
malignant melanoma
malignant skin tumor originating from melanocytes in preexixting nevi, freckles, or skin with pigment; darkly pigmented cancerous tumor
nevus/mole
a visual accumulation of melanocytes creating a flat or raised rounded macule or papule with definite borders
onychocryptosis
ingrown nail. the nail pierces the lateral fold of skin and grows into the dermis causing swelling and pain
onychomycosis
a fungal infection of the nails
pediculosis
a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by blood-sucking lice.
pilonidal cyst
a closed sac located in the sacrococcygeal area of the back sometimes noted at birth as a dimple
psoriasis
a common noninfectious chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery white scarles over rounded raised reddened plaques producting itching
scabies
a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by the human itch mite resulting in a rash pruritus and a feeling in the skin of something crawling
scleroderma
a gradual thickening of the dermis and swelling of the hands and feet to a state in which the skin is anchored to the underlyning tissue
tinea
more commonly known as ringworm a chronic fungal infection of the skin that is characterized by scaling itching and sometimes painful lesions. the lesions are named according to the body part affected.
tinea capitus
ringworm of the scalp is more common in children
tinea corporis
ringworm of the body is characterized by round patches with elevated red obrders of pustules, papules, or vesicles that affect the nonhairy skin of the body. the lesion actually looks like a circle and is raised
tinea crurus
ringworm of the groin is also known as jock itch
tinea pedis
ringworm of the foot is also known as athlete's foot
warts/verruca vulgaris
a benign, circumscribed, elevated skin lesion that results from hypertrophy of the epidermis; caused by the human papilloma virus.
plantar warts
occur either singly or in clusters on the sole of the foot. can be painful, causing individuals to feel as if they have a stone in their show. occur at points of pressure, such as over the metatarsal heads and the heel of the foot.
venereal warts/condyloma acuminata
transmitted via sexual contact and are found on the female genitalia, the penis, or the rectum. these warts develop near the mucous membrane/skin junctures on the prepuce of the penis or on the female vulva. the growths appear as small, soft, moist, pinkish or purplish projections and may appear singly or in clusters.
seborrheic warts/seborrheic keratoses
seen in the elderly population. benign, circumscribed, slightly raised lesions that occur on the face, neck, chest, or upper back and are often accompanied by itching. the lesions range from yellowish-tan to dark brown and are covered with either a greasy scale or a rough, dry scale depending on the location.
cryosurgery
a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue
debridement
removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing.
dermabrasion
removal of the epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes in order to eliminate superficial scars or unwanted tatoos.
dermatoplasty
skin transplantation to a body surface damaged by injury or disease
electrodesiccation/fulguration
a technique using an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used primarily for the removal of surface lesions
skin biopsy
the removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis
Bx
biopsy
decub.
decubitis (ulcer); bedsore
ID
intradermal
I & D
incision and drainage
SC
subcutaneous
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
ung
ointment
adip/o
pertaining to fat
ablin/o
white
caut/o
burn
cutane/o
skin
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
erythr/o
red
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o
tissue
ichthy/o
fish
kerat/o
hard, horny; also refers to cornea of the eye
leuk/o
white
lip/o
fat
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nails
pil/o
hair
scler/o
hard; also refers to sclera of the ey
squam/o
scales
trich/o
hair
xanth/o
yellow
xer/o
dryness