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54 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a term used to describe the muscles immediately surrounding the shoulder joint
rotator cuff
the process of being twisted
torsion
pain in a tendon
tenodynia
inflammation of the muscles and the skin
dermatomyositis
lacking muscle tone
flaccid
pertaining to under the control of one's will
voluntary
a chronic, progressive wasting and weakening of muscles
muscular dystrophy
excessive, forcible stretching of a muscle or the musculotendinous unit
strain
a condition with widespread muscular pain and debilitating fatigue
fibromyalgia
an artificial device, organ, or part
prosthesis
pain in a joint
arthralgia
a deficiency condition in children primarily caused by a lack of vitamin D
rickets
an acquired flexion deformity of the interphalangeal joint
hammertoe
a hereditary metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis
gout
a chronic condition characterized by pain that is caused by excessive pronation and supination activities of the forearm
tennis elbow
making rigid, immobilizing
fixation
pertaining to the elbow
ulnar
pertaining to the bones of the hand
metacarpal
humpback
kyphosis
an instrument used to examine the interior of a joint
arthroscope
a condition caused by compression of the median nerve by the carpal ligament
carpal tunnel syndrome
a method of determining the concentration of protein-bound hormones in the blood plasma
radioimmunoassay
a disease condition in which iron is not metabolized properly and accumulates in body tissues
hemochromatosis
a blood protein capable of acting as an antibody
immunoglobulin
a red blood cell
erythrocyte
a hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells
erythropoietin
excessive bleeding
hemorrhage
the process whereby fluids and/or medications escape into surrounding tissue
extravasion
the process of reinfusing a patient's own blood
autotransfusion
surgical excision of a blood clot
thrombectomy
a red blood cell containing a network of granules
reticulocyte
a white blood cell
leukocyte
also called antidiuretic hormone, ADH
vasopressin
biochemical substances, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine
catecholamines
a hormone essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats
insulin
a hormone produced by the thyroid gland
thyroxine
the principal mineralocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex
aldosterone
hormones that produce or stimulate the development of male characteristics
androgen
a glucocorticoid hormone used as an anti-inflammatory agent
cortisone
an intermediate substance in the synthesis of norepinephrine
dopamine
also called adrenaline, Adrenalin
epinephrine
a trace mineral that aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland
iodine
a hormone produced by the testes
testosterone
the spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another
malignant
a lymphokine produced by macrophages
tumor necrosis factor
a genetically engineered immune-boosting drug that stimulates the patient's immune system
interleukin-2
the process whereby normal cells have a distinct appearance and specialized function
differentiation
a form of lymphoma that occurs in young adults
Hodgkin's disease
the use of a red laser to kill cancerous cells
photodynamic therapy
to stay within a site
in situ
a malignant neoplasm that causes violaceous vascular lesions and general lymphadenopathy
Kaposi's sacroma
the process of increasing the severity of symptoms
exacerbation
a genetically engineered immune system activator
recombinant interferon
any agent that causes a change in the genetic structure of an organism
mutagen