Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/204

Click to flip

204 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
serosa
serous membrane
arthroplasty
surgical repair or reconnection of a joint
-phobia
suffix meaning abnormal fear
abdomen
belly area, cavity below the thorax
abdominocentisis
surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid
abduct
move away from the midline (verb)
abduction
movement away from the midline, e.g., arm abducted from side
aberrant
wandering from normal location, process, or behavior
abnormal
deviating from the average or expected
addiction
habitual attraction, may include physical dependence
adhesions
tissue grown together that are normally separate
amniocentesis
surgical puncture of the amnion to obtain cells for testing
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
arthroscope
instrument used to look into a joint
arthoscopy
process of using an arthroscope examine a joint
arthrotomy
incision into a joint
bursa
serous sac between a tendon and bone (busae: plural)
cardiocentesis
surgical puncture of the heart to remove fluid
chondralgia, chondrodynia
cartilage pain
chondrectomy
excision of cartilage
-scopy
suffix for the procedure used to look inot an organ or body cavity
metastatic
pertaining to a metastasis
mucosa
mucous membrane (noun)
mucus
watery substance secreted by mucous memberanes
oncologist
physician specialist in diseases involving tumors
oncology
the science that studies tumors
sarcoma
cancer of the connective-type tissue
acrodermatitis
inflammation of the skin on the extremities
acromegaly
enlargements of the extremities
acroparalysis
loss of movement of the extremities
blastocyte
immature cell
cardialgia
heart pain
cardiologist
physician specialist in heart disease
cardiomegaly
enlarged heart
cyanoderma
blueness of the skin
cyanosis
condition of blueness
cytologist
a physician or technologist who studies cellular disease
cytology
the science study of cells
cytometer
instrument to count cells
cytometry
process of using a cytometer
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatologist
a physician who specializes in skin disorders and health
dermatology
the science of studying the skin
dermatome
instrument used to cut slices of skin tissue
duodenal
pertaining to the duodenum (adj.)
duodenotomy
incision into the duodenum
duodenum
first part of the small intestine
echocardiography
sonography of the heart
electrocardiogram
picture(tracing)representing the electrical acitivity of the heart during the cardiac cycle
electrocardiograph
instrument that produces the electrocardiogram
electrocardiography
process of using the electrocardiograph
erythrema
abnormally red blood due to too many erythrocytes
erythroblast
immature red blood cells
erythrocytes
red blood cells
erythrocytopenia
low number of erythrocytes
erythrocytosis
high number of erythrocytes
erythrodermia
redness of the skin
etiology
the study of the origin of disease
gastralgia
stomach pain
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
gastric
pertaining to the stomach (adj.)
gastroduodenostomy
making a new opening between the stomach and duodenum
gastromegaly
enlarged stomach
gastrostomy
making a new opening in the stomach
histoblast
immature tissue cells
histology
the science of studying tissues
leukemia
blood cancer involving leukocytes
leukocytopenia
low number of leukocytes
leukocytosis
high number of leukocytes
leukoderma
abnormally white skin (vitiligo)
lymphatic
pertaining to the lymph system
lymphocyte
lymphatic system white blood cell
megalomania
abnormally enlarged self-image
melanoblast
immature melanocyte
melanocyte
pigment cell
melanoderma
dark patches of skin
pathologist
physician specialist in the study of disease
pathology
the sciece of studying disease
radiogram
x-ray picture (film) (radiograph)
radiograph
instrument used to produce the radiogram or the x-ray film
radiography
process of producing radiograms (radiographs)
radiologist
physician specialist in the interpretation of radiograms and other diagnostic imaging modalities
sonogram
image of the body produced by computerized reflected sound
sonograph
instrument that reflects sound waves through the body, picks them up with a transducer, and uses a computer to create an image of body structures
sonographer
technologist that performs sonography
sonography
process of using a sonograph (ultrasonography)
thrombocytes
platelets, blood-clotting cell fragments
thrombocytopenia
low number of thrombocytes
thrombocytosis
high number of thrombocytes
tomogram
picture made by a tomograph
tomograph
instrument that uses x-ray to produce images through planes (slices) of the body
tomography
the process of using a tomograph
xanthemia
yellow conditioning of the blood (carotenemia)
acr/o
extremities
megal/o
-megaly
enlarged, large
suffix
dermat/o
skin
-logy
-logist
noun, study of
noun, one who studies
suffixes
-itis
suffix meaning inflammation
-osis
-tic
noun meaning disease, condition status or process
adj form of -osis
-tome
cutting instrument
-tomy
to cut into (incise)
-ectomy
to cut out (excise)
-ostomy
to form a new opening (surgical)
-gram
a record or picture made by an instrument
-graph
an instrument used to record data
-graphy
the process of making a recording of data
-pathy
suffix meaning disease
path/o
combining form meaning disease
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black (dark pigment)
erythr/o
red
cyan/o
blue
chlor/o
green
xanth/o
yellow
-cyte
suffix meaning cell
-blast
suffix meaning embryonic or immature cell
-emia
suffix meaning blood condition
cyt/o
cells
-meter
instrument used to measure or count something
-metry
suffix meaning the process of measuring or counting something
cytotechnologists
prepare and screen human tissue slides to detect abnormalities, and are usually supervised by pathologists.
-penia
suffix meaning poverty, decreased in or not enough of
-osis
suffix indicating a condition characterized by increase in number
cardi
word root for heart
radi/o
combining form meaning a ray coming from a central point
-algia
suffix meaning pain
adenectomy
excision of a gland
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
adenoma
tumor of a gland or glandular tissue
adenopathy
disease condition of a gland or glandular tissue
atheroma
fatty (porridgelike) tissue tumor found in blood vessels
atherosclerosis
hardening of blood vessels caused by fatty growths
carcinoma
cancer of the epithelial type tissue
cephalalgia
head pain (synonym: cephalodynia)
cephalic
pertaining to the head
cephalodynic
pertaining to head pain (adj)
cerebral
pertaining to the cerebrum (adj)
cerebritis
inflammation of the cerebrum
cerebroma
tumor of the cerebrum
hyper-
prefix that means above or more than normal
hypo-
prefix that means below or less than normal
-trophy
nourishment and development
aden/o
glands
-oma
suffix for tumor
-pathy
suffix meaning disease
lymph/o
lymphatic tissue
carcin/o
combining form for cancer
-mata
plurakl suffix for -oma
onc/o
combining form for tumor
-oid
suffix meaning like or resembling
ather/o
combing form for fatty or porridgelike
arteri/o
arteries
arthr/o
joints
-dynia
suffix for pain
cephal/ic
adj meaning pertaining to or toward the head
encephal/o
pertaining to the brain
-cele
abnormal protrusion or swelling, herniation
malacia
meaning softening of a tissue
mening/o
combining form for the meninges
oste/o
combining form for bone
-plas/ia
means development or formation
dys-
means defective
burs/o
the bursae(plural) of the body
ten/o
tendons
cost/o
ribs
chondr/o
cartilage
inter-
prefix meaning between
lumb/o
lower back
thorac.o
combining form for chest or thorax
supra-
prefix meaning on, higher in position, over or above
ad-
prefix meaning towards
abdomin/o
combining form for abdomen
cyst/o
combining form for urinary bladder
cerebrospinal
pertaining to the cerebrum and spine
cerbrovascular
pertaining to the cerebrum and blood vessels
cerebrum
largest part of the brain made of the frontal, temporal, and occipital lobes
craniectomy
excision of the part of the skull
craniomalacia
softening of the skull
craniometer
instrument used to measure the size of the skull
cranioplasty
surgical repair of the skull
craniotomy
incision into the skull
cranium
skull
electroencephalogram
tracing (picture) showing brain wave activity
electroencephalograph
instrument used to turn brain waves inot electrical patterns showing a picture of changes in activity
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
encephalomalacia
softening of the brain tissue
encephalomeningitis
inflammation of the brain and meninges
encephalomyelopahty
disease condition of the brain and spinal cord
glandular
pertaining to the gland
hypertension
high blood pressure
hypertrophy
overdevelopment, increase in size
hypotension
low blood pressure
hypotrophy
underdevelopment, decreased in size
lipoid
resembling fat
lipoma
fatty tissue tumor
lymphadenopathy
disease condition of the lymph glands
lymphoma
lymph tissue tumor
melanocarcinoma
malignant (cancerous) melanoma
melanoma
tumor involving growth of melanocytes
meninges
three-layered membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
meningocele
herniation of the meninges
metastasis
tumor that spreads beyond its origin (n)
metastasize
spread beyond its origin (verb)