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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
catabolism
process of breaking down complex materials to form simplier substances and release energy
anabolism
process of building up complex materials from simple materials
genes
regions of DNA within each chromosome
crin/o
secret (to form and give off)
cerebr/o
cerebrum(largest part of the brain)
cardi/o
heart




aden/o
gland
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
cephal/o
head
cis/o
to cut
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
derm/o
dermat/o
skin
encephal/o
brain
gastr/o
stomach
gnos/o
knowledge
hemat/o
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
nephr/o
kidney
arthr/o
joint
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
path/o
disease
psych/o
mind
radi/o
x-rays
ren/o
kidney
sarc/o
flesh
thromb/o
clot, clotting
ur/o
urinary bladder, urine
-cyte
cell
gynec/o
woman, female
-ectomy
excision, removal
-genic
pertaining to, producing, produced by, or produced in
cyt/o
cell
-ion
process
-itis
inflammation
oste/o
bone
-logy
study of
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
erythr/o
red
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestine)
-pathy
disease condition
-sis
state of
electr/o
electricity
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
a
an
no, not, without
-opsy
process of viewing
iatr/o
treatment
dia
through, complete
epi
above, upon
ex
exo
out
hyper
excessive, above, more than normal
in
into, in
peri
surrounding, around
pro
before
re
back, backward, again
retro
behind
trans
across, through
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
karyotype
picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. The chromosomes are arranged in a numerical order to determine their number and structure
adipose tissue
collection of fat cells
nucleus
control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell.
epithelial cell
Skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organ
neur/o
nerve
leuk/o
white
-graph
-gram
record
ped/o
child
-emia
blood condition
sect/o
to cut
rhin/o
nose
-algia
pain
-ac
-al
-ic
-ical
pertaining to
cartilage
flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints. Surrounds the trachea, part of the external ear and nose.
-ist
specialist
DNA
Chemical found within each chromosome. Arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the activities of a cell.
sub
below, under
endo
within
-osis
condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
auto
self
-y
process, condition
-scope
instrument to visually examine
-scopy
process of visually examining
RUQ
right upper quadrant
hypo
deficient, below, less than normal
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes. There are 46 chromosomes in every cell except for the egg and sperm cells, which contain only 23 individual, unpaired chromosomes.
pharynx
throat. the pharnyx is the common passageway for food and air.
metabolism
The total of the chemical processes in a cell. It includes both catabolism and anabolism.
larynx
voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea
histologist
specialist in the study of tissues
cranial
brain, pituatary gland
thoracic
lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta
spinal
nerves of the spinal cord
pelvic
portions of the large and small intestines, ructum, ub, urethra, ureters, uterus in female
abdominal
stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder