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102 Cards in this Set

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testicle
male gonads, or male sex glands, responsible for production of spermatozoa (male germ cell) and for the secretion of the male hormone testosterone
scrotum
external sac that houses the testicles, it is located posterior to the penis and is suspended from the perineum.
epididymis
tightly coiled tubule that resembles a comma; purpose is that of housing the sperm until they mature, becoming fertile and motile.Mature sperm in the lower portion of the epididymis.
vas deferens
narrow straight tube that transports sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct.
seminal vesicles
glands that secrete a thick, yellowish fluid, known as seminal fluid, into the vas deferens.
seminiferous tubules
specialized coils of tiny tubules that are responsible for production of sperm; located in the testes.
prostate gland
gland that surrounds the base of the urethra which secretes a milky colored secretion into the urethra during ejaculation. This secretion enhances the motility of the sperm and helps to neutralize the secretions within the vagina.
urethra
small tubular structure extending the length of the penis that transports urine from the bladder, and the semen, when ejaculated, to the outside of the body.
bulbourethral glands (cowper's glands)
pair of small, pea-sized glands that empty into the urethra just before it extends through the penis.
penis
The male organ of copulation and of urinary excretion, comprising a root, body and extremity or glans penis. The root is attached to the descending portions of the pubic bone by the crura, the latter being the extremities of the corpora cavernosa and beneath them the corpus spongiosum, through which the urethra passes. The glans is covered with mucous membrane and ensheathed by the prepuce or foreskin. The penis is homologous with the clitoris in the female.
anorchism
Absence of the testes; may be congenital or acquired
asymptomatic
without symptoms
azoospermia
The absence of spermatozoa in the semen or failure of formation of spermatozoa.
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis and the mucous membrane beneath it.
balanoplasty
Surgical reconstruction of the glans penis.
castration
The removal of the gonads or their destruction as by radiation or parasites.
chancre
skin lesion, usually of primary syphilis that begins at the site of infection as a small raised area and develops into a red, painless ulcer with a scooped-out appearance.
circumcision
The surgical removal of end of the prepuce of the penis.
cryosurgery
use of subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue.
dysuria
painful urination
ejaculation
process of ejecting or expelling the semen from the male urethra.
epididymectomy
surgical removal of the epididymis.
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis
epispadias
A congenital defect resulting in the urethral opening on the dorsum of the penis.
exudates
fluid, pus, or serum that is slowly discharged from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell membranes.
foreskin (prepuce)
loose. retractable fold of skin covering the tip of the penis
glans penis
tip of the penis
gonad
male sex glands, which are called the testes(primary reproductive system)
hydrocele
An accumulation of serous fluid in a sac-like cavity adjacent the testicle, a swelling due to the accumulation of serous fluid in the tunica vaginalis of the testis or in the spermatic cord.
hypospadias
A congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the ventral (bottom) surface of the penis rather than on the glans.
impotence
inability of a male to achieve or sustain an erection of the penis.
kaposi's sarcoma
malignant growth that begins as soft, brownish or purple raised areas on the feet and slowly spreads to the skin, spreading to the lymph nodes and internal organs. occurs often in men with AIDS.
malaise
vague feeling of bodily weakness or discomfort, often marking the onset of disease.
malodorous
foul smelling; having a bad clot.
motility
ability to move spontaneously.
mucopurulent
characteristic of a combination of mucus and pus.
opportunistic infections
infection caused by normally nondisease-producing organisms that sets up in a host whose resistance has been decreased by surgery, illnesses, and disorders such as aids.
orchitis
Inflammation of a testis.
palpation
technique used in physical examination that involves feeling parts of the body with the hands.
perineum
area between the scrotum and the anus of the male.
resectoscope
instrument used to surgically remove tissue from the body
prophylaxis
The prevention of disease, preventive treatment.
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostrate glands.
purulent
producing or containing pus
rectoscope
instrument used to view the rectum that has a cutting and cauterizing (burning) loop
residual urine
urine that remains in the bladder after urination.
salpingitis/pelvic inflammatory disease
inflammation of the fallopian tubes;
semen
combination of sperm and varous secretions that is expelled from the body through the urethra during sexual intercourse.
spermatogenesis
The process of formation of spermatozoa,
spermatozoan (spermatozoon)
mature male germ cell
spermolysis
Destruction, with dissolution, of the spermatozoa.
testicular
Pertaining to a testis.
testosterone
male hormone secreted by the testes, responsible for the secondary sex characteristic changes that occur in the male with the onset of puberty.
truss
apparatus worn to prevent or block the herniation of the intestines or other organ through an opening in the abdominal wall.
urethritis
inflammation of the urethra.
vesicles
blisters; small raised lesions containing clear fluid.
andr/o
man, male
balan/o
glans penis
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
epididym/o
epididymis
hydr/o
water
orch/o
testicle
orchi/o, orchid/o
testicle
prostat/o
prostate gland
semin/i
semen
sperm/o, spermat/o
sperm
test/o
testes
vas/o
vessel; deferens
zo/o
animal (man)
benign prostatic hypertrophy
benign enlargement on the prostate gland, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra or neck of the bladder, causing obstruction of the flow of urine.
cryptorchidism
condition of undescended testicle(s) the absence of one or both testicles from the scrotum.
phimosis
tightness of the foreskin (prepuce) of the penis that prevents it from being pulled back.
inguinal hernia
protrusion of a part of the intestine through a weakened spot on the muscles and membranes of the inguinal region of the abdomen; the intestine pushes into, and sometimes fills the entire scrotal sac in the male.
variocele
abnormal dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord leading to the testicle.
AIDS
deadly virus that destroys the body's immune system by invading the T cells.
chlamydia
sexually transmitted bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the cervix in women and urthra and epididymis in men.
genital herpes
highly contagious viral infection of the male and female genitalia;can recur spontaneoulsy once the virus has been acquired.
genital warts
small, cauliflower-like, fleshy growths usually seen along the penis in the male and in or near the vagina in women.
gonorrhea
sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the mucous membrane of the genital tract in men and women. can be passed on to a child during the birth process in women.
syphilis
sexually transmitted disease characterized by lesions that may involve any organ or tissue. can be transmitted through the placenta to an unborn infant in women.
trichomoniasis
sexually transmitted protozoal infection of the vagina, urethra, or prostrate.
castration
The removal of the gonads or their destruction as by radiation or parasites.
cystoscopy
process of visualizing the urinary tract through the cystoscope that is inserted in the urethra.
intravenous pyelogram
radiographic procedure provides visualization of the entire urinary tract.
FTA-ABS test/VDRL test/RPR test
tests for syphilis
orchidectomy/orchiectomy
surgical removal of a testicle.
orchidopexy/orchiopexy
surgical fixation of a testicle
orchidoplasty
surgical repair of the testicle
prostratectomy
surgical removal of the prostate or of a part of it.
semen analysis
assessment of a sample of semen for volume, viscosity, sperm count, sperm motility, and percentage of any abnormal sperm.
suprapubic prostatectomy
surgical removal of the prostate gland by making an incision into the abdominal wall, just above the pubis.
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
surgical removal of the prostate gland by inserting a resectoscope through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostate gland.
vasectomy
surgical cutting and tying of the vans deferens to prevent the passage of sperm, consequently preventing pregnancy.
wet mount prep
microscopic examination of fresh vaginal or male urethra secretions to test for the presence of living organisms.
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy
FTA-ABS/VDRL/RPR
fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption test; serological test for syphilis
HSV-2
herpes simplex virus, strain 2
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder, an x-ray of the urinary tract using no contrast medium
PSA
prostrate specific antigen
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate gland.
STD
sexually transmitted disease