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24 Cards in this Set

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triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4)
Found in thyroid increased metabolism in body cells
calcitonin
Found in thyroid lowers blood calcium
hypocalcemia
Abnormally low calciumconcentration, that can result in muscle cramps, abdominal cramps, spasms, and hyperactive deep tendon reflexes
parathyroid hormone
in parathyroid gland, increases blood calcium
hypercalcemia
abnormally high concentrations of calcium compounds are found in the bloodstream.
cortisol(glucocorticosteroid)
increases blood sugar(adrenal cortex)
aldosterone (mineralcorteroid)
increases reabsorption of sodium(adrenal cortex)
sex hormones (antrogens, estrogens & progestins)
maintain secondary sex characteristics(adrenal cortex)
epinephrine (adrenaline),
norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
in adrenal medulla)sympathiomimetic (produces effects resembling those resulting from sympathetic nervous system stimulation)
insulin
pancreas-decreases blood sugar (glucose to glycogen)
glucagons
pancreas-increases blood sugar (glucogen to glucose)
growth hormone (GH)(Somatotropin)
pituitary-increases bone & tissue growth
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
pituitary-stimulates production of thyroxin & growth of the thyroid gland
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
pituitary-stimulates secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex, especially cortisol
gonadotropins
pititary->follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) or ISCH in male
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
pituitary-oogenesis & spermatogenesis
luteinizing hormone (LH) ISCH in male
pituitary-promotes ovulation; testosterone secretion
prolactin
promotes growth of breast tissue & milk secretion
melanocyte
stimulating hormone-pituitary-increases pigmentation of the skin
antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (vasopressin)
pituitary-stimulates reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
oxytocin
pituitary-stimulates contractions of the uterus during labor and childbirth
estradiol
ovaries-develops & maintains secondary sex characteristics in the female
progesterone
ovaries-prepares and maintains the uterus in pregnancy
testosterone
testes-promotes growth & maintenance of secondary sex characteristics of the male