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20 Cards in this Set

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achlorhydria
Abnormal condition by the absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice.
anorexia
lack or loss of appetite, resulting in teh inability to eat.
aphagia
loss of the ability to swallow as a result of organic or psychological causes.
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity; the fluid contains large amounts of proteins and electrolytes.
borborygmus
audible abdominal sound produced by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis.(rumbling, gurgling, and tinkling noises heard when listening with a stethascope.
constipation
difficulty in passing stools, incomplete or infrequent passage of hard stools.
diarrhea
frequent passage of loose, watery stools.
dyspepsia
vague feeling or epigastric discomfort after eating. (uncomfortable feeling of fullness, heartburn, bloating, and nausea)
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing commonly associated with obstructive or motor disorders of the esophagus.
emaciation
excessive leanness by disease or lack of nutrition.
emesis
material expelled from the stomach during vomitting
eructation
act of bringing up air from the stomach with a characteristic sound through the mouth; belching
flatus; flatulence
air or gas in the intestine that is passed through the rectum.
gastroesophageal relfux
backflow of contents in the stomach into the esophagus that is often the result of incompetence of the lower esophageal sphincter.
icterus/jaundice
yellow discoloration of the skin, mucus membranes and sclera of the eyes, caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
melena
abnormal black, tarry stool containing digested blood.
nausea
unpleasant sensation often leading to the urge to vomit.
pruritus ani
common chronic condition of itching of the skin around the anus.
steatorrhea
greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces, characterized by frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter that floats.
vomit
expel of contents of the stomach through the esophagus and out the mouth.