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234 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
is
es
us
i
a
ae
um
a
ix/ex
ices
oma
omata or omas
x
ges
on
a or ons
ax
aces
leves of organization
cells
tissues
organs
organ systems
organism
fat
3
adipo
lipo
steato
armpit
axillo
life
bio
head
cephalo
neck
cervico
cell
cyto
tissue
histo
histio
disease
patho
internal organs
viscero
hair
2
cilio
pilo
skin
2
dermo
cutaneo
nail
2
onycho
unguo
joint
arthro
cartilage
chondro
skull
cranio
rib
costo
bone marrow (spinal cord)
myelo
bone
osteo
pelvis
pelvo
spine
spino
vertebra
2
vertebro
spondylo
muscle
2
myo
musculo
tendon
tendino
tendo
eyelid
blepharo
brain
2
cerebro
encephalo
nerve
neuro
ear
oto
gland
adeno
adrenal gland
adreno
vessel
3
angio
vasculo
vaso
artery
arterio
heart
cardio
blood
hemo
hemato
vein
2
veno
phlebo
lymph vessels
lymphangio
diaphragm
phreno
lungs
pneumo
pneumono
pulmono
chest
thoraco
lips
cheilo
small intestine
entero
mouth
2
stomato
oro
bladder
cysto
testis
2
orchido
testo
penis
phallo
vagina
2
vagino
colpo
fallopian tubes
salpingo
cephalgia
headache
arthralgia
joint pain
otalgia
earache
-cele
hernia
cystocele
hernia of the urinary bladder
rectocele
hernia of the rectum
encephalocele
hernia of the brain
-dynia
pain
gastrodynia
stomach pain
mastodynia
breast pain
-emesis
vomiting
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
-emia
blood condition
glycemia
sugar in the blood
-ia
state of; condition
pneumonia
condition of the lung
-itis
inflammation
enteritis
inflamed small intestine
stomatitis
inflamed mouth
spondylitis
inflamed vertebra
-lysis
destruction; separation; breakdown
hemolysis
breakdown of blood
-malacia
softening
cerebromalacia
softening of the brain
chondromalacia
softening of cartilage
-megaly
enlargement
visceromegaly
enlargement of the internal organs
-oma
tumor;mass
lipoma
tumor containing fat
myoma
tumor of muscle
-osis
abnormal condition
nephrosis
abnormal condition of the kidney
-pathy
disease process
ureteropathy
disease process of the ureter
-penia
decrease, deficiency
cytopenia
deficiency of cells
-phobia
irrational fear
acrophobia
fear of heights
-ptosis
downward displacement;
drooping; prolapse;sagging
blepharoptosis
drooping eyelid
nephroptosis
drooping kidney
-ptysis
spitting
hemoptysis
spitting up of blood
-rrhage; rrhagia
bursting forth
hemorrhage
bursting forth of blood;
bleeding
gastrorrhagia
bleeding from the stomach
-rrhea
flow;discharge
otorrhea
discharge from the ear
-rrhexis
rupture
splenorrhexis
ruptured spleen
-sclerosis
hardening
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
-spasm
sudden, involuntary contraction
blepharospasm
sudden, involuntary contraction of the eyelid
-stenosis
narrowing;stricture
phlebostenosis
narrowing of a vein
-y
process
neuropathy
disease process of the nerve
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
abdominocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
thoracocentesis
surgical puncture of the chest wall to remove excess fluid from around the lungs
-desis
surgical binding; surgical fusion
arthrodesis
surgical fusion of a joint
-ectomy
excision; surgical removal
oophorectomy
excision of the ovary
tonsillectomy
excision of the tonsils
-graphy
process of recording; producing images
mammography
producing images of the breast
myelography
producing images of the spinal cord
computed tomography (CT)
x-ray of body part
-gram
record;writing
lymphangiogram
record of the lymph vessel
-graph
instrument used to record
cardiograph
instrument used to record heart activity
-metry
to measure;measurement
pelvimetry
measurement of the pelvis
-meter
instrument used to measure
craniometer
instrument used to measure the skull
-opsy
to view
biopsy
removal of a piece of tissue
-pexy
surgical fixation
nephropexy
surgical fixation of the kidney
-plasty
surgical reconstruction;surgical repair
orchidoplasty
surgical reconstruction of the testicle
-rrhaphy
suture;sew
colporrhaphy
suturing of the vagina
-scope
-scopy
instrument used to visually examine
bronchoscope
bronchoscopy
instrument used to visually examine the interior of the bronchus
-stasis
stoppage;stopping;controlling
hemostasis
stoppage of blood
-stomy
new opening
tracheostomy
new opening into the trachea
-tome
instrument used to cut
myotome
instrument used to cut muscle
adipocyte
fat cell
histiocyte
tissue cell
-er; -or; -ician; -logist; -ist
specialist; one who specializes; specialist in the study of
-ion
process
section
process of cutting
-logy
study of; process of study
-plasia
formation; development
chondroplasia
formation of cartilage
-poiesis
production; manufacture; formation
hematopoiesis
production of blood
-trophic; -trophy
development; growth; nutrition
-genic
produced by; producing
carcinogenic
producing cancer
-oid
resembling
osteoid
resembling bone
-ole; -ule
small
bronchiole
small bronchus
venule
small vein
-ac; -al; -ary; -eal; -ic; -ous
pertaining to
ab-
away from
abduction
process of drawing away from
ad-
toward
ante-
before
circum-
around
dia-
through; complete
ecto-
outside
endo-
within
epi-
upon; on; above
e-; ex-; exo-; extra-
out; outward; outside
hyper-
excessive; above
hyperplasia
excessive formation
hypo-
below; under; deficient
in-
in; into
infra-
below; beneath
inter-
between
intra-
within
meta-
beyond
metaplasia
change in formation
matastasis
the uncontrolled spread of cancerous cells from one organ to another
para-
beside; near
per-
through
peri-
around
post-
after
pre-
before; in front of
pro-
before
prodrome
symptoms occurring before the onset of disease
prognosis
prediction of the outcome of the disease
retro-
back; behind
sub-
under; below
supra-
above
trans-
across
ultra-
beyond
anti-
against
a-; an-
no; not; lack of
aseptic
free from infectious material
anemia
lack of red blood cells
contra-
against; opposite
in-
not
bi-; di-
two
hemi-; semi-
half
mono-; uni-
one
multi-; poly-
many
multiform
having many shapes
polyadenoma
tumor of many glands
quadri-
four
tri-
three
ana-
apart; up
auto-
self
brady-
slow
bradycardia
pertaining to a slow heartbeat
dys-
bad; abnormal; difficult; pain
dysplasia
abnormal development
macro-
large
macrocephalia
excessively large head
mal-
bad
malaise
a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort
micro-
small
neo-
new
neoplasm
new formation of tissue
pan-
all
panhysterectomy
excision of all the uterus
syn-; sym-
together; with; joined
tachy-
fast; rapid
tachycardia
pertaining to a fast heartbeat