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517 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adip
fat
lip
fat
steat
fat
hidr
sweat
sudor
sweat
kerat
horny tissue; hard cornea
albin
white
melan
black
xanth
yellow
myc
fungus
onych
nail
pil
hair
trich
hair
scler
hardening; sclera
seb
sebum; sebaceous
squam
scale
xer
dry
-phoresis
carrying, transmission
-plasty
surgical repair
-penia
decrease or deficiency
necr-
death
enter
intestine
peri
around
al;ic
pertaining to, relating to
supra
above
trans
thru; across
sup
under, below
hupo
under, below
ism
condition
osis
abnormal condition
scler
hardening
ac
pertaining to, relating to
al
pertaining to, relating to
ar
pertaining to, relating to
ary
pertaining to, relating to
esis
condition
ia
condition
ism
condition
iatry
medicine; treatment
ist
specialist
-y
condition, process
-icle
small, minute little
-ole
small, minute, little
-ule
small, minute, little
abd
abdomen
AP
anteroposterior
Lat
lateral
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
PA
posteroanterior
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RUQ
right upper quadrant
U&L, U/L
upper and lower
eal
pertaining to, relating to
ic
pertaining to, relating to
ical
pertaining to, relating to
ile
pertaining to, relating to
ior
pertaining to, relating to
ous
pertaining to, relating to
tic
pertaining to, relating to
CT
computed tomography
PET
positron emission tomography
CXR
chest X Ray
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
US
ultrasonography, ultrasound
SPECT
single-photon emission computed tomography
adhesion
band of scar tissue binding anatomical surfaces that normally are seperated from each other
inflammation
protective response of body tissues, infection or allergy
sepsis
body's inflammatory response to infection, in which there is fecer, elevated heart and respiratory rate and low blood pressure
computed tomography scan (CT)
radiographic technique that uses a narrow beam of x-rays, which rotates in a full arc around the patient to image the body in cross-sections
flouoroscopy
radiographic procedure that uses a fluorescent screen instead of photographic plate to produce a visual image from x-rays that pass through the patient. the technique offers continuous imaging of the motion of internal structures and immediate serial images.
magnetic resononamce imaging
radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar corss sectional images of the body
nuclear scan
diagnostic technique that produces an image by recording the concentration of a radiopharmacuetical (a radioactive substance known as a radionuclide comined w/ another chemical). the radiopharmaceutical is introduced into the body and specifically drawn to the area under the study
positron emission tomography
radiographic technique that combines computed tomography with the use of radio pharmaceuticals. produces a cross-sectional image of the dispersement of radioactivity in a section of the body to reveal the areas where the radiopharmaceutical is being metabolized and where there is a deficiency in metabolism
radiography
production of captured shadow images on photographic film though the action of ionizing radiation passing through the body from an external source
CT
computed tomography
PET
positron emission tomography
CXR
chest X Ray
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
US
ultrasonography, ultrasound
SPECT
single-photon emission computed tomography
adhesion
band of scar tissue binding anatomical surfaces that normally are seperated from each other
inflammation
protective response of body tissues, infection or allergy
sepsis
body's inflammatory response to infection, in which there is fecer, elevated heart and respiratory rate and low blood pressure
computed tomography scan (CT)
radiographic technique that uses a narrow beam of x-rays, which rotates in a full arc around the patient to image the body in cross-sections
flouoroscopy
radiographic procedure that uses a fluorescent screen instead of photographic plate to produce a visual image from x-rays that pass through the patient. the technique offers continuous imaging of the motion of internal structures and immediate serial images.
magnetic resononamce imaging
radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar corss sectional images of the body
nuclear scan
diagnostic technique that produces an image by recording the concentration of a radiopharmacuetical (a radioactive substance known as a radionuclide comined w/ another chemical). the radiopharmaceutical is introduced into the body and specifically drawn to the area under the study
positron emission tomography
radiographic technique that combines computed tomography with the use of radio pharmaceuticals. produces a cross-sectional image of the dispersement of radioactivity in a section of the body to reveal the areas where the radiopharmaceutical is being metabolized and where there is a deficiency in metabolism
radiography
production of captured shadow images on photographic film though the action of ionizing radiation passing through the body from an external source
radiopharmaceutical
drug that contains a radioactive substance that travels to an area or a specific organ that will be scanned
scan
technique for carefully studying an area, organ, or system of the body by recording and displaying an image of the area
single-photon emission computed tomography
type of nuclear imaging study to scan organs after injection of a radioactive tracer. is similar to PET scans but employs a specialized gamma camera that detects emitted radiation to produce a three dimensional image from a composite of numerous views.
tomography
radiographic technique that produces a film representing a detailed cross-section of tissue structure at a predetermined depth
ultrasonography
imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves that bounce off the body tissues and are recorded to produce an image of an internal organ or tissue. echoes are recorded and interpreted by a computer, which produces a detailed image of the organ or tissue being evaluated
anastomosis
connection between two vessels; surgical joining of 2 ducts, blood vessels or bowel segments to allow flow from one to the other
cauterize
process of burning tissue by thermal heat, including steam, electricity, or other agent suc as laser or dry ice
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
anterior, front
caud/o
tail
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck, cervix uteri
chondr/o
cartilage
crani/o
cranium (skull)
cyt/o
cell
dors/o
back (of body)
gastr/o
stomach
hist/o
tissue
ili/o
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
infer/o
lower, below
inguin/o
groin
later/o
side, to one side
lumb/o
loins (lower back)
medi/o
middle
nucle/o
nucleus
pelv/o
pelvis
poster/p
back (of body), behind, posterior
proxim/o
near, nearest
umbilic/o
umbillicus, navel
ventr/o
belly, belly side
-ad
toward
-logist
specialist in study of
-logy
study of
-lysis
separation; destruction; loosening
-toxic
poison
-verse
turning
epi-
above, on
hypo-
under, below, deficient
medi-
middle
super-
upper, above
trans-
though, across
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
BCC
basal cell carcinoma
Bx
biopsy
decub
decubitis
FH
family history
FS
frozen section
ID
intradermal
I&D
incision and drainage
IM
intramuscular
oint, ung
ointment
PE
physical examination
WBC
white blood cell, white blood count
abrasion
scraping away of a portion of skin or of a mucous membrane as a result of injury or mechanical means, as in dermabrasion for cosmetic purposes
acne
inflammatory disease of the sebaceous follicles of the skin, marked by comedones (blackheads), papules and pustules
alopecia
absence or loss of hair, especially of the head, also known as baldness
carbuncle
deep-seated pyogenic infection of the skin usually involving subcutaneous tissues
comedo
black-head; discolored dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin
contusion
injury in which the skin is not broken; also known as a bruise
cyst
closed sac or pouch in or under the skin, with a definite wall, that contains fluid, semifluid or solid material
decubitus ulcer
skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usually in a person who is bedridden, also known as bedsore
ecchymosis
skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue- black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise
eczema
general term for an itchy red rash that initially weeps or oozes serum and may become crusted, thickened or scaly
furnuncle
tender, dome-shaped lesion, typically caused by infection around a hair follicle. As they mature, they form localized abscesses with pus; commonly called a boil
hirsuitism
condition characterized by excessive growth of hair, or presence of hair, in unusual places, especially in women
impetigo
inflammatory skin disease characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
petechia
minute, pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin. it's a smaller version of ecchymosis
psoriasis
chonic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered with silvery scales. the condition runs in families and may be brought on by anxiety
scabies
contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite
skin lesions
areas of pathologically altered tissue caused by disease, injury, or a wound due to external factors or internal disease
primary lesions
initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue; may be flat or elevated
secondary lesions
result from the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, or various stages of a disease
tinea
any fungal skin disease occurring on various parts of the body. its name indicates the body part affected; commonly called ringworm
ulticaria
allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale-red elevated patches that are intensely itchy, also called wheals (hives)
vitiligo
localized loss of pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
wart
rounded epidermal growths caused by a virus
skin test
method for determining induced sensitivity (allergy) by applying or inoculating a suspected allergen or sensitizer into the skin. sensiitvity to the antigen is indicated by an inflammatory skin reaction to it
chemical peel
chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scaring and general keratoses; also used for cosmetic purposes to remove fine wrinkles on the face; also called chemabrasion
cryosurgery
use of subfreezing temperature (commonly with liquid nitrogen) to destroy abnormal tissue cells, such as unwanted cancerous or infected tissue
debridement
removal of acne scars, nevi tattoos or fine wrinkles on the skin though the use of sandpaper, wire brushes or other abrasive materials on the epidermal later
electrodessication
process in which high-frequency electrical sparks are used to dehydrate and destroy diseased tissue
incision and drainage (I&D)
incision of a lesion, such as an abscess, followed by the drainage of its contents
cutane/o
skin
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
hidr/o
sweat
sudor/o
sweat
hydr/o
water
ichthy/o
dry, scaly
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard; cornea
cyan/o
blue
erythr/o
red
erythomat/o
red
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
-cele
hernia, swelling
-cyte
cell
-derma
skin
-emia
blood condition
-itis
inflammation
-logist
specialist in the study of
-logy
study of
-malacia
softening
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition; increase(used primarily with blood cells)
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-pathy
disease
-penia
decrease, deficiency
-phagia
swallowing, eating
sub-
under, below
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-therapy
treatment
auto-
self, own
epi-
above, on
ARDS
adult respiratory distress syndrome, acute respiratory distress syndrome
CF
cystic fibrosis
COLD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR
cardiopulmonary resusitation
CT scan
computed tomography
DPT
diphtheria pertussis, tetanus
HMD
hyaline membrane disease
IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing
IRDS
infant respiratory distress syndrome
NMT
nebulized mist treatment
PFT
pulmonary function test
PND
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
RD
respiratory disease
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
SOB
shortness of breath
TB
tuberculosis
URI
Upper respiratory infection
VC
vital capacity
acidosis
excessive acidity of blood due to an accumulation of acids or an excessive loss of bicarbonate
acute respiratory distress syndrome
respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia. this is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome
coryza
acute inflammation of the nasal passages accompanied by profuse nasal discharged; also called a cold
crackle
adventitious lung sound heard on auscultation of the chest, produced by air passing over retained airway secretions or the sudden opening of collapsed airways
croup
acute respiratory syndrome that occurs primarily in children and infants and is characterized by laryngeal obstruction and spasm, barking coughm and stridor
cystic fibrosis
inherited disease of the exocrine glands with production of thick mucus that causes severe congestion within the lungs and digestive systems
empyema
pus in a body cavity, especially in the pleural cavity
epiglottitis
in the acute form, it is a severe, lifethreatening infection of the epiglottis and surrounding area; occurs most ofetn in children between ages 2-12
epistaxis
hemorrhage from the nose; also known as nosebleeds
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in the blood; ususally a sign of respiratory impairment; aka anoxemia
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen in tissues; usually a sign of respiratory impairment; aka anoxia
influenza
acute, contagious respiratory infection characterized by sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, and muscle pain
lung cancer
pulmonary malignancy commonly attributable to cigarette smoking. survival rates are low due to rapid metastasis and late detection
pertussis
acute infectious diseas characterized by a "whoop" -sounding cough. Immunization of infants as part of the diptheria and tetanus (DPT) vaccine prevents contraction; aka whooping cough
pleural effusion
abnormal presence of fluid in the pleural cavity. the fluid may contain blood (hemothorax), serum (hydrothorax), or pus (pyothorax)
Pnuemothorax
collection of air in the pleural cavity, causing the complete or partial collapse of a lung
ronchi
abnormal chest sounds resembling snoring, produced in airways with accumulated fluids
stridor
abnormal high-pitched musical sound made on inspiration caused by an obstruction in the trachea or larynx
wheezes
whistling or sighing sounds resulting from narrowing of the lumen of a respiratory passageway that is noted by use of a stethoscope
arterial blood gases
group of tests that measure the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentration in an arterial blood sample
bronchoscopy
direct visual examination of the interior bronchi using a bronchoschope (curved, flexible tube with a light)
Chest x ray
radiograph of the chest taken from anteroposterior (AP), posteroanterior (PA), or lateral projections
pulmonary funtion tests
include any of several tests to evaluate the conditionof the respiratory system. measures of expiratory flow and lung volume capacity are obtained
spirometry
measures the breathing capacity of the lungs
bronchodilators
drugs used to dilate the walls of the bronchi of the lungs to increase airflow
corticosteroids
horomonal agents that reduce tissue edema and inflammation assoc. w/ chronic lung ???
pharng/o
pharynx (throat)
pleur/o
pluera
pneum/o, pneumon/o
air; lung
pulmon/o
lung
sinus/o
sinus, cavity
thorac/o
chest
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
aer/o
air
carcin/o
cancer
gastr/o
stomach
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
hydr/o
water
melan/o
black
muc/o
mucus
my/o
muscle
myc/o
fungus
orth/o
straight
-centesis
surgical puncture
-ectomy
excision, removal
-plasty
surgical repair
-rraphy
suture
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
incision
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-cele
hernia, swelling
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
-itis
inflammation
-logist
specialist in the study of
-malacia
softening
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition, increase (used primarily w/ blood cells)
-pathy
disease
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-phobia
fear
-plasm
formation, growth
-rrhagia
bursting forth (of)
-scope
instrument for examining
-scopy
visual examination
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
-therapy
treatment
-ous
pertaining to, relating to
-ia
condition
-ist
specialist
epi-
above, upon
eu-
good, normal
macro-
large
micro-
small
neo-
new
peri-
around
AS
aortic stenosis
ASD
atrial septal defect
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV
artrioventricular, arteriovenous
BBB
bundle-branch block
BP
blood pressure
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
coronary artery disease
CC
cardiac catherization; chief complaint
CHF
congestive heart failure
CV
cardiovascular
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
ECG, EKG
electrocardiogram
HF
heart failure
IAS
intraarterial septum
IVC
inferior vena cava
IVS
interventricular septum
LA
left atrium
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
LV
left ventricle
MI
myocardial infarction
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
RA
right atrium
RBC
red blood cell (s); red blood count
RV
right ventricle
SA
sinoatrial node
SVC
superior vena cava
VSD
ventricular septal defect
WBC
white blood cell(s); white blood count
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
EBV
epstein-barr virus
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus
HSV
Herpes simplex virus
KS
Kaposi's sarcoma
PCP
Pnuemocystis carinii pneuomonia
aneurysm
localized dilation of the wall of a blood vessel, introducing the risk for rupture
arrhythmia
irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat; aka dysrhythmia
arteriosclerosis
thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of arterial walls
atherosclerosis
most common form of arteriosclerosis, caused by accumulation of fatty substances within the walls of the arteries causing partial and eventually total occlusion
bruit
soft blowing sound heard on auscultation caused by turbulent blood flow
coronoary heart disease
abnormal condition that may affect the heart's arteries and produce various pathological effects, especially the reduced flow of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium
deep vein thrombosis
formation of a blood clot in a deep vein of the body, occuring most frequently in the iliac and femoral veins
embolus
mass of undissolved matter present in a blood or lymphatic vessel brought there by the blood or lymph current
fibrillation
irregular, random contraction of heart fibers
heart failure
condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the metabolic requirement of body tissues
hypertension
consistently elevated blood pressure that is higher than normal causing damage to the blood vessels and ultimately the heart
ischemia
decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part due to an interruption of blood flow
mitral valve prolapse
condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole, resulting in incomplete closure and backflow of blood
murmur
abnormal sound heard on auscultation, caused by defects in the valves or chambers of the heart
myocardial infarction
necrosis of a portion of cardiac muscle caused by partial or complete occlusion of one or more coronary arteries; aka heart attack
patent ductus arteriosis
failure of the ductus arteriosis to close after birth, resulting in an abnormal opening b/w the pulmonary artery and the aorta
Raynaud phenomenon
numbness in fingers or toes due to intermittent constriction of arterioles in the skin
rheumatic heart disease
streptococcal infection that causes damage to the heart valves and heart muscle, most often seen in children and young adults
stroke
damage to part of the brain due to interruption of its blood supply, commonly caused by blockage of an artery. bleeding within brain tissue is another cause of strokes
transient ischemic attack
temporary interference with blood supply to the brain, causing no permanent brain damage
varicose veins
swollen distended veins caused by incompetent venous valves, most common seen in lower legs
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
deficiency of cellular immunity induced by infection w/ HIV, characterized by increasing susceptibility to infections, malignancies, and neurological disease
lymphadenitis
inflammation and enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually as a result of infection
mononucleosis
acute infection caused by the epstein-barr virus characterized by sore thoat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
any of a heterogenous group of malignant tumors involving lyphoid tissue except for hodgkin disease, previously called lymphosarcoma
cardiac catheteriztion
insertion of a small tube (cathether) though an incision into a large vein, usually of an arm (brachial approach) or lef (femoral approach), which is threaded through a blood vessel until it reaches the heart
cardiac enzyme studies
battery of blood tests performed to determine the presence of cardiac damage
echocardiography
ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, to visualize internal cardiac structures and motion of the heart
electrocardiography
creation and study of graphic records produced by electric activity generated by the heart muscle also called cariography
Holter monitor
monitoring device worn on the patient for making prolonged electrocardiograph recordings (usually 24 hours) on a portable tape recorder while conducting normal daily activities
stress test
method of evaluating CV fitness. While exercising, usually on a treadmill, the individual is subjected to steadily increasing levels of work. At the same time, the amount of oxygen consumed is measured while an ECG is administered
troponin I
blood test that measures protein that is released into the blood by damaged heart muscle (not skeletal) and is a highly sensitive and specific indicator of recent MI
bone marrow aspiration biospsy
removal of living tissue, usually taken from the sternum or iliac crest, for microscopic examination of bone marrow tissue
lymphangiography
radiographic examination of lymph glands and lymphatic vessels after injection of contrast medium
angioplasty
any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow. the blocked vessel is usually opened by balloon dilation
coronary artery bypass
surgery that involves bypassing one or more blocked arteries to increase blood flow
thrombolytic therapy
administration of drugs to dissolve a blood clot
valvuloplasty
plastic or restorative surgery on a valve, especially a cardiac valve
angi/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
artery
atri/o
atrium
cardi/o
heart
electr/o
electric
lymph/o
lymph
phleb/o
vein
ven/o
vein
thromb/o
blood clot
ventricul/o
ventricle (of heart or brain)
cerebr/o
cerebrum
hem/o
blood
my/o
muscle
necr/o
death, necrosis
scler/o
hardening; sclera (white of eye)
-ectomy
excision, removal
-lysis
seperation; destruction; loosening
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-tomy
incision
-cardia
heart condition
-cyte
cell
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
-gram
record, writing
-graphy
process of recording
-lith
stone, calculus
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement
-oid
resembling
-ole, -ule
small, minute
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-pathy
disease
-phagia
swallowing eating
-phobia
fear
-pnea
breathing
-rrhexis
rupture
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
-um
structure, thing
anti-
against
bi-
two
brady-
slow
endo
in, within
epi-
above, upon
micro-
small
peri-
around
tachy-
rapid
tri-
three
chol/e
bile, gall
choledoch/o
bile duct
cholecyst
gallbladder
cyst/o
bladder
-stomy
forming an opening
therm
heat
hepat
liver
pancreat
pancreas
tox
poison
Ba
barium
BaE, BE
barium enema
cm
centimeter
CT scan, CAT scan
computed tomography scan
Dx
Diagnosis
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
FBS
fasting blood sugar
GTT
glucose tolerance test
HCl
hydrochloric acid
IBD
inflammatory bowel disease
IVC
intravenous cholangiography
UGI
upper gastrointestinal series
UGIS
upper gastrointestinal series
US
ultrasonography, ultrasound
BM
bowel movement
GI
gastrointestinal
HAV
hepatitis A virus
HBV
hepatitis B Virus
PE
physical examination
RUQ
right uppper quadrant
appendicitis
inflammaiton of the appendix, usually acute and caused by blockage of the appendix that is followed by infection. When left untreated, it rapidly leads to perforation and peritonitis
ascites
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen
boryborygmus
gurgling or rumbling sound heard over the large intestine, caused by gas moving through the intestines
cirrhosis
chronic liver disease characterized pathologically by destruction of liver cells that eventually leads to ineffective liver function and jaundice
colonic polyposis
polyps, which are small benign growths that project from the mucous membrane of the colon
Crohn disease
chronic inflammatory bowel disease usuually affects the ileum, but may affect any portion of the intestinal tract. it is distinguished from closely related bowel disorders by its inflammatory pattern
dysentery
term applied to many intestinal disorders, especially of the colon, characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps
fistula
abnormal passage from one organ to another, or from a hollow organ to the surface.
hematochezia
passage of stools containing bright red blood
hemorroid
mass of enlarged, twisted varicose veins in the mucous membrane inside or just outside the rectum; also known as piles
hernia
protusion or projectioon of an organ or a part of an organ though the wall of the cavity that normally contains it
inflammatory bowel disease
ulceration of mucosa of the colon. ulcerative colitis and crohn disease are forms of this
irritable bowel syndrome
abnormal increase in the motility of the small and large intestines that generally is associated with emotional stress
jaundice
yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclerae of the eyes, caused by excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood
polyp
small tumor like
diverticular disease
bulging pouches in GI tract that push mucosal lining thru surrounding muscle
polyposis
general term for a condition in which polyps develop in the intestinal tract
ulcer
open sore or lesion of the skin or mucous membrane, accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue
Volvulus
twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction. ususally requires surgery to untwist the loop of bowel
barium edema
radiographic examination of the rectum and colon after administration of barium sulfate (radiopaque contrast medium) into the rectum
Barium swallow
radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine after oral administration of barium sulfate
stool guaiac
test performed on feces using the reagent gum guaiac to detect the presence of blood in the feces that is not apparent on visual inspection also called hemoccult test
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
use of shock waves as a noninvasive method to destroy stones in the gallbladder and biliary ducts
lithotripsy
procedure for removing calculus in the gallbladder, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder
nasogastric intubation
insertion of a nasogastric tube though the nose and into the stomach
col/o
colon
colon/o
colon
dent/o
teeth
odont/o
teeth
duoden/o
duodenum
enter/o
intestine (usually small intestine)
esophag/o
esophagus
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gum
gloss/o
tongue
lingu/o
tongue
hepat/o
liver
ile/o
ileum (second part of small intestine)
jejun/o
mouth
or/o
mouth
stomat/o
mouth
pancreat/o
pancreas
proct/o
anus, rectum
ptyal/o
saliva, salivary gland
sial/o
saliva, salivary gland
rect/o
rectum
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
aer/o
air
carcin/o
cancer
hemat/o
blood
lith/o
stone, calculus
maxill/o
maxilla, (uppper jaw bone)
ptyal/o
saliva
therm/o
heat
tox/o, toxic/o
poison
-emesis
vomiting
-pepsia
digestion
-ab
from, away from
dys-
bad, painful, difficult
epi-
above, upon
hyper-
excessive, above normal
hypo-
under, below, deficient