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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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abdominal
Abdonmin/o

abdomen

- pertaining to the abdomen
cephal/ad
cephal = head
toward the head

Cephal/o
cranium
crani/o
skull
crani/al pertaining to the skull
gastr/ic
gastr/o
gastr/o

gastr = stomach
pertaining to the stomach
ili/ac
ili/o

ilium later flaring portion of the hip bone
pertaining to the flared portion of the hip bone
inguin/al
inguin/o

inguin - groin
inguin/al pertaining to the groin
lumb/ar
lumb/o

lumb - loin area or lower back
pertaining to the loin or lower back
pelv/ic
pelv/o

pelvis
pertaining to the pelvis
Spinal
spin/o

spin

pertaining to the spin or spinal column
Thorac/ic
thorac/o
thorac is chest
pertaining to the chest
peri/umbilic/al
umbilic/o
umbilic is naval
pertaining to the area around the umbilicus (navla)
chondr/oma
chondr/o
chondr is cartilage
cartilage
tumor composed of cartilage
cyt/o/meter
cyt/o
cyt is cell
instrument for measuring cells
hist/o/lysis
hist = tissure
separation, destruction or loosening of tissue
nucle/ar
nucle/o
nucleus
pertaining to the cellular, atomic or anatomical nucleus
anter/ior
anter/o
anterior is front
pertaining to the front of the body
caud/ad
caud/o
ad = toward
caud = tail
toward the tail
dist/al
dist/o
dist - far, farthest
pertaining to the farthest part from the center
dors/al
dors/o
dors back of the body
pertaining to the back of the body
infer/ior
infer/o
lower or below
pertaining to beneath or lower
later/ior
later/o
side to one side
pertaining to the side
super/medi/al
medi/o
super is above upper
medi is middle
pertaining to above the middle
poster/ior
poster/o
poster is back of body, behind
pertaining to the rear of the body or caudal (tail)
proxim/al
proxim/o
nearest point to the center of the body
pertaining to the center of the body
ventr/al
ventr/o
ventr means belly
pertaining to the belly side
medi/ad
ad is toward
medi is middle
toward the middle
hist/o/logist
hist is tissue
logist is specialist in the study of
specialist in the study of tissue
cyt/o/logy
cyt is cell
logy is study of
study of cells
cyt/o/lysis
cyt is cell
lysis is the separation, destuction of cells
destruction of a cell
cyt/o/toxic
-toxic is poison
sbstances that are detrimental or destructive to cells
ct
computed tomography
mri
magnetic resonace imaging
RUQ
Right Upper Quadrant
LUQ
Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ
Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ
Left Lower Quadrant
Dorsal cavitites
cranial and spinal
Ventral cavities
thoracic and abdominaopelvic
abdominopelvic
abdomin and pelvis
abd
abdonmen
AP
anteroposterior
Lat
lateral
PA
posteroanterior
CXR
chest x-ray
PET
postitron emission tomography
US
ultrasonography, ultrasound
SPECT
single-photon emission computed tomography
adhesion
band of scar tissue that are normally separate from each other
inflamation
protective response of body tissues, infections or allergy
sepsis
body's inflammatory response to infection, feverm elevated heart rate and respiratory rate and low blood pressure
endoscopy
visual examination of the interior organs and cavities with a special lighted instrument
fluoroscopy
radiographic procedure that uses a flurescent schreen instead of a photographic plate
dys-
poor
-plasia
growth or formation
lapar/o
abdomen
lapar/o/scope
instrument to view the inside of the abdomen
plantar
sole of the foot
pariety
outer wall of the body cavity
visceral
pertaining to an organ
abduction
Movement away from the median plane of the body or one of its parts
adduction
movement toward the plane of the body
inversion
turning inside out
superior
Toward the head or upper portion of a structure.
eversion
Turning outward
palmar
Pertaining to the palm of the hand.
inferior
Away from the head or toward the lower portion of a structure.
right hypochondriac
The upper right region beneath the ribs (when the abdominopelvic area is divided into 9 regions).
left iliac
The left lower lateral region of the body (when the abdominopelvic area is divided into 9 regions).
-pexy
suspension, fixation (of an organ)
-tomy
incision
-claisis
incision
-ectomy
excision, removal
-desis
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-plasty
surgical repair