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53 Cards in this Set

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acrophobia acr/o C.F

amnesia
fear of heights

loss of memory
aphagia

aphasia
inability to swallow

inability to speak
ataxia


cephalalgia
failure of muscular coordination

headache
cerebrospinal

craniotomy
relating to brain and spinal cord
excision of part of skull
cranioplasty

dyslexia
surgical repair of skull

difficulty reading words
electroencephalogram

electr=electricity
encephal = brain C.F.
-gram = record
recording of electrical activity of brain
encephalitis

encephalopathy
inflammation of brain

diseased brain
hemiparesis

hemiplegia
weakness on one side of body

paralysis on one side of body
hydrocephalus

hyperesthesia
water on brain

increased sensitivity to touch or stimulation
intracranial

laminectomy
within cranial or skull

surgical remova of part of the vertebrae
meningitis

neuralgia
inflammation of the mengis - covering of brain
sharp pain along nerve pathway
neuritis

neurologist
inflammation of nerve

specialist of nervous system
neurology

neuroma
study of nervous system

tumor made up of nerve cells
neuropathy

paraplegia
disease of nerve

paralysis below waste
paraesthesia

polyneuritis
tingling sensation, pins and needles
inflammation of several peripheral nerves at one time
psychologist
specialist who can talk to patients about emotional or personal matters.
psychosomatic
manifestation of physical symptoms resulting from mental state.
quadriplegia
paralysis of all four limbs - paralyzed from the neck down.
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by a misperception of body image. insufficient calories
bulimia
binge eating, forcing oneself to vomit after eating, purging
concussion of brain
injury or blow to the brain
epilepsy
a disorder of the nervous system in which abnormal electrical activity in the brain causes seizures
syncope
Light-headedness or fainting caused by insufficient blood supply to the brain.
anesthesia
Loss of sensation or feeling; induced artificially with drugs to permit painful procedures such as surgery
ASA

c

s
aspirin

with

without
ASHD

BP
arteriosclerotic heart disease

blood pressure
CAD

CCU

CHF
coronary artery disease

coronary care unit

congestive heart failure
CPR

DVT

ECK, EKG
cardiopulmonary resuscitation

deep vein thrombosis

electrocardiogram
MI

CABG
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT
ABGs

ARDS

COPD
arterial blood gases

acute respiratory distress syndrome

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CXR

ENT

O2
chest x-ray

ear, nose, throat

oxygen
PFT

SIDS

SOB
pulmonary function tests

sudden infant death synd

shortness of breath
T & A

TB

URI
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
tuberculosis

upper respiratory infection
CBC

RBC

WBC
complete blood count

red blood cell count

white blood cell count
Hgb, Hb

Hct

IV
hemoglobin

hematocrit

intraveneous
IVPB

KVO
intravenous piggyback

keep vein open
HSV
herpes simplex virus
lymph
colorless fluid that baths body cells and move through lymph system
lymph nodes
Small, bean-shaped structures found throughout the body. Lymph nodes produce and store infection-fighting cells.
immunity
ability of an organism to resist infection
natural immunity
ability of an organism to fight disease from birth
acquired immunity
immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination
toxin
poisonous substance
vaccination
inoculation
hypersensitivity
An increased or exaggerated response to stimuli.
allergy
A condition in which the body has an exaggerated response to a substance (eg food or drug). Also known as hypersensitivity
allergen
A substance capable of inducing hypersensitivity or an allergic reaction.
antibodies
Molecules in the blood or secretory fluids that tag, destroy, or neutralize bacteria, viruses, or other harmful toxins (see Antigens). They are members of a class of proteins known as immunoglobulins, which are produced and secreted by B lymphocytes in response to stimulation by antigens. An antibody is specific to an antigen.
bleeding time
Bleeding time is a medical test done on someone to assess their platelet function
blood transfusion
The transfer of blood or blood products from one person to another.
bone marrow biopsy
A long needle is inserted into the bone marrow to collect cells. In adults, the sample is usually taken from the back of the pelvic bone (the posterior superior iliac spine) or from the clavicle. The procedure is associated with some discomfort which may last a few hours.
bone marrow transplant
Procedure in which a patient's bone marrow is destroyed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy and replace with new bone marrow from a donor, usually a sibling with HL-A (human histocompatibility antigens) identical to the patient's.
polycythemia vera
a blood disorder where there is an increase in all blood cells, particularly red blood cells.