Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/56

Click to flip

56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
immun/o
immune - protect
immunology
study of the immune system
phagocyte
cell that engulfs (eats) foreign matter
phag /o
eat/swallow
-phylaxis
protection
anaphylaxis
type of protective reacation so extreme as to be life threatening
vaccination
administration of weakened or killed microorganisms to induce an immune response against the organism in order to induce immunity of an infectious disease
immunotherapy
treatment for allergy involving exposure to gradually increasing doses of the substance (allergen)
immunosuppresion
use of drugs or surgery to suppress a patients immune response (prevents organ rejection or slow autoimmune disease
immunization
inducing immunity to a particular infectious disease - may administer blood containing anitbodies to provide short term immunity (passive) or vaccination
skin tests
test to evaluate the body's reaction to foreign substances by applying amounts to the skin
Western blot
test used to detect HIV
immunodeficiency
state in which the immune system is unable to respond adequately
hypersensitivity
immune system produces an exaggerated response to a foreigh substance (allergy)
HIV-positive
presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
autoimmune disease
failure of the body to distinguish between self and non self - immune response directed against own tissues
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
(AIDS) caused by HIV extreme immunodeficiency
opportunistic infection
pathogens that would not normally cause a disease only when resistance is low
immunohepatology
study of the immune system and blood
ADL
activities of daily life
c
with
DRG
diagnosis related group
RN
Registered nurse
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
MD
medical doctor
AC
air conduction
PE
physical examination
BID
twice a day
h/hr
hour
Rx
prescription / treatment
w/o
without
OR
operating room
DO
doctor of osteopathy
pt
patient
BMR
basal metabolic rate
LPN
licensed practical nurse
OT
occupational therapy
PT
physical therapy /prothrombin time
s
without
R/O
rule out
ac
before meals
natural immunity
body mounts immune response on its own
artificially acquired immunity
vaccines that contain weakened or killed pathogens stimulate an immune response
active immunity
body's own lymphocytes and antibodies are involved
passive immunity
lymphocytes or anitbodies are introduced from other sources
complement
group of blood proteins that assist phagocytes
neutrophils
phagocyte in the blood that releases proteins that attract more immune cells
macrophages
phagocyte in the tissues
humoral immune response
specific immune response by B-cells
B-cells
specialized lymphocytes in the blood for specific immune response
antigen
foreign substance
plasma cell
activated B-cell
antibodies
react with and neutralize antigen
immunoglobulins
immune proteins or antibodies
cell-mediated immune response
specific immune response by T-cells
T-cells
specialized lymphocytes in cell mediated immune response - can also react to cancer, infected tissue cells, foreign cells, etc