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56 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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an/o
anus
perianal - around the anus
append/o
appendix
appendectomy - removal of the appendix
appendic/o
appendix
appendicitis - inflammation of the appendix
bucc/o
cheek
buccal mucosa - mucous membranes lining the inside of the mouth
cec/o
cecum
cecal - pertaining to the cecum
celi/o
belly, abdomen
celiac - pertaining to the belly, abdomen
cheil/o
lip
cheilosis - fissuring and dry scaling of the vermilion surface of the lips and angles of the mouth
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
cholecystectomy - surgical removal of the gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
choledochotomy - incision into the common bile duct
col/o
colon, large intestine
colostomy - opening to form a mouth for the colon, large intestine
colon/o
colon
colonic - pertaining to the colon
dent/i
tooth
dentibuccal - pertaining to the cheek and teeth
duoden/o
duodenum
duodenal - pertaining to the duodenum
enter/o
intestines, usually small intestine
enterocolistis - inflammation of the colon and small intestine
esophag/o
esophagus
esophageal - pertaining to the esophagus
faci/o
face
facial - pertaining to the face
gastr/o
stomach
gastrostomy - a surgical opening into the stomach
gingiv/o
gums
gingivitis - inflammation of the gums
gloss/o
tongue
hypoglossal - of or relating to the area under the tongue
hepat/o
liver
hepatoma - a tumor of the liver
ile/o
ileum
ilececal sphincter - a muscle between the ileum and cecum
jejun/o
jejunum
choledochojejunostomy - surgical creation of a passage uniting the common bile duct and the jejunum
labi/o
lip
labial - pertaining to the lip
lapar/o
abdomen
laparoscopy - visual examination of the abdomen
lingu/o
tongue
sublingual - beneath the tongue
mandibul/o
lower jaw, mandible
submandibular - pertaining to the area beneath the mandible, or lower jaw
odont/o
tooth
orthodontist - a person who specializes in straight teeth
or/o
mouth
oral - pertaining to the mouth
palat/o
palate
palatoplasty - surgery of the palate to restore form and function
pancreat/o
pancreas
pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas
peritone/o
peritoneum
peritonitis - inflammation of the peritoneum
pharyng/o
throat
pharyngeal - pertaining to the throat
proct/o
anus and rectum
proctologist - a person who specializes in the anus and rectum
pylor/o
pyloric sphincter
pyloroplasty - plastic surgery of the pylorus
rect/o
rectum
rectocele - hernial protrusion of part of the rectum into the vagina
sialaden/o
salivary gland
sialadenitis - inflammation of the salivary gland
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
sigmoidoscopy - visual examination of the sigmoid colon
stomat/o
mouth
stomatitis - inflammation of the mouth
uvul/o
uvula
uvulectomy - excision of the uvula
amyl/o
starch
amylase - starch enzyme
bil/i
gall, bile
biliary - pertaining to the bile
bilirubin/o
bilirubin (bile pigment)
hyperbilirubinemia - excess of bilirubin in the blood
chol/e
gall, bile
cholelithiasis - the presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
chlorhydr/o
hydrochloric acid
achlorhydria - absence of hydrochloric acid from the gastric juice
gluc/o
sugar
gluconeogenesis - the formation of glucose from glycerol and proteins rather than from carbohydrates
glyc/o
sugar
hyperglycemia - high blood sugar
glycogen/o
glycogen, animal starch
glycogenolysis - the breakdown of glycogen to glucose
lip/o
fat, lipid
lipoma - a benign tumor consisting of mature fat cells
lith/o
stone
lithogenesis - formation of calculi, or stones
prote/o
protein
protease - protein enzyme
sial/o
saliva, salivary
sialolith - a calculus formed in a salivary gland or duct
steat/o
fat
steatorrhea - an excessive amount of fat in the stool
-ase
enzyme
lipase - fat enzyme
-chezia
defecation, elimination of wastes
hematochezia - blood in the feces
-iasis
abnormal condition
choledocholithiasis - the presence of a gallstone in the common bile duct
-prandial
meal
postprandial - after a meal