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153 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Antiplatelet Antibodies
193. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Arachnodactyly
194. Marfan’s
Aschoff Bodies
195. Rheumatic fever
Auer Rods
196. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML type M3)
Autosplenectomy
197. Sickle cell anemia: switch a glu  val in β chain 198. Low O2 ↑ sickling 199. Aplastic crisis w/ B19 (Parvovirus ssDNA) infection 200. Salmonella osteomyelitis 201. Vaso-occlusive painful crisises 202. Hydroxyurea as Txt (↑ HbF) & Bone marrow transplant
Babinski
203. UMN lesion
Basophilic Stippling of RBCs
204. Lead poisoning
Bence Jones Protein
205. Multiple myeloma free light chains (either kappa or lambda) 206. Waldenstrom’s macroglobinemia
Birbeck Granules
207. Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Blue Bloater
208. Chronic Bronchitis (at least 3 months for at least 2 years of ecessive mucus secretion & chronic recurrent productive cough)
Boot-Shaped Heart
209. Tetralogy of Fallot
Bouchard’s Nodes
210. Osteoarthritis (Proximal IP joint of the fingers)
Boutonniere’s Deformity
211. Rheumatoid arthritis flex proximal & extend distal IP joints
Brown Tumor
212. Hyperparathyroidism
Brushfield Spots
213. Down’s
Call-Exner Bodies
214. Granulosa cell tumor: associated w/ endometrial hyperplasia & carcinoma 215. Granuloma-Theca cell tumor
Cardiomegaly with Apical Atrophy
216. Chagas’ Disease
Chancre
217. 1° Syphilis
Chancroid
218. Haemophilus ducreyi
Charcot Triad
219. Multiple sclerosis = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech
Charcot-Leyden Crystals
220. Bronchial asthma
Cheyne-Stokes Breathing
221. Cerebral lesion
Chocolate Cysts
222. Endometriosis
Chvostek’s Sign
223. Hypocalcemia facial spasm in tetany
Clue Cells
224. Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman’s Triangle
225. Osteosarcoma
Cold Agglutinins
226. Mycoplasma pneumoniae 227. Infectious mononucleosis
Condyloma Lata
228. 2° Syphilis 229. New coffee flavor at Bagel & Bagel
Cotton Wool Spots
230. HTN 231. Aka, cytoid bodies seen w/ SLE (yellowish cotton wool fundal lesions)
Councilman Bodies
232. Dying hepatocytes – HepB
Crescents In Bowman’s Capsule
233. Rapidly progressive (crescentic glomerulonephritis)
Currant-Jelly Sputum
234. Klebsiella
Curschmann’s Spirals
235. Bronchial asthma
Depigmentation Of Substantia Nigra
236. Parkinson’s
Donovan Bodies
237. Granuloma inguinale (STD)
Eburnation
238. Osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Ectopia Lentis
239. Marfan’s
Erythema Chronicum Migrans
240. Lyme Disease
Fatty Liver
241. Alcoholism
Ferruginous Bodies
242. Asbestosis - & Iron laden
Ghon Focus / Complex
243. Tuberculosis (1° & 2°, respectively)
Glitter Cells
244. Acute Pyelonephritis
Gower’s Maneuver
245. Duchenne’s MD use of arms to stand
Heberden’s Nodes
246. Osteoarthritis (Distal IP joint of the fingers)
Heinaz Body
247. G6PDH Deficiency
Heterophil Antibodies
248. Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
Hirano Bodies
249. Alzheimer’s
Hypersegmented PMNs
250. Megaloblastic anemia
Hypochromic Microcytic RBCs
251. Iron-deficiency anemia or β Thalassemia
Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction
252. Syphilis over-aggressive treatment of an asymptomatic pt. that causes symptoms 2° to rapid lysis
Joint Mice
253. Osteoarthritis (fractured osteophytes)
Kaussmaul Breathing
254. Acidosis / Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Keratin Pearls
255. Squamous Cell CA of skin Actinic Keratosis is a precursor
Keyser-Fleischer Ring
256. Wilson’s
Kimmelstiel-Wilson Nodules
257. Diabetic nephropathy: Nodular Glomerulosclerosis nodules of mesangial matrix
Koilocytes
258. HPV 6 & 11 (condyloma acuminatum - benign) and HPV 16 & 18 (malignant association)
Koplik Spots
259. Measles
Lewy Bodies
260. Parkinson’s (eosinophilic inclusions in damaged substantia nigra cells)
Lines of Zahn
261. Arterial thrombus
Lisch Nodules
262. Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinhausen’s disease) = pigmented iris hamartomas
Lumpy-Bumpy IF Glomeruli
263. Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis – prototype of nephritic syndrome
Mallory Bodies
264. Alcoholic hepatitis
McBurney’s Sign
265. Appendicitis (McBurney’s Point is 2/3 of the way from the umbilicus to anterior superior iliac spine)
Michealis-Gutmann Bodies
266. Malakoplakia lesion on bladder due to macros & calcospherites (M-G Bodies): usually due to E. Coli
Monoclonal Antibody Spike
267. Multiple myeloma this is called the M protein (usually IgG or IgA) 268. MGUS
Myxedema
269. Hypothyroidism
Negri Bodies
270. Rabies
Neuritic Plaques
271. Alzheimer’s
Neurofibrillary Tangles
272. Alzheimer’s
Non-pitting Edema
273. Myxedema 274. Anthrax Toxin
Notching of Ribs
275. Coarctation of Aorta
Nutmeg Liver
276. CHF = causing congested liver
Owls Eye Cells
277. CMV 278. Reed Sternburg Cells (Hodkins Lymphoma) 279. Aschoff cells seen w/ Rheumatic Fever
Painless Jaundice
280. Pancreatic CA (head)
Pannus
281. Rheumatoid arthritis, also see morning stiffnes that ↓ w/ joint use, HLA-DR4
Pautrier’s Microabscesses
282. Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma), Sezary
Philadelphia Chromosome
283. CML
Pick Bodies
284. Pick’s Disease
2 types of COPD
285. Pink Puffer – Type A: Emphysema 286. Blue Bloater – Type B: Bronchitis 287. Emphysema Centroacinar – smoking Panacinar -α1-antitrypsin deficiency
Podagra
288. Gout (MP joint of hallux)
Port-Wine Stain
289. Hemangioma
Posterior Anterior Drawer Sign
290. Tearing of the ACL
Psammoma Bodies
291. Papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid 292. Serous papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary 293. Meningioma 294. Mesothelioma
Pseudohypertrophy
295. Seen w/ Duchenne muscular dystrophy @ the claf muscles, due to ↑ fat
Punched-Out Bone Lesions
296. Multiple myeloma
Rash on Palms & Soles
297. 2° Syphilis 298. RMSF 299. Coxsackie virus infection: Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease
Red Morning Urine
300. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. You would use Ham’s test to confirm.
Reed-Sternberg Cells
301. Hodgkin’s Disease
Reid Index Increased
302. Chronic bronchitis = ↑d ratio of bronchial gland to bronchial wall thickness
Reinke Crystals
303. Leydig cell tumor
Rouleaux Formation
304. Multiple myeloma RBC’s stacked as poker chips
S3 Heart Sound
305. L→R Shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD) 306. Mitral Regurg 307. LV Failure
S4 Heart Sound
308. Pulmonary Stenosis 309. Pulmonary HTN
Schwartzman Reaction
310. Neisseria meningitidis impressive rash with bugs
Smith Antigen
311. SLE (also anti-dsDNA) 312. Malar Rash, Wire loop kidney lesions, Joint pain, False (+) syphilis test (VDRL) 313. 90% 14-45 yo females 314. also seen w/ use of INH; Procainamide; Hydralazine = SLE-like syndrome
Soap Bubble on X-Ray
315. Giant cell tumor of bone
Spike & Dome Glomeruli
316. Membranous glomerulonephritis = Nephrotic syndrome 317. Spike = basement membrane material & Dome = immune complex deposits (IgG orC3)
String Sign on X-ray
318. Crohn’s bowel wall thickening
Target Cells
319. Thalassemia in α Thalassemia w/ no α gene: Hydrops Fetalis & Intrauterine death associations = HbBarts
Tendinous Xanthomas
320. Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Thyroidization of Kidney
321. Chronic pyelonephritis
Tophi
322. Gout
Tram-Track Glomeruli
323. Membranoproliferative GN: Nephritic syndrome – basement membrane is duplicated into 2 layers
Trousseau’s Sign
324. Visceral ca, classically pancreatic (migratory thrombophlebitis) 325. Hypocalcemia (carpal spasm) 326. These are two entirely different disease processes and different signs, but they unfortunately have the same name.
Virchow’s Node
327. Supraclavicular node enlargement by metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Warthin-Finkeldey Giant Cells
328. Measles
WBC Casts
329. Pyelonephritis
Whipple’s Triad
330. CNS disfunction – Hypoglycemic episodes – glu injection reverses CNS Sympt’s
Wire Loop Glomeruli
331. Lupus nephropathy, type IV (diffuse proliferative form)
↑ AFP in amniotic fluid or mother’s serum
332. Spina Bifida 333. Anencephaly
↑ Uric Acid
334. Gout 335. Lesch Nyhan 336. Myeloproliferative Disorders 337. Diuretics (Loop & Thiazides)
↓ FEV1/FVC
338. COPD
“Ground Glass” on chest x-ray (Hyaline)
339. Due to Pneumocystis carinii 340. Seen w/ Atelectasia
Honey Combing of the lung
341. Seen w/ Asbestosis (a restrictive lung disease)
Crescents
342. Goodpastures syndrome (pneumonia w/ hemoptysis & rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis)
Linear Ig Deposits
343. Goodpastures syndrome
45 Degree Branch Points
344. Aspergillosis
PAS(+) Dutcher Bodies
345. Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia = ↑IgM = Hyperviscosity
“Ground Glass” in Abdomen(Hyaline)
346. Seen in the hepatocytes of healthy carriers of HBsAg in liver biopsies
“Signet Ring” Cells
347. Cells that replace the ovaries, due to Krukenberg’s tumor that has metastasized from the stomach
Ground Glass Appearance (Hyaline)
348. Seen w/ Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy oligodendrocytes 349. Nuclei seen in Papillary CA of the thyroid (malignant)
Congo Red
350. Shows amyloid deposition in plaques & vascular walls
Meningiomas & Progesterone
351. Some meningiomas have Progesterone receptors = rapid growth in pregnancy can occur
Tuberous Sclerosis Triad
352. Seizures; Mental retardation; Leukoderma (congenital facial white spots or macules): angiofibromas
Cowdry A Inclusions
353. Seen w/ Herpes Simplex Encephalitis – in oligodendroglia
Devic’s Syndrome
354. “Neuromyelitis Optica” 355. A variant of multiple sclerosis: rapid demyelination of the optic nerve & spinal cord w/ paraplegia
c-erb B2
356. Breast Cancer association
Foster-Kennedy Syndrome
357. A tumor causing blindness & loss of smell w/ papilloedema
Hoffman’s Sign
358. Flicking of the middle finger’s nail
Red Nucleus Destruction
359. Intention tremors of the arm
Ventral Spinocerebellar tr.
360. Unconscious proprioception of lower extremities
Dorsal Spinocerebellar tr.
361. Unconscious prorpioception & fine motor movements
Cuneocerebellar tr.
362. Unconscious proprioception & fine motor movements of upper extremities
Dorsal Column
363. Conscious proprioception of the body
Lateral Spinothalamic tr.
364. Pain & Temperature sensation
Ventral Spinothalamic tr.
365. Light touch perception
SVA
366. Taste & Smell
GSE
367. Muscles of the eye & of the tongue
SSA
368. Vision; Hearing; Equilibrium
GVA
369. Sensation of tongue; soft palate. Carotid Body & Sinus innervation
GVE
370. Edinger Westphal = parasympathetic eye innervation 371. Gland innervation = secretions 372. Viscera
GSA
373. Pain & temperature of face 374. Sensation of external ear
SVE
375. Innervation of muscles of masticaiton, facial expressions, larynx & pharynx
LMN Lesion
376. Werndig Hoffman (progressive infantile muscular atrophy) 377. Poliomyelitis
Sensory Pathway Lesion
378. Subacute Combined Degeneration = Friedrich’s Ataxia = B12 deficiency 379. Tabes Dorsalis (Neurosyphilis)
Both UMN & LMN Lesion
380. ALS = Lou Gherig’s Disease
Both Sensory & Motor Lesion
381. Brown Sequard 382. Anterior Spinal artery Occlusion
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
383. Controls circadian rhythm
Ventromedial Nucleus
384. Satiety center. Savage behavior & obesity when lesioned
Lateral Nucleus
385. Induces eating. Starvation when lesioned
Arcuate Nucleus
386. Releases PIF (dopa-ergic neurons)
Mamillary Body
387. Can have hemorrhages as seen in Wernicke’s Encephalopathy
Acanthocytes
388. RBSc w/ spiny projections. Seen in Abetalipoproteinemia. 389. Osteosarcoma (????)