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60 Cards in this Set

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Abdominial Perineal Resection
Removal to the anus, rectum, and sigmiod colon and creation of a permanment colostomy.
Adenoidectomy
Operation performed to remove the Adenoids.
Aminocentesis
diagnostic procedure performed by inserting a hollow needle through the abdominal wall into the uterus and withdrawing a small amount of fluid from the sac surrounding the fetus.
Amputation
is the loss of a body part -- usually a finger, toe, arm, or leg-- that occurs as the result of an accident or trauma.
Anastomosis
surgical connection between two structures.Commonly refers to a connection which is created between tubular structures, such as blood vessels or loops of intestine.
Abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy
A procedure to repair or remove an aneurysm in the aorta (the main artery from the heart to the body).
Atherosclerosis
A condition in which fatty material is deposited along the walls of arteries. This fatty material thickens, hardens, and may eventually block the arteries.
Arthroplasty
Surgery to relieve pain and restore range of motion by realigning or reconstructing a joint.
Arthroscopy
A surgical procedure orthopedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose and treat problems inside a joint.
Arthrotomy
A surgical incision into a joint.
Fine needle aspiration biopsy
Identifies the cause of an abnormal lump, mass, or lesion in your body. It is used in the diagnosis of breast, liver, and prostate disorders, as well as lung disease and liver tissue disease.
Blunt dissection
Separation of tissues by use of a blunt object. Provides least demage to muscles, organs and tissues.
Remember you saw this done during the V-P shunt insertions in the OR!!!!
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
Condition that affects the prostate gland in men.The prostate gets bigger, it may press on the urethra and cause the flow of urine to be slower and less forceful. "Benign" means the enlargement isn't caused by cancer or infection. "Hyperplasia" means enlargement. Density increases.
Biopsy
Removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination and/or culture, often to help the physician make a diagnosis.
Bronchoscopy
A diagnostic procedure in which a tube with a tiny camera on the end is inserted through the nose or mouth into the lungs. The procedure provides a view of the airways of the lung and allows doctors to collect lung secretions or tissue specimens
caesarean section (c-section)
a surgical procedure where a baby is delivered through an incision made in the mother's abdominal wall, and then through the wall of the uterus.
Cauterization
The act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing.
Chest Physiotherapy
is a means of clearing the lungs of accumulated mucus. It uses gravity and physical therapy to help move the secretions out of the lungs and stimulate coughing. It is used for persons with increased amounts of mucus or thick secretions, those with weak breathing muscles, or individuals with ineffective coughs. CPT consists of clapping, vibration, deep breathing, and coughing.
Cholangitis
An infection of the common bile duct, which carries bile (which helps in digestion) from the liver to the gallbladder and then to the intestines
Colporrhaphy
Surgical repair of the vagina. The -rrhaphy part of the word comes from the Greek raphe meaning suture.
Cholecystectomy
The surgery to remove the gallbladder
Colonoscopy
Is a procedure that enables an examiner (usually a gastroenterologist) to evaluate the appearance of the inside of the colon (large bowel).
Cystocele
Bulging of the bladder into the vagina. From cysto- (the bladder) + -cele (hernia) because the bladder herniated into the vagina. Also called a cystic hernia.
Dilatation and curettage
A minor operation in which the cervix is expanded enough (dilatation) to permit the cervical canal and uterine lining to be scraped with a curet (or curette), an instrument shaped like a spoon. This procedure also is called D and C
Diverticulitis
Inflammation of the diverticula (small outpouchings) along the wall of the colon, the large intestine. (One outpouching is a diverticulum; two or more are diverticula).
Enucleation
The surgical removal of an eye. Only done under drastic circumstances such as to remove a malignant tumor in the eye or to relieve intolerable pain in a blind eye. Following enucleation, an artificial eye (ocular prosthesis) is implanted as a cosmetic substitute for the real eye.
Gastrectomy
Surgery to remove part of all of the stomach.
Hemorrhoidectomy
Surgical removal of hemorrhoids (enlarged and dilated veins in and around the rectum and anus). Hemorrhoidectomy is usually reserved for severe hemorrhoids if more conservative treatment measures fail to alleviate the symptoms (burning, itching, swelling, protrusion, bleeding, and pain).
Herniorrhaphy
The surgical repair of a hernia. Herniorrhaphy may be done under local or general anesthesia using a conventional incision or a laparoscope.
Hysterectomy
A surgical operation to remove the uterus and, sometimes, the cervix. Removal of the entire uterus and the cervix is referred to as a total hysterectomy. Removal of the body of the uterus without removing the cervix is referred to as a subtotal hysterectomy.
Ileostomy
Involves bringing the ileum (the last portion of the small intestine) to the abdominal surface. When waste matter reaches the ileum it is liquid, so an appliance is needed to collect it. However, a type of ileostomy called a Koch's pouch or continent ileostomy does not require an appliance. The physician and surgeon discuss these choices with the patient.
Intubation
The process of putting a tube into a hollow organ or passageway, often into the airway. The opposite of intubation is extubation.
Lobectomy
An operation done to remove a lobe of an organ such as the lobe of a lung or a lobe of the thyroid gland.
Mastectomy
A general term for removal of the breast. usually to remove cancerous tissue.
Mastoidectomy
A surgical procedure to remove an infected portion of the bone behind the ear when medical treatment is not effective. This surgery is rarely needed today because of the widespread use of antibiotics.
Myomectomy
The surgical removal of fibroids from the uterus. It allows the uterus to be left in place and preserves fertility.
Oophorectomy
The removal of one or both ovaries by surgery. Also known as ovariectomy.
Nephrectomy
Is the surgical procedure of removing a kidney or section of a kidney.
Neurogenic bladder
Is a dysfunction that results from interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination.
Pancreaticoduodenectomy
The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.
Pilonidal cyst or sinus
An abscess (localized collection of pus) or a chronic draining sinus (canal or passage leading to an abscess) located in the opening between the buttocks muscles. This cyst may have a deep cavity containing hair and may be without symptoms unless it becomes infected.
Pneumoarthrogram
Is simply the finding of gas-density within the joint and signifies that no joint effusion is present. It is a reliable sign and of great value when identified.
Prostatectomy
Is an operation to remove all or part of the prostate---the walnut-sized gland in the groin that produces the fluid in male semen
Rectocele
Is a bulge of the front wall of the rectum into the vagina.
Rectovagina fistula
An opening that forms in the tissue between the rectum and vaginal that gets lined with epithelial cells. (It resembles an empty blood vessel.) Sometimes it is so small that only gas passes. Sometimes it is larger so that feces pass too.
Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection:
A major surgical procedure performed deep in the abdomen removing the LYMPH NODES that filter lymph from the testes.
Salpingo-oophorectomy
Removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Salpingectomy
Is the removal of one or both of a woman's fallopian tubes, the tubes through which an egg travels from the ovary to the uterus.
Tuboplasty/salpingoplasty/fimbrioplasty
These procedures are used to repair the fallopian tubes when they have become damaged. Today these procedures are usually performed by laparoscopy.
Thoracoplasty
Surgical removal of part of the ribs to cause the collapse of a diseased lung.
otal Hysterectomy
Complete surgical removal of the uterus and cervix.
Tracheotomy
is a surgical procedure in which a cut or opening is made in the windpipe (trachea). The surgeon inserts a tube into the opening to bypass an obstruction, allow air to get to the lungs, or remove secretions. The term tracheostomy is sometimes used interchangeably with tracheotomy.Strictly speaking, however, tracheostomy usually refers to the opening itself while a tracheotomy is the actual operation.
Urolithiasis
Is a condition in which crystals in the urine combine to form stones, also called calculi or uroliths. These can be found anywhere in the urinary tract, where they cause irritation and secondary infection. Most end up in the bladder or urethra.
Craniotomy
Surgery done to open part of the skull, or cranium. This procedure is needed when a person has a condition or injury that affects the brain, its tissues, or its blood vessels.
Excision
To remove by or as if by cutting:
Hysteropexy
Surgical fixation of a displaced uterus.
Orchidectomy
(sometimes called orchiectomy) is done to slow down the growth of prostate cancer. It is an operation to remove your testicles (testes). Prostate cancer feeds on testosterone, the male sex hormone
Pneumonectomy
Is the surgical removal of a lung, usually as a treatment for cancer
Osteomalacia
"soft bones". Osteoid is the bone protein matrix, composed primarily of type 1 collagen. When there is insufficient mineral or osteoblast dysfunction, the osteoid does not mineralize properly, and it accumulates. Many cases of osteomalacia are related to abnormalities in vitamin D.
Salpingoplasty
operative fixation of the fallopian tube.