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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List some causes of lung abscesses?
SOAP

Septic emboli
Obstruction (i.e., foreign body, tumor)
Aspiration (i.e., alcohol, bulbar palsy, achalasia)
Pulmonary infarct/Pneumonia
List some causes of a middle mediastinal mass
HABITS

Hematoma
Aneurysm
Bronchogenic cyst
Inflammation (i.e., sarcoid, histoplasmosis, coccidomycoses, tuberculosis)
T5-Tumors (lung, lymphoma, leukemia, leiomyoma, lymph node hyperplasia)
Give six causes of bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy
Please Helen, Lick My Popsicle Stick

Primary TB
Histoplasmosis
Lymphoma
Metastases
Pneumoconiosis
Sarcoidosis
List the common causes of a transudative pleural effusion
CHARM

Carditis/Cardiac failure
Hypothyroidism
Albuminemia (hypo)
Renal failure
Meig's syndrome/Malabsorption
List some common associations with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
The 5 C's

Clubbing
Cyanosis
Crackles
Cough
Corticosteroids
What are the common histological subtypes of lung malignancy?
SEAL

Small cell (oat cell)
Epidermoid/squamous
Adenocarcinoma
Large cell
What are some of the aggravating factors of asthma?
Drives ASTHMA
Drugs (i.e., beta-blockers, ACE-inhibitors)

Allergens
Stress/Sports/Smoking
Temperature (cold)
Heart burn (reflux)
Microbes (i.e., respiratory tract infections)
Anxiety
What are some causes of a chronic cough in a non-smoker with a normal CXR?
HARD

Heart failure (mitral stenosis)
Asthma
Reflux (gastroesophageal)
Drugs (i.e., beta-blockers, ACE-inhibitors)
List some causes of an exudative pleural effusion
PINTARS

Pneumonia (pancreatitis
Infarction
Neoplasm
Tuberculosis/Trauma
Abscess
Rheumatoid arthritis
Sarcoidosis/SLE/Scleroderma
List some clinical features of CF
CF PANCREAS
Chronic cough
Failure to thrive

Pancreatic insufficiency
Alkylosis and hypotonic dehydration
Neonatal obstruction (meconium ileus)
Clubbing of the fingers/Characteristic CXR
Rectal prolapse
Electrolyte (Na sweat test)
Atresia of the vas deferens
Sputum colonized with S. aureus or Pseudomonas aureginosa
What are the causes of upper lobe pulmonary fibrosis?
CHARTS

Coal worker's pneumoconiosis
Histiocytosis X
Ankylosing spondylosis/Aspergilosis
Radiation
Tuberculosis
Silicosis/Sarcoidosis
List some causes of lower lobe pulmonary fibrosis
RASIO

Rheumatoid arthritis
Asbestosis
Scleroderma
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Other (drugs, i.e., busulphan, bleomycin, nitrofurantoin, hydralazine, methotrexate, amiodarone)
List some common causes of a pneumothorax
ST. PAT'S Football Club

Spontaneous
Trauma

Pneumonia/positive ventilation
Abscess/Asthma
Tuberculosis
Sarcoidosis

Fibrosing alveolitis
Carcinoma/Chronic obstructive airways disease/Cystic fibrosis