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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
I - Illness
M - Medication
S - Stress
A - Allergy
F - Fatigue
E - Eating
Visual Illusions
1. Autokenesis
- Staring @ A Single Point Of Light (Against A Dark Background)
- For < A Few Seconds
- Light Appears To Move On Its Own

- Focus On Objects @ Varying Distances
- Don't Fixate On One Target
- Maintain Normal Scan Pattern

2. Night Myopia
- Night-Induced Nearsightedness
- With Nothing To Focus On Your Eye Will Focus On A Point Just Ahead Of The Aircraft

- Focus On Distant Light Sources (No matter How Dim)
- More Than One Point
-> To Prevent Autokenesis

3. False Horizon
- When Natural Horizon Is Obscured Or Not Apparent
- Can Confuse Bright Stars, City Lights, Shore Lines, etc...
- With The True Horizon
- Increase In Breathing Rate & Depth
- Excessive Loss Of Carbon Dioxide
- Can Result In Unconsciousness

Prevention / Cure:
- Conscious, Normal Breathing
- Talking Aloud
- Paper Bag
1. Hypoxic Hypoxia
- Most Lethal
- Not Enough Pressure In The Atmosphere To Force Oxygen Into The Cells

2. Hypemic Hypoxia
- Blood Deficiency
- Blood Is Not Able To Carry A Sufficient Amount Of Oxygen To The Cells
- Carbon Monoxide Is The Most Common Hypemic Hypoxia

3. Stagnant Hypoxia
- Poor Circulation
- Oxygen Can Not Be Effectively Pumped To The The Cells

4. Histotoxic Hypoxia
- Inability Of Cells To Effectively Use Oxygen Once It Reaches The Cells
- Oxygen Inhaled May Reach The Cell In Adequete Amounts, But The Cell Is Unable To Accept The Oxygen Once It Is There
Caused By:
Alcohol, Drugs, Narcotics Or Poisons

- Good Physical Condition
- Healthy Diet
- Avoid Alcohol & Smoking
- Avoid Temp. Extremes
- *Avoid Rapid Acents*
- Fly @ Lower Altitude
- Use Supplemental Oxygen
Supplemental Oxygen
Page: 187 Far/Aim
1. 15,000+ Ft. MSL
- All Fight Crew Must Use Oxygen The Entire Flight
- Each Passangers Must Be Provided Oxygen

2. 14,000 - 15,000 Ft. MSL
- All Fight Crew Must Use Oxygen The Entire Flight

3. 12,500 - 14,000 Ft. MSL
- All Flight Crew Must Use O2 - If Between These Altitudes For More Than 30 Minutes
Night Ops, Rods & Cones
Night Vision
- Avoid Bright Lights 30 Minutes Before And During Flights
- Use Red Cockpit Lights
- Blink
- Use Vitamin A & C
- Scan In Short 10 Degree Increments
- Off Center Viewing

- Rod # Increases As Distance From Fovea Increases
- Most Of Periferal Vision
- View Objects @ Night 5 - 10 Degrees Off Center
- Take About 30 Minutes To Adapt To Dark

- Best For Day Vision
- Sees Colors
- Blind Spot Where Retina Meets Optic Nerve
5 Hazardous Attitudes
- Attitudes That Affect The Quality Of Your Decisions

1. Anti-Authority
- Don't Like Being Told What To Do
- Regarding Rules & Regulations As Unnecessary
- Follow The Rules, They're Usually Right

2. Impulsivity
- The Need To Do Something, Anything, Immediately
- No Consideration For The Best Alternative
- Do The First Thing That Comes To mind
- Not So Fast, Think First

3. Invulnerability
- Accidents Happen Only To Others
- Take Chances & Increase Risk
- It Can Happen To Me

4. Macho
- Must Prove Superiority To All By Taking Risks
- Taking Chances Is Foolish

5. Resignation
- Leaving Action To Others
- Blame Others For Actions
- I'm Not Helpless, I Can Make The Difference