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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 Parts of the respiratory system
Inhalation and exhalation
Medical term for throat
Pharynx
Three parts of the throat
Nasalpharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
Where are each of the aforementioned parts?
back of the nose; back of the mouth; right above the larynx
Medical term for nostrils
Nares
Hairs in the nose
Scilia
Thing in the back of the throat
Uvula
Space between the lungs
Mediastinum
What are the shapes of the lungs?
Left- longer and narrower; 2 lobes
Right - shorter and wider; 3 lobes
Why is the right lung shorter?
Liver sits under it
Indentation on the side of the lung
Cardiac notch
Double-layered membrane covering the lung.
Pleura, sing. plurae, pl.
Space between the layers
Plaural cavity
Infection in the pleural cavity
Pleurisy aka pleuritis
The layer of the pleura adhering to the lung.
Visceral pleura
Outer portion of the pleura adhering to the ribs.
Parietal pleura
A big membrane which separates the thorax from the abdomen
Diaphragm
When we exhale it moves:
Up
Muscles between the ribs.
Intercostal muscles
Air in the chest cavity. Can result in a collapsed lung.
Pneumothorax
medical term for a collapsed lung
Atelectasis
Performed under controlled conditions by a doctor for the purpose of performing surgery on the lung.
Artificial pneumothorax
Blood in the chest cavity
Hemothorax
A lung disease from the inhalation of volcanic dust.
Pneumoultramicroscopicsiliovolconiconiosis
Obstruction in the intestine.
Ileus
To spread; a physical process
Diffusion
A general term for any lung disease due to inhaling something.
Pneumonoconiosis
Contracted by inhaling coal dust and its aka.
Anthracosis aka Miner's lung or Black lung.
Contracted by inhaling particles of iron or steel
Siderosis
Contracted by inhaling silica dust
Silicosis
Contracted by inhaling stone dust
Chalicosis
Alveoli become overstretched as a result of cigarette toxins.
Emphysema
A crackling sound heard in the lungs
Rales
A rattling sound in the throat. Typical of upper respiratory infections. Heard without a stethoscope
Rhonchi/Rhonchus sing.
A whistling sound made from breathing. A sound heard if a person is choking on something
Stridor
A leathery membraine that forms over the tonsils and makes the neck swollen
Diphtheria
The result of an infection from a certain kind of microorganism. A disintegration of the tissues.
Pulmonary tuberculosis aka consumption or phthisis
a little bump which form on the dead tissue of the lungs
Tubercle
What a person's lungs look like with tuberculosis
Caseous, cheese-like
Where else can tuberculosis occur?
The hip
A productive cough
Expectoration
Old word for cough
Tussis
Pus in the pleural cavity
Empyema
Producing pus
Pyogenic
Spitting up blood
Hemoptysis
Process by which particulate matter in a solution rises to the surface. (flakes)
Flocculation
opening for a tube up in the nasopharynx that leads from there up to the ear.
Eustachian tube
keeps everything moist. In the nose and the pharynx.
Mucous membrane
Masses of lymphoid tissue
Tonsils
Back of the mouth, one on each side to the entrance of the throat
Palatine tonsils
up high at the back of the nose, above the soft palate.
Pharyngeal tonsil (adenoids)
Passageway from the mouth to the throat
Fauces
Voicebox
Larynx
3 parts of the larynx
Thyroid cartilage, Crycoid cartilage, Arytenoid cartilage (2)
Function of the arytenoid
lumps of tissue and help to control the vocal cords.
Windpipe and its placement
Trachea, under the larynx
Keeps the trachea open so oxygen can go down
Cartilage rings
The tube or passageway that leads from the throat to the stomach
Esophagus (gullet)
Little mass of food that you swallow
Bolus
Closes over the trachea whenever we swallow, piece of tissue
Epiglottis
The way air goes
See notes
No breathing
Apnea
Difficult breathing
Dyspnea
Straight breathing; mostly sitting up
Orthopnea
Normal respiration
Eupnea
Lack of oxygen to the brain
Anoxia
Lack of oxygen to the tissues
Hypoxia
Saturated
Perfused
2 names for a clot
Embolus, thrombus
a chest puncture. Used to draw off fluid that has accumulated in the chest. Done from the back.
Thoracentesis
has to do with pus, or to form pus.
Suppurate v./Suppuration n.
Has to do with a bacteria creating pus.
Pyogenic
High fever
Pyrexia
a portion of the brain that is the main area for respiratory muscle control
Respiratory control center