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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
protection of intellectual property
3 types of libel
falsity, fault, damaging
2 faults
negligence, actual malice
4 models of gov't
authoritarian, communist, libertarian, and social responsibility
3 libel defenses
truthfulness, fair comment, qualified privilege
John Milton's Aeropagetica
market place of idea theory: public decides what is true and false
shield laws
protects journalists when gov't attempts to disclose information
Tele. Act of 1934 Section 3.15
broadcasters provide equal airtime to opposing politicians
1968 Rating System
G, PG, R, X
using language to confuse
camera obscura
dark chamber of the camera
Niepce and Daguerre
developers of the photogrpahic process similar to the polaroid
William Henry Foxtalbut
developed the negative process to make multiple prints
Louis Hynde, Jacob Riis
social reform photographers
Leelam Stanford
first stop action photographer
Alfred Steeplets
took photogrpahy as an art form
Matt Brody, Roger Fenton
famous war photographers
George Eastman
Kodak founder, brought photography to the public
Ed Land
developed a glare-free lens and the polaroid system
illegal material (California v. Miller)
1st newspaper, how long?
Publick Occurrences, one issue
2nd newspaper, how long?
Boston Newsletter, lasted several years
yellow journalism, sensationalism
Pultizer and Hearst fought for the "Yellow Kid" comics
Most newspapers get their income from ...?
Journalists most valuable quality ...?
categorical imperative
rules based
Mill's utilitarianism
requires to do the most good for the most people
Aristotle's golden mean
sseek the middle ground in a philosophical dilemma
responding for the love of others
inverted pyramid story structure
places most important information on top
SPJ's 4 ethcial points
seek truth
minimize harm
act independently
be accountable
Murrow & McCarthy on "See It Now"
exposed McCarthy of communist-baiting tactics
early investigative journalists, named by Roosevelt
Halloween 1938, Orson Welles show
War of the Worlds
inventor of the TV
Philo Farnsworth
Edward Bernays
used Freudian psycology in the PR field
sumbliminal adverstising
hidden messages in ads
gov't deregualtion causes ...?
company mergers
media convergence
the use of modern technology to access traditional forms of media
pseudo event
an event created to attract media attention
cultural imperialism
when one culture controls another
ombudsmen, reader representatives
newspaper staff that act in the best interest of the reader
wire servies (i.e. Associated Press)
provides news to papers for a subscription fee
Nelly Bly
investigative journalist, she placed herself inside an insane asylum for a story
precision journalism
data collection and data analysis
USA Today
only recently became profitable
staff members that control the flow of information
selective exposure
what the audience does when choosing one media over another
joint operating agreements (JOA)
when newspapers share expenses in order to save money
"Cherokee Phoenix" created the Cherokee alphabet
Janet Cooke
Washington Post writer, fictionalized a heroin addict in her story, had to return her Pulitzer
torches of freedom
Bernay's idea of cigarettes for women
Radio Act of 1912
all ships need working radios (result of Titanic)
Upton Sinclair
wrote about Chicago stockyards in "The Jungle"
Ivy Lee
believed in honesty, worked with Rockafeller