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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is formal operational thought?
The ability to deal with abstractions and logical possibilities.
What are the different ways to search for identity?
Forclosed
Memoratium
Identity Achievemetn
Identity diffusion
Describe the development of sexual relationships in adolescence.
Sexual awakening
Practicing
Acceptance of sexual role
Development of a permanent love object
What are the different kinds of adaptation in normal adolescence?
Continuous growth
Surgent growth
Tumultuous growth
Describe Adolescence drug use.
- Alcohol and tobacco
- Peer pressure
- Psychosocial problems
- Personaility - anger, low frustration tolerance, low achievers, depression, eating problems
- Family factors - reduced care and attention, parental roles, anxious impulsive parenting
What factors predict conduct disorder?
Factors which predict delinquency (West):
- Low income families
- Large family size
- Parent criminality
- Lower intellectual ability
- Poor parental behaviour - maternal and paternal attitudes, discipline and conflict.
Describe the model for suicide causation.
Individual predisposition e.g. depressive illness, character disorder (agressive impulsive, perfectionist-rigid)

Social Milieu (can inhibit or facilitate)
- High or low rates in community, taboos, media display

Trigger factors
- Stress event (altered state of mind) e.g. hopelessness, intoxication, rage etc.
- Opportunity e.g. available method, privacy

These three itenms can lead to suicide.

PREVENTORS of these three factors:
Case finding and treatment
Media guidance, enhance taboos
Hotlines, Firearm education
Describe adolescent pregnancy.
35% of sexually active adolescent girls

Hazards
- maternal health
- low birth weight babies
- Social & economic risks
- Unskilled, unemployed, single or divorced

Why
- motivation
- school performance
- family history
- peer group
What are some eating disorders common in adolescence?
Obesity

Anorexia nervosa
- refusal to maintain body weight at a minimal normal weight for age and height
- Intense fear of weight gain
- Perceptual changes
- Amenorrhoea

Bulimia nervosa
- binge eating, out of control
- purgation, vomiting
- over-concern for body weight and size
- depression