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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
asthma
panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane, characterized by paroxysmal attacks of wheezing, dyspnea and cough
atelectasis
collapse of lung tissue
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma
lung cancer; cancer origination in the bronchi
bronchospasm
constriction of bronchi caused by spasm
bronchiectasis
abnormal dilation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus
emphysema
obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air and destructive changes in their walls resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD
permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
laryngitis
inflammation o fthe larynx
laryngotracheobronchitis
LTB
inflammation of the upper airways with swelling that creates a funnel shaped elongation of tissue causing a distinct, "seal bark" cough
laryngospasm
spasm of laryngeal muscle, causing a constriction
nasal polyposis
presence of numerous polyps in the nose
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
coryza
head cold; inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes
pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
empyema
pyothorax
accumulation of pus in the plueral cavity
hemothorax
blood in pleural cavity
pleuritis
pleurisy
inflammation of pleura
pneumoconiosis
chronic restrictive pulmonary disease resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts
pneumonia
an inflammation in the lung caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites or resulting from aspiration of chemicals
Pneumocystis Pneumonia
pneumonia caused by the pneumocystis carinii organism
pneumohemothorax
air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
pneumohemothorax
air and blood in the pleural cavity
pneumonitis
inflammation of the lung often caused by hypersensitivity to chemicals or dusts
pulmonary embolism
occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot
pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)
disease caused by the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs, characterized by the formation of tubercles, inflammation and necrotizing caseous lesions
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinuses
sleep apnea
periods of breathing cessation that occur during sleep, often causing snoring
tonsillitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils
upper rspiratory infection
URI
infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi