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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
spine_division
rachischisis
rachis(spine)chisis(division)
impaired/absent ability to communicate due to brain dysfunction
aphasia
vs. aphonia (loss of voice due to disease/injury)
abnormal tissue growth
neoplasm
neo (new) plasia(formation)
inflamed umbilicus
omphalitis
omphal(umbilicus) itis
carrying/producing sweat
sudoriferous
sudor(perspiration)
ferous (to bear)
hump-back condition
kyphosis
vs. scoliosis(curved spine)
fibrous tissue
fascia
fashea=band
layers BETWEEN ribs
intercostal
vs. intracostal (INSIDE ribs)
5 palm area bones of the hand
metacarpal
mass of undissolved matter in blood vessel
embolus
vs. thrombosis (condition of clot)
hump-back condition
kyphosis
vs. scoliosis(curved spine)
hump-back condition
kyphosis
vs. scoliosis(curved spine)
fibrous tissue
fascia
fashea=band
fibrous tissue
fascia
fashea=band
layers BETWEEN ribs
intercostal
vs. intracostal (INSIDE ribs)
layers BETWEEN ribs
intercostal
vs. intracostal (INSIDE ribs)
5 palm area bones of the hand
metacarpal
5 palm area bones of the hand
metacarpal
mass of undissolved matter in blood vessel
embolus
vs. thrombosis (condition of clot)
mass of undissolved matter in blood vessel
embolus
vs. thrombosis (condition of clot)
arterial narrowing affecting organs
ischemia
ischo(to keep back)
emia (blood)
absence of breathing
apnea (a=not)+ breathing
vs. dyspnea (distress in breathing)
windpipe/throat
pharynx
vs. larynx(produces voice)
vs. trachea(airtube from larynx to thorax)
breathing best when erect
orthopnea
ortho(erect) breath
bile ducts
choleang...
waste product in urine
urea
dull vision
amblyopia
washing out of material from any body/space
clysis
syn: lavage
prefix for pus
pyo

vs. pyro (fire)
vs. pyle (gate)
re: tail
caudal
belly
ventral
re: rib
costal

(it cost Adam's rib)
excessive fluid in peritoneal cavity (abdomen)
ascites
overgrowth of an organ
hypertrophy
enlargement of viscera/organ
organomegaly
brief loss of consciousness/fainting
syncope
below tongue
sublingual
yielding abundantly
copious
perform via vein
transvenous
abnormally increased coloring
hyperpigmentation
to widely distribute
diffuse
abnormal sound on auscultation of chest
rales, rhonchi, bruit
caste out waste
void
out of normal position
ectopic
ex: ectopic pregnancy
pertaining to 2 joints
bi/art/icular
biarticular
no sense of smell
anosmia
an/osmia (no smell)
nature or quality of bone
osseous
osseo (bony)
condition of dryness
xerosis
xer (dry condition)
ad (toward) adhere
vs.
ab (away from) aberrant
ambi (on both sides)
ambilateral
an (without) anoxia
ante (before) antecedent
cata (down) catatonic

con (with, together) concrete
de (lack of) dehydrate

di (two/twice) diplopia
dia (complete/through)
dialysis=complete separation
dis (reversal/separation)
disassociation
ecto (outside)
ectopic=outside normal place
en/endo (within)

ex/exo (outside)
infra (below/inferior)
infrasternal (below sternum)
vs
intra (within) intrauterine
meso (middle) meso
Mesopotamia=between rivers

meta (change) metamorphosis
pan (all) panhysterectomy


per (through) percutaneous
sym/syn (together,with)
symbionic
brachio (arm) brachio plexus


bucco (cheek)
dipso (thirst)
dipsosis (extreme thirst)
femoro (femur) thigh bone


fibulo fibula=lower leg
jejuno (small intestine)

kerato (cornea)
labio (lip)

vs.
lip (fat, lipid)
myo (muscle)

vs.
myelo (spinalcord/bone marrow)
onco (mass/tumor) oncology

oophoro (ovary)
radio/roentgen (rays, x-rays) radiology

roentgenography
pronunciation(rentgenography)
salpingo (uterine tubes)


sectio(to cut) section
stomato (mouth)

stomatitis= inflammation of mouth
spygmo (pulse)
spygmometer (measures pulse)
tibia (shin bone) the larger of two bones, the other being fibula
topo (location) topography

vaso (vessel/duct)
viscero (internal organs)

xantho (yellow)
xero (dry) xerosis

zygo (yoked/joined)
asthenia (lack of strength)

coccus (bacterial cell)
desis (binding)
arthrodesis=surgical fixation of joints
ectasis (dilation)
bronchiectasis=dilation of bronchi
lysis (destruction)
spondylolysis=degeneration of vertebra
odynia (pain)

ole, ule (small) arteriole
orrhaphy (suture)
herniorrhaphy (suture of hernia)
orrhage (to burst forth)
hemorrhage
osis (abnormal condition)

vs
isis (condition of
ptosis (drooping/prolapse)
blepharoptosis
vs
ptysis (spitting)
hemoptysis (spitting blood)
stasis (control of) hemostasis

trophy (development)
hypertrophy=excessive development
CBC

hemoglobin
complete blood count

Hgt
hematocrit


white blood cells
Hct


WBC's
red blood cells


red blood cell indices
RBCs


MCV, MCH, MCHC
pH (acidity in urine)
BUN/creatinine (measures kidney function)
liver function tests: AST, bilirubin, alkaline, phosphatase, SGOT, ALT, SGPT, LDH GGPT
blood work: protein, albumin-globulin ratio
BMP=
CMP=
SMAC-8=
SMAC-21=
basic metabolic profile
complete metabolic profile
8 chem tests
21 chem tests
ANTERIOR (in front of, forward part of) vs.
INFERIOR (below, beneath, downward)
APPOSE (to place side by side)

vs. OPPOSE (to place opposite)
arteritis (inflammed artery)

vs.
arthritis (inflammed joint)
aura (seizure-like)

vs.
aural (relating to ears/aura
auxiliary (secondary)


serosal (describes membrane)
caliber (diameter of hollow)

vs.
caliper (measures diameters)
CA cancer

Ca calcium
Carrasyn Hydrogel (wound dressing)
cor (the heart)
diffuse (scatter)

vs.
defuse (to calm a crisis)