Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/34

Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
presbycusis
Age-related hearing loss with gradually progressive inability to hear, especially high frequency sounds. Presbycusis most often occurs in both ears
tinnitus
noise or ringing in the ear
Myringoplasty
is an operation to repair a hole (perforation) in the eardrum (tympanic membrane). A perforation is usually caused by an infection in the middle ear that bursts through the eardrum. Can also be caused by trauma.
MYRINGOTOMY
is a surgical procedure in which a tiny incision is created in the eardrum, so as to relieve pressure caused by the excessive build-up of fluid, or to drain pus
OTOSCOPY
or auriscope is a medical device which is used to look into the ears
AUDIOMETRY
is the testing of hearing ability, involving threshholds and differing frequencies.Typically, audiometric tests determine a subject's hearing levels with the help of an audiometer
ABDUCTION
a type of movement which draws a limb away from the median plane of the body
INVERSION
movement of the sole towards the median plane
EVERSION
the anatomical term of motion denoting the movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane
EXTENSION
movement of a joint whereby one part of the body is moved away from another
FLEXION
The act of bending a joint or limb in the body by the action of flexors. The resulting condition of being bent.
PRONATION
is a rotational movement of the forearm at the radioulnar joint or of the foot at the subtalar and talocalcaneonavicular joints.
SUPINATION
in the forearm when the palm faces anteriorly
ROTATION
is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation
INTER-
a Latin prefix meaning "between", among, or "within a group"
SUPRA-
Above; over; on top of
SYM-
together, with
SYN-
joining together
ASTHENIA-
Loss or lack of bodily strength; weakness; debility
-CLASIA, -CLASIS, -CLASTAbove; over; on top of
condition involving crushing or breaking up
-DESIS
fixation/bind together by surgery
PHYSIS
the segment of a bone that is responsible for lengthening
-SCHISIS
a cleft or split. (cleft lip)
ANKYLOSIS
is a stiffness of a joint due to abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of the joint, which may be the result of injury or disease
BURSITIS
the painful inflammation of the bursa, a padlike sac found in areas subject to friction
MYELOMA
a tumor composed of cells of the type normally found in the bone marrow
OSTEOPENIA
A condition of bone in which there is a generalized reduction in bone mass that is less severe than that in osteoporosis, caused by the resorption of bone at a rate that exceeds bone synthesis.
OSTEOMALACIA
Osteomalacia is softening of the bones due to a lack of vitamin D or a problem with the body's ability to break down and use this vitamin
POLYMYOSITIS
means 'many muscle inflammation'.
RACHISCHISIS
is a developmental birth defect involving the neural tube. In utero, the neural tube fails to close completely. The anomaly originates as the posterior neuropore fail to close at the end of 27th intrauterine life. As a consequence the vertebrae overlying the open portion of the spinal cord do not fully form and remain unfused and open. Thus, the spinal cord is exposed. Patients with rachischisis have motor and sensory deficits, chronic infections, and disturbances in bladder function
SPONYLOSIS
is a term referring to degenerative osteoarthritis of the joints between the centra of the spinal vertebrae and/or neural foraminae
TENOSYNOVITIS
the inflammation of the fluid-filled sheath (called the synovium) that surrounds a tendon. Symptoms of tenosynovitis include pain, swelling and difficulty moving the particular joint where the inflammation occurs
OSTEOARTHRITIS (OA)
also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints including articular cartilage and subchondral bone
BUNION
also called hallux valgus): is a deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe, often erroneously described as an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe (metatarsophalangeal joint). As the great toe (hallux) turns in toward the second toe (angulation) the tissues surrounding the joint may become swollen and tender.