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64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the two main body cavities in the body?
dorsal and ventral
what is the dorsal body cavity broken into?
cranial and spinal cavities
what is the ventral cavity broken into?
thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities
diaphragm?
major respiratory muscle, seperates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
what is the anatomical position?
body is standing erect, arms by the side, head palms and feet are facing forward,
superior or cranial?
above, toward the head
inferior or caudal?
below, toward the lower end of the body or tail
anterior or ventral?
front surface of the body (belly side)
posterior or dorsal?
back surface of the body
medial?
toward the midline
lateral?
away from the midline
proximal?
nearest the point of attachment to the trunk, toward the point of origin
distal?
farthest from the point of attachment to the trunk, farthest from the point of origin
superficial?
near the surface of the body
deep?
away from the surface of the body
supine?
lying on the back, face up
prone?
lying on the abdomen, face down
plantar?
sole of the foot
dorsum?
upper portion of the foot
peripheral?
away from the center
what are the abdomino pelvic regions?
right and left hypochondraic region, right and left lumbar region, right and left illiac region, epigastric region, umbillical region and hypogastric region
what are the four quadrants?
RUQ, RLQ, LLQ, LUQ
frontal or coronal plane?
seperates a structure into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal plane?
seperates a structure into right and left sides (midsaggital is equal sides, parasaggital is unequal sides)
transverse plane?
seperates a structure into superior and inferior portions.
antero?
front
caudo?
tail
dorso?
back
infero?
inferior
inguino?
groin
medio?
middle
phreno?
diaphragm
postero?
posterior
proximo?
near
supero?
superior
ventro?
front
gastro?
stomach
epigastric?
pertaining to upon the stomach
hypogastric?
pertaining to below the stomach
ilio?
hip
iliac?
pertaining to the hip
-al?
pertaining to
caudal?
pertaining to the tail, toward the tail
cranial?
pertaining to the skull
dorsal?
pertaining to the back
inguinal?
pertaining to the groin
medial?
pertaining to the middle
proximal?
pertaining to that which is near a point of reference
spinal?
pertaining to the spine
ventral?
pertaining to the front
visceral?
pertaining to the internal organs
-ic?
pertaining to
pelvic?
pertaining to the pelvis
phrenic?
pertaining to the diaphragm
thoracic?
pertaining to the chest
-ior?
pertaining to
anterior?
pertaining to the front of the body or organ
inferior?
pertaining to below or in a downward position
posterior?
pertaining to the back of the body or an organ
superior?
pertaining to a structure or organ situated either above another or toward the head
LLQ?
left lower quadrant
LUQ?
left upper quadrant
RLQ?
right lower quadrant
RUQ?
right upper quadrant