Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/104

Click to flip

104 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abdomin/o
abdommen
adip/o
fat
anter/o
front
caud/o
tail
cephal/o
head
chondr/o
cartilage
crani/o
skull
cyt/o
cell
dist/o
away from
dors/o
back of body
epitheli/o
epithelium
hist/o
tissue
infer/o
below
later/o
side
medi/o
middle
muscul/o
muscle
neur/o
nerve
organ/o
organ
oste/o
bone
pelv/o
pelvis
poster/o
back
proxim/o
near to
somat/o
body
spin/o
spine
super/o
above
system/o
system
thorac/o
chest
ventr/o
belly
viscer/o
internal organ
epi-
above
ex. epigastric (above the stomach)
inter-
between
ex. intervertebral (between the vertebrae)
intra-
within
ex. intramuscular (within the muscle)
peri-
around or about
ex. pericardium (around the heart)
post-
behind or after
ex. postnasal (behind the nose)
retro-
behind or backward
ex. retrosternal (behind the sternum)
sub-
under or below
ex. substernal (below the sternum)
supra-
above
ex. suprosternal (above the sternum)
trans-
through or across
ex. transurethral (across the urethra)
integumentary system
function: forms protective two-way barrier & aids in temperature regulation
med. specialty: dermatology
musculoskeletal system
function: skeleton supports & protects the body, forms blood cells, and stores minerals. muscle produce movement
med. specialty: orthopedics, orthopedic surgery
cardiovascular system
function: pumps blood throughout the entire body to transport nutrients, oxygen & wastes
med. specialty: cardiology
blood (hematic) system
function: transports oxygen, protects against pathogens, & controls bleeding
med. speciality: hematologe
lymphatic system
function: protects the body from disease & invasion from pathogens
med. speciality: immunology
respiratory system
function: obtains nutrients for the body
med. speciality: otorhinolarynglolgy, pulmonology, thoracic surgery
urinary system
function: filters waste products out of the blood & removes them from the body
med. speciality: nephrology, urology
digestive system
function: obtains nutrients for the body
med. speciality: gastroenterology, proctology
female reproductive system
function: produces eggs for reproduction & provides place for growing baby
med. speciality: gynecology, obstetrics
male reproductive system
function: produces sperm for reproduction
med. speciality: urology
endocrine system
function: regulates metabolic activities of the body
med. speciality: endocrinology
nervous system
function: receives sensory information & coordinates the body's response
med. speciality: neurology, neurosurgery
special senses - eye
function: vision
med. speciality: opthalmology
special senses - ear
function: hearing and balance
med. speciality: otorhinolaryngology
sagittal/median plane
cuts the body/organ into left and right protions
frontal/coronal plane
cuts the body/organ into front and back portions
transverse/horizontal plane
cuts the body/organ into upper and lower portions
superior/cephalic
more toward the head, or above another structure
inferior/caudal
more toward the feet or tail, or below another structure
anterior/ventral
more toward the front or belly-side of the body
posterior/dorsal
more toward the back or spinal cord side of the body
medial
refers to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure
lateral
refers to the side
apex
tip or summit of an organ
base
bottom or lower part of an organ
proximal
located nearer to the point of attachment to the body
distal
located farther away from the point of attachment to the body
superficial
more toward the surface of the body
deep
further away from the surface of the body
supine
the body lying horizontally & facing upward
prone
the body lying horizontally & facing downward
abdonminal cavity
the superior portion of the adominopelvic cavity
organs: stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, & portions of the small intestines & colon
abdominopelvic cavity
ventral cavity consisting of the abdominal and pelvic cavities, contains digestive, urinary, and reproductive organs
cranial cavity
dorsal body cavity, within the skull
organs: brain
diaphragm
major muscle for inspiration, separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity
mediastinum
central region of the chest cavity
organs: heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus gland, aorta
parietal layer
outer pleural layer around the lungs, in lines the inside of the chest cavity
parietal peritoneum
the outer layer of the serous membrane sac lining the abdominopelvic cavity
parietal pleura
outermost layer of the serous membrane sac lining the thracic cavity
pelvic cavity
inferior portion of the abdominoopelvic cavity
organs: urinary bladder, ureters, utethra & portions of the small intestines & colon; female: uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina; male: prostate gland, seminal vesicles, portion of the vas deferens
pericardial cavity
cavity formed by the serous membrane sace surrounding the heart
peritoneum
membranous sac that lines the abdominal cavity and encases the abdominopelvic organs, the kidneys are an exception since they lay outside the peritoneum and alongside the vertebral column
pleura
a productive double layer of serous membrand around the lungs, the parietal membrane is the outermost layer and the visceral layer is the inner membrane. secretes a thin, watery fluid to reduce friction associated w/ lung movement
pleural cavity
cavity formed by the serous membrane sac surrounding the lungs
retroperitoneal
pertaining to behind the peritoneum, used to describe the position of the kidneys, which is outside the peritoneal alongside the spine
serous membrane
these membranes are found lining body cavities and secrete a thin, watery fluid that acts as a lubricant as organs rub against one another
spinal cavity
a dorsal body cavity within the spinal column that contains the spinal cord
thoracic cavity
a ventral body vavity in the shest area that contains the lungs and heart
viscera
the name for the internal organs of the body, such as the lungs, stomach, and liver
visceral layer
the inner pleural layer, it adheres to the surface of the lung
visceral peritoneum
the inner layer of the serous membrane sac encasing the abdominopelvic vescera
visceral pleura
the inner layer of the serous membrane sac enccasing the thoracic viscera
right hypochondriac
right lateral region of upper row beneath the lower ribs
epigastric
middle area of upper row above the lower ribs
left hypochondriac
left lateral region of the upper row beneath the lower ribs
right lumbar
right lateral region of the middle row at the waist
umbilical
central area over the navel
left lumbar
left lateral region of the middle row at the waist
right iliac
right lateral region of the lower row at the groin
hypogastric
middle region of the lower row beneath the navel
left iliac
left lateral region of the lower row at the groin
right upper quadrant
contains majority of liver, gallbladder, small portion of pancreas, right kidney, small intestines and colon
right lower quadrant
contains small intestines and colon, right ovary and fallopian tube, appendix, and right ureter
left upper quadrant
contains small portion of liver, spleen, stomach, majority of pancreas, left kidney, small intestines, and colon
left lower quadrant
contains small intestines and colon, left ovary and fallopian tube, and left ureter
midline organs
uterus, urinary bladder. prostate