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128 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aden/o
gland
ex. adenotpathy(gland disease)
carcin/o
cancer
ex. carcinoma (cancerous tumor)
cardi/o
heart
ex. cardiac (pertaining to the heart)
chem/o
chemical
ex. chemotherapy (treatment w/ chemicals)
cis/o
to cut
ex. incision (process of cutting into)
dermat/o
skin
ex. dermatology (study of the skin)
enter/o
small intestines
ex. enteric (pertaining to the small intestines)
gastr/o
stomach
ex. gastric (pertaining to the stomach)
gynec/o
female
ex. gynecology (study of females)
hemat/o
blood
ex. hematic (pertaining to the blood)
hydr/o
water
ex. hydrocele (protrusion of water [in the sctotum]0
immun/o
immune
ex. immunolory (study of immunity)
laryng/o
voice box
ex. laryngeal (pertaining to the voice box)
morph/o
shape
ex. morphology (study of shape)
nephr/o
kidney
ex. nephromegaly (enlarged kidney)
neru/o
nerve
ex. neural (pertaining to a nerve)
ophthalm/o
eye
ex. opthalmic (pertaining to the eye)
ot/o
ear
ex. otic (pertaining to the ear)
phath/o
desease
ex. pathology (study of disease)
pulmon/o
lung
ex. pulmonary (pertaining to the lungs)
rhin/o
nose
ex. rhinoplasty (surgical repair of the nose)
ur/o
urine/urinary tract
ex. urology (study of the urinary tract)
a-
without, away from
ex. aphasia (without speech)
an-
without
ex. anoxia (without oxygen)
ante-
before, in front of
ex. antepartum (before birth)
anti-
against
ex. antibiotic (against life)
auto-
self
ex. autograft (a graft from one's own body)
brady-
slow
ex. bradycardia (slow heartbeat)
dys-
painful, difficult
ex. dyspnea (painful breathing)
endo-
within, inner
ex. endoscope (instrument to view within)
epi-
upon, over
ex. epigastric (upon or over the stomach)
eu-
normal, good
ex. eupnea (normal breathing)
hetero-
different
ex. heterograft (a graft from another person's body)
homo-
same
ex. homozygous (having two identical genes)
hydro-
water
ex. hydrotherapy (water therapy)
hyper-
over, above
ex. hypertrophy (overdevelopment)
hypo-
under, below
ex. hypoglossal (under the tongue)
infra-
under, beneath, below
ex. infraorbital (below, under the ye socket)
inter-
among, between
ex. intervertebral (between the vertebrae)
intra-
within, inside
ex. intravenous (inside, within a vein)
macro-
large
ex. macrocephalic (having a large head)
micro-
small
ex. microcephalic (having a small head)
neo-
new
ex. neonate (newborn)
pan-
all
ex. pancarditis (inflammation of all the hearts)
per-
through
ex. percutaneous (through the skin)
peri-
around
ex. pericardial (around the heart)
post-
after
ex. postpartum (after birth)
pre-
before, in front of
ex. prefrontal (in front of the frontal bone)
pseudo-
false
ex. pseudocyesis (false pregnancy)
retro-
backward, behind
ex. retrograde (movement in a backwards direction)
sub-
below, under
ex. subcutaneous (under, below the skin)
super-
above, excess
ex. supernumerary (above the normal number)
supra-
above
ex. suprapubic (above the pubic bone)
tachy-
rapid, fast
ex. tachycardia (fast heartbeat)
trans-
through, across
ex. transurethral (across the urethra)
ultra-
beyond, excess
ex. ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves)
bi-
two
ex. bilateral (two sides)
di-
two
ex. diplegic (paralysis of two extremities)
hemi-
half
ex. hemiplegia (paralysis of one side/half of the body)
mono-
one
ex. monoplegia (paralysis of one extremity)
multi-
many
ex. mulitgravida (women pregnant more than once)
nulli-
none
ex. nulligravida (women with no pregnancies)
poly-
many
ex. polyuria (large amounts of urine)
quad-
four
ex. quadriplegia (paralysis of all four extremities)
semi-
partial, half
ex. semiconscious (partially conscious)
tri-
three
ex. triceps (mucle with three heads)
uni-
one
ex. unilateral (one side)
-algia
pain
ex. gastralgia (stomach pain)
-cele
hernia, protrusion
ex. cystocele (protrusion of the bladder)
-cise
cut
ex. excise (to cut out)
-dynia
pain
ex. cardiodynia (heart pain)
-ectasis
dilatation
ex. bronchiectasis (dilated bronchi)
-ectopia
displacement
ex. corectopia (pupil of the eye not centered)
-gen
that which produces
ex. mutagen (that which produces mutations)
-genesis
produces, generates
ex. osteogenesis (produces bone)
-genic
producing
ex. carcinogenic (producing cancer)
-ia
state, condition
ex. hemiplegia (condition of being half paralyzed)
-iasis
abnormal condition
ex. lithiasis (abnormal condition of stones)
-ism
state of
ex. hypothyroidism (state of low thyroid)
-itis
inflammation
ex. cellulitis (inflammation of cells)
-logist
one who studies
ex. (one who studies the heart)
-logy
study of
ex. cardiology (study of the heart)
-lysis
destruction
ex. osteolysis (bone destruction)
-malacia
abnormal softening
ex. chondromalacia (abnormal cartilage softening)
-melgaly
enlarged
ex. cardiomegaly (enlarged heart)
-oma
tumor, mass
ex. carcinoma (cancerous tumor)
-osis
abnormal condition
ex. cyanosis (abnormal condition of being blue)
-pathy
disease
ex. myopathy (muscle disease)
-plasia
development, growth
ex. dysplasia (abnormal development)
-plasm
formation, development
ex. neoplasm (new formation)
-ptosis
drooping
ex. proctoptosis (drooping rectum)
-rrhage
excessice, abnormal flow
ex. hemorrhage (excessive bleeding)
-rrhea
discharge, flow
ex. rhinorrhea (discharge from the nose)
-rrhexis
rupture
ex. hysterorrhexis (ruptured uterus)
-sclerosis
hardening
ex. arteriosclerosis (hardening of an artery)
-stenosis
narrowing
ex. angiostenosis (narrowing of a vessel)
-therapy
treatment
ex. chemotherapy (treatment with chemicals)
-trophy
nourishment, development
ex. hypertrophy (excessive development)
-uria
condition of the urine
ex. hematuria (blood in the urine)
-ac
pertaining to
ex. cardiac (pertaining to the heart)
-al
pertaining to
ex. duodenal (pertaining to the duodenum)
-an
pertaining to
ex. ovarian (pertaining to the ovary)
-ar
pertaining to
ex. ventricular (pertaining to the ventricle)
-ary
pertaining to
ex. pulmonary (pertaining to the lungs)
-eal
pertaining to
ex. esophageal (pertaining to the esophagus)
-iac
pertaining to
ex. chondriac (pertaining to the cartilage)
-ic
pertaining to
ex. gastric (pertaining to the stomach)
-ical
pertaining to
ex. neurological (pertaining to the study of nerves)
-ile
pertaining to
ex. penile (pertaining to the penis)
-ior
pertaining to
ex. superior (pertaining to above)
-ory
pertaining to
ex. auditory (pertaining to hearing)
-ose
pertaining to
ex. adipose (pertaining to fat)
-ous
pertaining to
ex. intravenous (pertaining to within a vein)
-tic
pertaining to
ex. acoustic (pertaining to hearing)
-centesis
puncture to withdraw fluid
ex. arthrocentesis (punture to withdraw fluid from a joint)
-ectomy
surgical removal
ex. gastrectomy (surgically remove the stomach)
-ostomy
surgically create an opening
ex. colostomy (surgically create an opening for the colon through the abdominal wall)
-otomy
cutting into
ex. thoracotomy (cutting into the chest)
-pexy
surgical fixation
ex. nephropexy (surgical fixation of a kidney)
-plasty
surgical repair
ex. dermatoplasty (surgical repair of the skin)
-rrhaphy
suture
ex. myorrhaphy (suture together muscle)
-gram
record or picture
ex. electrocardiogram (record of heart's electricity)
-graph
instrument for recording
ex. electrocardiograph (instrument for recording the heart's electrical activity)
-graphy
process of recording
ex. electrocardiography (process of recording the heart's electrical activity)
-meter
instrument for measuring
ex. audiometer (instrument to measure hearing)
-metry
process of measuring
ex. audiometry (process of measuring hearing)
-scope
instrument for viewing
ex. gastroscope (instrument to view stomach)
-scopy
process of visually examining
ex. gastroscopy (process of visually examining the stomach)