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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
condition brought by an abnormal accumulation of acid products of metabolism, seen frequently, in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
addison disease
chronic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in the hormonal secretion of the adrenal cortex. Symptoms may include weakness, darkening of skin, loss of appetite, deression, and other emotional problems.
condition caused by congenital absence or atrophy of the thyroid gland, resulting in hypothyroidism. The disease is characterized by puffy features, mental deficiency, large tongue, and dwarfism.
cushing syndrome
group of symptoms attributed to the excessive production of cortisol by the adrenal cortices. This syndrome may be the result of a pituitary tumor. Symptoms include abnormally pigmented skin, "moon face," pads of fat on the chest and abdomen, "buffalo hump" and wasting away of muscle.
diabetes insipidus (DI)
result of decreased secretion of antiduretic hormone by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Symptoms include excessive thirst and large amounts of urine and sodium being excreted from the body.
diabetes mellitus (DM)
chronic disease involving a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism. Diabetes mellitus is caused by underactivity of the islets of Langerhands in the pancreas, which results in insufficent production of insulin. When the disease is not controlled or is untreated, the patient may develop ketosis, acidosis, and finally coma.
condtion brought by overproduction of growth hormone by the pituitary gland before puberty.
enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Graves disease
a disorder of the thyrod gland characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos
condition resulting from uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, in which the body has an abnormal concentration of ketone bodies
condition resulting from a deficiency of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. A severe form of hypothyroidism in an adult. Symptoms include puffiness of the face and hands, coarse and thickened skin, enlarged tongue, slow speech and anemia.
condition affecting nerves causing muscle spasms as a result of low amounts of calcium in the blood caused by a deficieny of the parathyroid hormone
a condtion caused by excessive thyroid hormones