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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A ______ is found in the intergluteal cleft on the posterior surface of the lower sacrum.
Pilonidal sinus (cyst)
The diagnosis of achalasia is confirmed by__________, a process in which the esophageal pressure is measured by a radiologist or gastroenterologist
manometry
Achalsia may be trated surgically by_________
Esophagomyotomy
The achalasia pt. undergoing pneumatic dilitation shoukld be monitored for_______.
Perforation
Anal fistulas usually result from_____.
Infection
A(n) ______ is a tiny, tubular, fibrous tract that extends into the anal canal from an opening located beside the anus
Anal fistula
A _______ is the recommended surgical procedure for an anal fistula.
Fistulectomy
______ are dilated portions of veins in the anal canal
Hemorrhoids
A(n) _________ is a longitudinal tear or ulceration in the lining of the anal canal.
Anal fissure
The major complication of appendicitis is ___________.
Perforation of the appendix
Normal activity after an appendectomy can be resumed within ____ to _____ weeks.
2-4
After an appendectomy the nurse places the patient in a ________ position.
semi-fowler
Perforation of the appendix generally occurs _________ hours after the onset of pain.
24
If the appendix curls behind the cecum, pain and tenderness may be felt in the ___________.
lumbar region
___________ is pain felt in the right lower quadrant after the left lower quadrant has been palpated
Rovsing's sign
McBurneys point is located between the _______ and the __________.
Umbilicus
Anterior superior iliac spine
What age and gender suffers more from appendicitis?
Males between 10 and 30 years
The appendix is attached to the _______ just below the _______
Cecum
ileocecal valve
What are the two types of hemorrhoids?
Internal
External
_________ should follow each bowel movement for 1 to 2 weeks following hemorrhoid surgery.
sitz bath
The nurse encourages intake of at least ____ of water daily to provide adequate hydration
2 liters
The pt. with hernia is advised not to recline for ____ after eating and to elevate the head of the bed ____ to ___ inches
1 hour
4-8
Diagnosis of hernia are confirmed by________, ________, and _____.
x-ray
Barium Swallow
Floroscopy
The complications of ___, ____, and ___ can occur with any type of hernia.
Hemorrhage
Obstruction
Strangulation
The complications of ___, ____, and ___ can occur with any type of hernia.
Hemorrhage
Obstruction
Strangulation
The pt, with sliding hernia may have symptoms of ________, _______, and ______.
Heartburn
Regurgitation
Dysphagia
_______ hernia occurs when all or part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm.
paraesophageal
_________ hernia occurs when the upper stomach and the gastroesophagel junction (GEJ) are displaced upward and slide in and out of the thorax.
Sliding
What are the two types of hiatal hernia?
Sliding & Paraesophagel
Hiatal hernias happen more often in __________.
Women
Achalasia may be treated conservatively by ________ to stretch the narrowed area of the esophagus.
Pneumatic dilitation
The patient with achalasia should be instructed to ___ and to ____.
eat slowly
drink fluids with meals
Achalsia occurs most often in people ________ years of age or older
40
_______ is absent or ineffective peristalsis of the distal esophagus accompanied by failure of the esophageal sphincter to relax in response to swallowing
Achalasia
Patients with achalasia have the sensation of _________.
food sticking in the lower esophagus.
They sometimes report a "lump in their throat"
The primary symptom of achalasia is _______.
difficulty in swallowing both liquids and solids.