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14 Cards in this Set

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acculturation
modification of one's own culture as a result of contact with another culture
assimilation
generally a one-way process where people lose their own cultural identity as they gradually adopt and incorporate characteristics of the prevailing culture
cultural competence
the complex integration of knowledge, attitudes, and skills that enable the nurse to provide culturally appropriate health care
cultural imposition
the result when one's own cultural beliefs and practices are imposed on another person or group of people
culture
the knowledge, values, beliefs, art, morals, laws, customs, and habits of the members of a society
culture-bound syndrome
illnesses or afflictions that are recognized within a cultural group
ethnicity
groups whose members share a common social and cultural heritage
ethnocentrism
the tendency to subconsciously view others using one's own customs as the standard
explanatory models
interpretations and meanings of symptoms through a person's cultural norms
race
divisions of humankind, more closely related to people who share a common ancestry and physical characteristics such as skin color, bone structure, or blood group
stereotyping
the viewing of members of a specific culture, race, or ethnic group as being alike and sharing the same values and beliefs
subcultures
small groups within a cultural group that may not hold all of the values of the dominant culture because of differences related to ethnic background, residence, religion, occupation, health-related characteristics, age, gender, education, or other factors that unite the groups
transcultural nursing
a specialty that focuses on the comparative study and analysis of cultures and subcultures; the goal is the discovery of culturally relevant facts that can guide the nurse in providing culturally appropriate and competent care
values
the sets of rules by which individuals, families, groups, and communities live