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79 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Levodopa
Used for Pd
Crosses the blood brain barrier
In Pd need to balance dopamine with?
Acetycholine
Anticholinergic agents
benztropine, bipeeriden, diphenydramine, ethopropazine, trihexphnidyl
Selegiline side effects
hypotension, dysrhthmia, tachycardia,abd pain, dizzines drowsiness,insomnia, confusiion, dry mouth, constipation, diarrhea, N/V SOB
Fatal sid e effect of valproic acid
hepatotoxicty
what causes ginival hyperplasis
pheyytoin
1st line agent for status epileptus
benzodiazapine
overdoes of barbituates cause?
respiratory arrest
Adverse effect of phenobarbital
drowsiness
Treatment drug for status epileptus?
diazepam
barbitutlate for tonic-clonic and partial seizures
phenobarbital
What vit can not be taken with levadopa
Vit B6
Anticholengic agents help with s/s of PD
droo;ing, rigidty, tremors
meds for gout
allopurinol
gold injections used for?
Arthritis
Side effects of gold salts
mouth ulcers
How long does it take for gold injections to work?
3-4 months
Side effects of Plaquinil
eye damage
1st line of drugs for OA
Acetaminophen
Baclofen is what category of drug?
Antispastic
1st line of drugs for treatment of Ms
interferon (Immunomodulator)
Baclofen is use for what disease?
MS and ALS
drugs used for Huntingtons Disease is ?
diazapam (benzodiazepine)
gold salt drug
auranofin
drugs for the treatment of gout
colchicine, nsaids
Ach is used in what diagnois?
PD and Hd
Gaba is used in what diagnois?
epilespy, HD, and PD
Ditropan is used for ?
Spastic bladder
neutontin
blue urine, MS
muscle relaxant for MS
valium (diazepan)
What drug is used for MD
prednisone
Drug treatment for Cva
ASA
drugs for all nuero problems
certizo antiviral, andti epliplics
treatment for Bells palsy
antiviral acyclovir
MOAI Used for?
anxiety disorders panic and social phobias
examples of MOAI are?
Nardil, Parnate, marlplan
Phenobarbital side effects are?
sedation, depression
Carbemazepine is use for and what are the side effects?
partial sseizures: mood stabilizer :drowniness, dizziness, lightheadness, ataxia, N/V, doplopia and blurred vision
Drugs that end with -pam are what type?
benzodiazepines
Some mood stabaliziers are?
Lithum, Valproic Acid, carbamazepine, benzodiazepines, buspar, antihistamines, andti depressants
benzodiazepine used for
anxiety disorders
side effects of benzodiazepine are
Dizzines, drowiness, ataxia, respiratory depression, dependence
Best thing of buspar is ?
dependence does not develop but takes up a month to work.
side effects of antihistamines are
sedation
SSRI used for?
depression, eating disoders
Some SSRI are?
Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil Luvox and Clexa
Some side effects of SSRI are?
more movement changes, sexual dysfunction, decrease pleaseure, apathy and decrease libido,
TCA (Tricyclic antidepressants)
2nd line of treatment for depression, anti OCD and antipanic effects
Side effects of TCA
anticholingeric actions (Dries up) dry mouth, blurred vision, urinary retention, constipation, and memory disturbance
What drug is used for bipolar disorder?
Lithium
Side effects of Lithuim?
N/V, polyuria, tremors, weight gain, ddry skin, confusion
Postive symptoms of atypical antipsychotics are?
hallucinations, delusions, and conceptual disoraganization
Negative symptoms of atypical antipyschotics are?
apathy, social withdrawak, blunted affect and poverty of speech
phenothiazines side effects are?
drowsiness, dizziness, fainting and photosensitivity
Haldol decanoate is used for ?
long term treatment of psychosis in pts that are noncompliant with drug treatments: has a long half life
S/s of salicylate intoxication
increased HR, tiniutusm hearing loss, dimnes of visionm H/A dizziness mental confusion, N/V diarrhea, sweating, thrist adn hyper ventilation
Side effects of NSAIDs
GI upset
What is given with NSAIDs to prevent GI upset
misoprostol (Cytotec)
what drug replaces dopamine in PD pts?
Sinemet
what is the most frequently used anticoagulants is?
Heparin and warfarin (Coumadin)
LMWHs is
Lovenox
Lovenox does not required what?
APTTs
Side effects of anticoagulants are?
Bleeding, Thrombocytopenia, thrombosis, N/V abd cramps, ulcerations
what is used to reversed the anticoagulants effects of heparin?
protamine sulfatewhat is
what is used to reversed the anticoagulants effects of warfarin?
Vit k
What two drugs are the same?
welbutrin and Zyban
(Bupropion)
What is the serum level of lithium?
1.0 to 1.5 mEq/L
What is the osmotic diuretic of choice?
Mannitol
Mannitol is use for what?
Reduction of ICPand cerbral edema
what are soem side effects of mannitol
convulsions, thrombophebitis, and pulmonary congestion, H/A Chest pain tachycardia, blurred vision,chills and fever
Haldol side effects are?
hypo/hyper, tachybrady, cardic arrest, arrhythmias, ananphylactic reactions, suppression of cough
Prednisone the prefered oral glucocorticoid for what?
antiinflammatory and immunosuppressant.
Side effects of Prednisone
weight gain, moon face, edema, used for short time
what lowers the seizure threshold
Elavil
side effects of elavil
sedation imptence orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia, weight gain
SSRI helps with what?
Etoh withdraw
What to do if lithium levels are >1.5 mEq/L?
Dosage is withheld and notify doctor.
toxic symptons for lithium are?
blurred vision,ataxia, tinnitus, psychomtor retardation, confusion, increasing tremors,
Valium and Ativian help with what?
Alcohol withdraw