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75 Cards in this Set

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Windows 1.0
1985 - Graphical extention to MS-DOS, run Multiple Apps at same time, use clipboard to share data
Windows 2.0
1987 - supported 80286 cpu and expanded memory hardware
Windows 3.0
1990 - supported 80386 cpu and had easier to use graphical interface
Windows 3.11
1992 - Windows for Workgroups - extends Windows into network environment by including built-in network protocols and network card drivers. Can build networks w/out servers
Windows NT 3.1
1993 - NT removed DOS and provided support for processors other than Intel. There were two versions. Desktop: Windows NT Workstation. Server: Windows NT Server. 6 million lines of code
MAPI
Mail Application Programming Interface
TAPI
Telephony Application Programming Interface
Windows 95
1995 - 32 bit enviroment. Plug and Play.Improved GUI. Improved network connectivity. Support for MAPI and TAPI.
Windows NT 4.0
1996 - Uses Win95 GUI. No Plug and Play support. Greater reliability and security. 16 million lines of code.
Windows 98
1998 - Improves on Win95. More support for new hardware. Better internet browsing. Support for new system mgmt tools like Registry Checker.
What are the significant changes brought about by Win95 and Win98?
Upgrade to 32 bit environment. New GUI. Plug and Play support. Improved network connectivity and internet browsing
Windows NT 5.0
1998 - Beta only. Introduced Active Direcotory and Distributed File System (DFS). In October 1998 was renamed Windows 2000.
What are the key components the distinguish the differences between Windows NT and Win95/Win98?
Win95/98 was designed for home users. NT was designed for business users. NT had no Plug and Play support, it removed DOS, and it supported processors other than Intel.
Windows 2000
1999 - In April 1999, Beta 3 of Win2K was released.
Aim of developers of Windows 2000?
Create a series of operating systems with a common code base and feature set the incorporate the best features of Win98 and the best traditions of WinNT
How Many versions are there of Windows 2000? What are their names?
5 - Windows 2000 Professional, Windows 2000 Server, Windows 2000 Advanced Server, Windows 2000 Datacenter Server, Windows 2000 Appcenter Server
Windows 2000 Professional
Desktop OS. Full 32 bit OS. Can run 2 symmetrical multiprocessors (SMP) and 4GB of RAM.
Windows 2000 Server
Standard server edition. Designed for small to medium sized businesses. 4-way symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) and 4GB RAM. A platform for sharing applications across a network. Can host personal or company website. Can access and manage company intranets.
Windows 2000 Advanced Server
Designed for medium to large business. 8-way SMP and 8GB RAM using Intel's Physical Address Extention (PAE). Designed to service database-intensive applications. Supports NLB (32 nodes) and Cluster Service (2-node failover)
Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
Most powerful version of Win2K. Max 32-way SMP with certain OEM implementations. 16-way SMP as default. 64GB RAM. 32 NLB and 4-node failover Cluster Services.
Windows 2000 Appcenter Server
Cluster services, NLB (Network Load Balancing) and CLB (Component Load Balancing). Allows for scalable and highly available multi-tiered solutions.
NLB
Network Load Balancing - distributes incoming IP traffic over a cluster of 'nodes' (ie - servers).
Cluster Services
Failover support for failure of hardware or critical software apps. When a common failure occurs, this service can automatically recover both data and applicatons.
SMP
Symmetric MultiProcessing
CLB
Component Load Balancing - capability to distribute middle-tier business Logic (COM+, ect.) across multiple servers.
COM+
middle-tier business logic.
What is Win2K first antecedent?
Windows NT 3.1 Advanced Server
Before and after WinNT 3.1 Advanced Server
BEFORE - shared same interface and apps as Win 3.1, but also had LAN Manager for improved network functionality. AFTER - allowed file and print sharing services with network users.
Windows NT 3.5 & 3.51 History
1994/5? - memory optimization and support for PowerPC family of microprocessors. Could run IIS 1.0.
IIS
1995 - Internet Information Service - stand-alone app to host website. Min opsys - NT 3.51 server (as an add-on).
Windows NT 4.0 History
Adds kernel-mode Graphical Device Interface (GDI) and new user interface. Include support for IIS 2.0 and OpenGL, a three-dimensional graphics standard.
OpenGL
A three-dimensional graphics standard. Supported by WinNT4.0
LAN Manager
Improved network functionality. Supported by WinNT 3.1 Adv Server.
IPSec
IP Security
IPP
Internet Printing Protocol - allows for printing and downloading of drivers over the Internet.
Advantages of Windows 2000?
More reliable. More scalable. Easier to deploy and manage than previous versions of Windows. Has Internet Explorer 5.01, IIS 5 (Internet Information Service), IPSec, IPP, and 'Wizards' to make network mgmt easier and more efficient. At least 6500 more hardware drivers than NT.
Windows 2000 - Search Bar
Find addresses or web pages
Windows 2000 - History Bar
Recently visited website, network servers, and folders
Windows 2000 - AutoComplete
Helps users fill in URLs or network paths by 'remembering' the remainder of the path, provided the user has visited that location in the recent past.
Windows 2000 - Automated Proxy
Automatically locates and configures Internet Explorer for proxy server settings
ICS
Internet Connection Sharing - allows home or small-office users to connect to the Internet via dial-up or broadband services.
NAT
Network Address Translation
Windows 2000 client Advantages - Internet
NAT and name resolution services for all computers on a home or small office network.
MMC
Microsoft Management Console - and unified administrative framework that can be used to administer and configure both Win2K client and server computers
What does the MMC do?
Allows administrators to manage users and domains, computers, and network and system settings, as well as many other things.
Active Directory
Simplifies the mgmt of a network by using Internet naming and structuring conventions.
How is Win2K better than NT 4.0?
Has Active Directory, better file mgmt, better file security, network functions and communications are easier to manage, has a wide range of hardware and software compatibilty.
IntelliMirror
Admins can, from any workstation as an Admin user, manage users desktop settings, and allows users to access their data, applications and settings from any workstation. (Roaming).
RIS
Remote Installation Services. A part of IntelliMirror. Allows Admins to install operating systems across the network without visiting each computer.
VPN
Virtual Private Network - allows users to remotely access the network via dial-up (or broadband), by using one of two protocols - PPTP or L2TP with IPSec
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
L2TP
Layer Two Tunneling Protocol
What types of protocols does Win2K support?
Novell (NWLIK or IPX/SPX), Apple (AppleTalk), and earlier versions of windows. It also provides management protocol support such as SNMP
SNMP
?
Windows 2000 File System Enhancements
Disk quotas, DFS (Distributed File System), and Encryption. Enhanced NTFS file system, and allows you to easily add disk space to a volume. FAT32 file system backwards compatabilty (Win94OSR2). Include a disk defragmenter utility (to enhance system performance).
DFS
Distributed File System - displays folders from different servers and network locations as a single unified logical file system. No need for multiple drive mappings. The user does not need to be aware of the location of a folder.
Disk Quota
Allows and Admin to specify and limit a user's portion of the server's hard disk.
Encryption
?
IIS 5.0
Internet Information Server 5.0 comes with Win2K to host websites or corporate intranets.
Kerberos v5
Kerberos version 5 protocol - Internet security standard authentication protocol. It allows users to log on only once to gain access to network resources, and it speeds up authentication and network response times. Not available for NT.
Design Goals for Windows NT
extensibility, portability, reliability, compatibility, performance
NT extensibility
adaptable to hardware and software changes
NT portability
minimal recoding required to have it run on computers with different processors and configurations
NT reliability
handle code and hardware errors effectively
NT compatability
compatible on both binary and sorce level to support MS-DOS, 16-bit Windows, OS/2, LAN Manager, and POSIX-based applications.
NT performance
Careful design of the enviroment subsystem. Crucial network components were build into the privileged portions of the operating system.
Design Goals for Windows 2000
Reduce TCO. Reduced administration time by centralizing mgmt. Increase system availability through better reliability and recovery.
Win2K reliability
Rigorous testing. Detection and prevention of memory management problems in applications, the kernel, and device drivers. (No more Blue Screen of Death).
Win2K availability
Cluster Services - both Advanced and Datacenter servers have the ability to automatically recover data and applications when a 'common' failure occurs. Also works with UPS technology in case of power failure to provide protection to data and applications. It can do a controlled shutdown of the server or switch to a different power supply.
UPS
Uninterruptable Power Supply
TCO
Total Cost of Ownership
Win2K scalability
Support large user populations running a wide variety of applications. Updated NTFS file system (disk quotas, hierarchical storage mgmt). Improved memory allocation and locking to increase SMP scalability.
Win2K reduced TCO
Active Directory is used to create policies to help admins manage groups of users, computer, applications, and network resources centrally. Has admin tools needed for centralized network management. Increases effective time management.
ZAW initiative
Zero Administration for Windows - reduce time spent and network and system administration. Automatic driver and application updates. Active Directory groups resources, reducing admin time spent locating and managing network resources.