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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a body of knowledge in a specific discipline or area (scientific method: the study and collection of data pertaining to a particular body of knowledge through the use of hypothesizing, analysis, theory, models, law, and research)
an understanding without the the conscious use of reasoning or logic
the creation of something beautiful, or the skill to do so
a theory that seems to explain a group of phenomena and can be subjected to tests, experimentation, or statistical analysis to prove or disprove
valid research
careful, diligent search of relationships between cause and effect, conducted in a scholarly fashion that will hold up to peer review
National Institute of Health
part of the Public Health Service of the Department of Health and Human Services. The NIH operates research institutes; such as the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, and the National Institute of Environmental Health Services. In addition, it helps fund other medical research projects. The National Institutes of Health is an institution of the United States government which focuses on medical research. The Institutes are located in Bethesda, Maryland.
NCCAM (formerly Office of Alternative and Complementary Medicine)
a United States government agency. NCCAM is dedicated to exploring complementary and alternative healing practices in the context of rigorous science, training complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) researchers, and disseminating authoritative information to the public and professionals
physiological effects
a change in function
neuro-endocrine interactions
the interaction between the nervous system and the hormones of the endocrine glands
body/mind effect
the belief system that what affects one also affects the other
placebo effect
scientific term for the power of suggestion - a belief that if something will make you well, it will in fact do so, even if it's a sugar pill, a placebo
somatic effects
a collective term for effects on the cells or the physical body (as opposed to the mind or the spirit) also referred to as cellular memory: the theory is that while you may not consciously remember some past injury or trauma, the body does
reflexive methods
cause reflexive effects: indirect responses to touch that affect body functions and tissues throughout the nervous or energy systems of the body
mechanical methods
cause mechanical effects: direct physical effects of the massage techniques on the tissues being manipulated
biofield or energetic methods
The biofield has defied measurement to date by reproducible methods. Therapies involving biofields are based on the concept that human beings are infused with a subtle form of energy. This vital energy or life force is known under different names in different cultures, such as qi in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), ki in the Japanese Kampo system, doshas in Ayurvedic medicine, and elsewhere as prana, etheric energy, fohat, orgone, odic force, mana, and homeopathic resonance. Vital energy is believed to flow throughout the material human body, but it has not been unequivocally measured by means of conventional instrumentation. Nonetheless, therapists claim that they can work with this subtle energy, see it with their own eyes, and use it to effect changes in the physical body and influence health.
general adaptation syndrome
the body's short-term and long-term reactions to stress. stage 1: alarm reaction - fight or flight, stimulates body physically but lowers effectiveness of immune system, body becomes more susceptible to injury or disease. stage 2: resistance phase - body adapts to stress. stage 3: exhaustion - body may succumb to illness
any factor that moves the body away from homeostasis (balance)